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Strathcona County is a specialized municipality in central Alberta, Canada between Edmonton and Elk Island National Park.

Strathcona County
Official logo of Strathcona County
Location within Alberta
Location within Alberta
Coordinates: 53°31′24″N 113°18′32″W / 53.52333°N 113.30889°W / 53.52333; -113.30889Coordinates: 53°31′24″N 113°18′32″W / 53.52333°N 113.30889°W / 53.52333; -113.30889
CountryCanada
ProvinceAlberta
RegionEdmonton Capital Region
Census divisionNo. 11
 - Municipal district1943
 - Specialized municipalityJanuary 1, 1996
Government
 • MayorRod Frank
 • Governing body
 • CommissionerRob Coon
 • Office locationSherwood Park
Area
 (2016)[4]
 • Land1,182.78 km2 (456.67 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[4]
 • Total98,044
 • Density82.9/km2 (215/sq mi)
 • Municipal census (2015)
95,597[5]
Time zoneUTC-7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
Websitestrathcona.ca

It is located in Division No. 11 and is also part of the Edmonton Census Metropolitan Area. More than half of the population lives in Sherwood Park, a large community east of Edmonton that has opted to retain hamlet status. Strathcona County was designated as a specialized municipality on January 1, 1996, in order to accommodate the specific needs of an area that includes both urban and rural territory.[6]

Contents

HistoryEdit

First officially recognized in 1893 by the territorial legislature (it was then part of the North West Territories) as Statute Labour District #2, Strathcona County has changed immensely since its inception. In 1913 Statute Labour District #2 was renamed to Local Improvement District #517 (Clover Bar), which then, in 1943, merged with Local Improvement District #518 (Strathcona) to become Municipal District #83 (Strathcona). By joining with local school divisions in 1962, Municipal District #83 officially became a county. County status was subsequently revoked in 1995 when the County Act was repealed by the provincial legislature, but was quickly returned in 1996 when the County of Strathcona #20 officially changed its name to Strathcona County and received Specialized Municipality status.[6]

On March 29, 2007, Strathcona County announced plans to create an entirely new urban community from scratch to complement Sherwood Park. This development is supposed to be more dense and pedestrian friendly, and could hold up to 200,000 people. However, opponents have pointed out that the development will destroy land of high agricultural value.[7]

DemographicsEdit

In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Strathcona County recorded a population of 98,044 living in 35,567 of its 36,354 total private dwellings, a change of 6% from its 2011 population of 92,490. With a land area of 1,182.78 km2 (456.67 sq mi), it had a population density of 82.9/km2 (214.7/sq mi) in 2016.[4]

The population of Strathcona County according to its 2015 municipal census is 95,597, a change of 3.5% from its 2012 municipal census population of 92,403.[5]

In the 2011 Census, Strathcona County had a population of 92,490 living in 33,129 of its 34,136 total dwellings, a change of 12.1% from its 2006 population of 82,511. With a land area of 1,180.56 km2 (455.82 sq mi), it had a population density of 78.3/km2 (202.9/sq mi) in 2011.[16]

GeographyEdit

Major highwaysEdit

AirportsEdit

Strathcona County is home to two public airports.

Cooking Lake Airport is the County's main public airport, serving 87 per cent of its public aeronautical transportation needs.[17] It is also the oldest operating public airport in all of Canada and approved for international flights under the Canada Border Services Agency CANPASS program.[18]

The Warren Thomas Aerodrome, better known as the Josephberg Airport, serves the remaining 13 per cent of the County's public aeronautical transportation needs.

Communities and localitiesEdit

The following localities are located within Strathcona County.[21]

Localities

GovernmentEdit

Unlike most Albertan municipal districts, where council appoints a reeve, Strathcona County elects a mayor. Rod Frank was elected in 2017,[22] replacing Roxanne Carr who was elected in 2013.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Strathcona County (2010-04-27). "Local Government History". Strathcona County. Retrieved 2010-10-02.
  2. ^ Alberta Municipal Affairs (2010-09-17). "Municipal Profile – Strathcona County". Retrieved 2010-10-02.
  3. ^ "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. September 22, 2017. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Census: Strathcona County Historical Population". Strathcona County. September 4, 2015. Retrieved September 5, 2015.
  6. ^ a b Municipality Profile - Alberta Municipal Affairs
  7. ^ New city rising
  8. ^ "Table 6a: Population by census divisions and subdivisions showing reorganization of rural areas, 1931-1946". Census of the Prairie Provinces, 1946. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1949. p. 424.
  9. ^ "Table 6: Population by sex, for census subdivisions, 1956 and 1951". Census of Canada, 1956. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1958.
  10. ^ "Table 9: Population by census subdivisions, 1966 by sex, and 1961". 1966 Census of Canada. Western Provinces. Population: Divisions and Subdivisions. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1967.
  11. ^ "Table 3: Population for census divisions and subdivisions, 1971 and 1976". 1976 Census of Canada. Census Divisions and Subdivisions, Western Provinces and the Territories. Population: Geographic Distributions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1977.
  12. ^ "Table 2: Census Subdivisions in Alphabetical Order, Showing Population Rank, Canada, 1981". 1981 Census of Canada. Census subdivisions in decreasing population order. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1982. ISBN 0-660-51563-6.
  13. ^ "Table 2: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 1986 and 1991 – 100% Data". 91 Census. Population and Dwelling Counts – Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1992. pp. 100–108. ISBN 0-660-57115-3.
  14. ^ "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Divisions, 2001 and 1996 Censuses – 100% Data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2019-05-25.
  15. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses – 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. January 6, 2010. Retrieved 2019-05-25.
  16. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
  17. ^ Johannsson, Jim (August 10, 2018). "Airport continues fight on taxes". Sherwood Park News. Retrieved September 1, 2018.
  18. ^ Westhaver, Eric (September 23, 2015). "Edmonton-area airport now accepting international flights". Global News. Retrieved September 1, 2018.
  19. ^ "Fort Saskatchewan, City (Census Subdivision), Alberta". Statistics Canada. 2012-06-20. Retrieved 2012-08-13.
  20. ^ a b c d "Specialized and Rural Municipalities and Their Communities" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. 2012-03-01. Retrieved 2012-08-11.
  21. ^ "Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) 2006, Economic Regions: 4811052 - Strathcona County, geographical codes and localities, 2006". Statistics Canada. 2010-03-05. Retrieved 2012-08-11.
  22. ^ "2017 Election Results". Strathcona County. Retrieved 19 October 2017.

External linksEdit