Barādarī or Birādrī (Urdu: برادری, Bengali: বেরাদরী) means Brotherhood originating from the Persian word برادر Baradar meaning "Brother". In India, Bangladesh and Pakistan it is used to denote a number of social strata among South Asian Muslims (see Caste system among South Asian Muslims). According to author Anatol Lieven, "the most important force in [Pakistani] society" are Baradari, usually far stronger than any competing religious, ethnic, or ideological cause. Parties and political alliances in Pakistan are based on Baradari, not ideology. Baradari have also influenced politics in some parts of the United Kingdom where a significant number of people are of Pakistani descent, most notably in Bradford.
- Hamid, Mohsin. "Why They Get Pakistan Wrong". New York Review of Books.
- https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-leeds-31600344. Missing or empty