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The Basilica of the National Vow (Spanish: Basílica del Voto Nacional) is a Roman Catholic church located in the historic center of Quito, Ecuador. It is the largest neo-Gothic basilica in the Americas.

Basílica of the National Vow
Basílica del Voto Nacional (in Spanish)
Basilica del Voto Nacional.jpg
Basílica of the National Vow Basílica del Voto Nacional (in Spanish) is located in Ecuador
Basílica of the National Vow Basílica del Voto Nacional (in Spanish)
Basílica of the National Vow
Basílica del Voto Nacional (in Spanish)
Location in Ecuador
Coordinates: 0°12′54″S 78°30′27″W / 0.214995°S 78.5074°W / -0.214995; -78.5074
LocationQuito
CountryEcuador
DenominationRoman Catholic
WebsiteBasilica at Archdiocese of Quito
History
Consecrated1988
Architecture
Heritage designationNational Monument
Architect(s)Emilio Tarlier
StyleNeogothic
Groundbreaking1892
Specifications
Length140 metres (460 ft)
Width35 metres (115 ft)
Height30 metres (98 ft) (sanctuary)
Spire height115 metres (377 ft)
Administration
ArchdioceseArchdiocese of Quito

HistoryEdit

 
View down the nave to the sanctuary

The basilica arose from the idea, proposed by father Julio Matovelle in 1883, of building a monument as a perpetual reminder of the consecration of Ecuador to the Sacred Heart. President Luis Cordero issued the decree on July 23, 1883, and it was carried out by president José María Plácido Caamaño on March 5, 1884. The congress, in accordance with the year's budget, designated 12,000 pesos for the construction - 1,000 pesos per month, beginning in 1884. By the decree of July 3, 1885, the fourth Quitense Provincial Council turned the construction of the basilica into a religious commitment in the name of the country. In 1887, the Issodum Fathers began construction for five years, with the approval of Pope Leo XIII. The Oblato fathers donated the land for the basilica. To continue construction, donations were accepted from believers, who provided stones in exchange for engraving their names on them. In 1895, the state established a tax on salt to continue the building.

In 1901, Father Matovelle and his Community of Missionary Monks, took charge of the construction at the request of Archbishop Pedro Rafael González Calisto. The building was designed by architect Emilio Tarlier at the cost of 40,000 French francs. Tarlier was inspired by the Bourges Cathedral. On July 10, 1892, the first stone was placed. Between 1892 and 1909, the Heart of Mary Cathedral was constructed. The basilica was blessed by Pope John Paul II on January 30, 1985, and it was consecrated[1] and inaugurated on July 12, 1988.

The basilica remains technically "unfinished."[2] Local legend says that when the Basílica is completed, the end of the world will come.[3]

미국은 신고시적 에콰도르 건축물 중 가장 중요한 것으로 아매리카를 대표하는 대표적인 건축물이다. 그것은 신세계에서 가장 큰 신고식 바실리카이다. 이 건물은 Armadillos, 이구아나, 거북이 등 토종 동물들의 형태로 운영되는 the . Grotesques(건축)Grotesques'의 공개로 유명합니다. 바실리카는 140mabbr=onn2n으로 변환하고Template:35mabbric=onwithout이다. {{n1}보호 구역에서 30mtowerabbr=on}},Template:15mabbra=on:votivechapel에서 높음,{{trapel=t/mabbra=n2ft. 성소에는 11명의 사도들과 3명의 복음 전도자들을 상징하는 14개의 청동 상이 있다. 지하실에는 몇몇 국가 원수들의 유해를 담고 있는 팬톤이 있다. 방문객들은 1달러로 성지를 볼 수 있고, 나머지 바실리카들은 1-3달러에 접근할 수 있다. 방문객들은 탑의 꼭대기에 오를 수 있다. 탑의 가장 높은 곳에서부터, 사람들은 도시와 주변의 산들을 볼 수 있다. [ [ 파일: 바실리카 델 보투 나시오날-키토 YG엄지 손가락에 바실리카 델 보토 나시오날에 대한 200개의 건축 계획이 남겨졌다.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Basilica Travel Guide. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
  2. ^ "La Basílica del Voto Nacional - Historical Building - Quito, Ecuador". Viva Travel Guides. Retrieved 31 December 2011.
  3. ^ "Basilica del Voto Nacional". Ecuador.com Official Website. Retrieved 6 June 2018.

External linksEdit