Barangay councils in the Philippines

  (Redirected from Barangay Council)

The Sangguniang Barangay known commonly as the Barangay Council, and formerly as the Rural Council and then the Barrio Council, is the legislative body of a barangay, the lowest elected government in the Philippines.

The term is coined from the Tagalog words "sanggunian" and "baranggay" which means "barangay advisory council".

Each Sanggunian is headed by a Barangay Captain (the village's chief executive), and comprises seven members all titled kagawad (English: Barangay Councillor), and the Chairman of the Sangguniang Kabataan, the barangay's youth council, for a total of eight members.

As a collegiate body, a Sanggunian primarily passes ordinances and resolutions for the effective administration of the barangay. Its powers and functions are defined by the Local Government Code of 1991.[1]

HistoryEdit

During the American Colonial Period, appointed Rural Councils were created, with four councillors assisting the council's Barrio Lieutenant, now known as the Barangay Captain.[2] The body was later renamed Barrio Council.[2]

The 1959 Barrio Charter Act, passed after Philippine independence in 1946, changed the council from being appointed to elected.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ DILG – Local Government Code of 1991 Archived May 8, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b Zamora, Mario D. (1966). "Political Change and Tradition: The Case of Village Asia". In Karigoudar Ishwaran (ed.). International Studies in Sociology and Social Anthropology: Politics and Social Change. Leiden, the Netherlands: E.J. Brill. pp. 247–253. Retrieved November 12, 2012.
  3. ^ Tigno, Jorge V. (2003). "Economic Vitality and Local Governance: The Political Economy of Decentralization in the Philippines". In Yasutami Shimomura (ed.). Asian Development Experience: The role of governance in Asia Volume 2 of Asian Development Experience Series. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 266. ISBN 9789812302007. Retrieved November 12, 2012.

External linksEdit