Barangay councils in the Philippines
The Sangguniang Barangay known commonly as the Barangay Council, and formerly as the Rural Council and then the Barrio Council, is the legislative body of a barangay, the lowest elected government in the Philippines.
The term is coined from the Tagalog words "sanggunian" and "baranggay" which means "barangay advisory council".
Each Sanggunian is headed by a Barangay Captain (the village's chief executive), and comprises seven members all titled kagawad (English: Barangay Councillor), and the Chairman of the Sangguniang Kabataan, the barangay's youth council, for a total of eight members.
As a collegiate body, a Sanggunian primarily passes ordinances and resolutions for the effective administration of the barangay. Its powers and functions are defined by the Local Government Code of 1991.
During the American Colonial Period, appointed Rural Councils were created, with four councillors assisting the council's Barrio Lieutenant, now known as the Barangay Captain. The body was later renamed Barrio Council.
- DILG – Local Government Code of 1991 Archived May 8, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
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- Tigno, Jorge V. (2003). "Economic Vitality and Local Governance: The Political Economy of Decentralization in the Philippines". In Yasutami Shimomura (ed.). Asian Development Experience: The role of governance in Asia Volume 2 of Asian Development Experience Series. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 266. ISBN 9789812302007. Retrieved November 12, 2012.