Baron Criminel

Baron Criminel[1][2] (also spelled Baron Kriminel) is a much feared spirit or loa in the Haitian Vodou religion. He is envisioned as the first murderer who has been condemned to death, and is invoked to pronounce swift judgment. Baron Criminel is syncretized with Saint Martin de Porres, perhaps because his feast day is November 3, the day after Fête Guede or Fête Ghede (Haitian Creole: Fèt Gede). His colors are black, purple, white and deep blood red.

Baron Criminel
Loa of Death
Venerated inHaitian Vodou, Louisiana Voodoo, Folk Catholicism
FeastNovember 3
AttributesBlack tailcoat and top hat, cigar, bottle of wine
PatronageDeath, cemeteries, criminals


A person possessed by Baron Criminel shouts obscenities, spits libations to all past criminals and threatens to kill surrounding people who violate them.[clarification needed] If, during possession, Baron Criminel is presented with food he does not like, he will threaten to bite chunks out of the arms of the possessed person. He sometimes calls for sacrifices of black chickens to be doused in petrol and set alight. The shrieking of the chickens when being burned alive is said to appeal to the cruel nature of Baron Criminel and appease him. Baron Criminel is said to be one of Baron Samedi's many aspects.[3]

Baron Criminel will often grant requests in lieu, he is said to return on Fete Ghede, the Voduns' "Festival of the Dead" (November 2), to claim payment.


  1. ^ Alvarado, Denise, ed. (2001). "Voodoo Hoodoo Spellbook". Red Wheel Weiser. p. 38. ISBN 9781609256159. Retrieved 16 April 2021.
  2. ^ Malbrough, Ray T., ed. (2003). "Hoodoo Mysteries Folk Magic, Mysticism & Rituals". Llewellyn Publications. p. 147. ISBN 9780738703503. Retrieved 15 April 2021.
  3. ^