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About this soundBaoshan  (Chinese: ; pinyin: Bǎoshān, historically also Yongchang) is a prefecture-level city in western Yunnan province, People's Republic of China. Baoshan is the second-biggest metropolitan area in western Yunnan after Dali.

Baoshan

保山市
Location of Baoshan in Yunnan
Location of Baoshan in Yunnan
Coordinates: 25°06′43″N 99°09′40″E / 25.112°N 99.161°E / 25.112; 99.161Coordinates: 25°06′43″N 99°09′40″E / 25.112°N 99.161°E / 25.112; 99.161
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceYunnan
Admin HQLongyang
Area
 • Total19,064.6 km2 (7,360.9 sq mi)
Elevation
1,677 m (5,502 ft)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total2,506,491
 • Density130/km2 (340/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
678000
Area code(s)0875
ISO 3166 codeCN-YN-05
Vehicle registration云M
Websitewww.baoshan.gov.cn

Contents

Geography and climateEdit

It is located between the border of Burma and the Lancang river (Mekong); specifically it borders the Burmese states of Kachin to the northwest and Shan to the south. The Nujiang (Salween River) flows through the entire length of the prefecture, north to south.

Tempered by the low latitude and moderate elevation, Baoshan has a mild subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb), with short, mild, dry winters, and warm, rainy summers. Frost may occur in winter but the days still generally warm up to around 16 to 17 °C (61 to 63 °F), with a January average of 9.1 °C (48.4 °F). The warmest month is June, which averages 21.5 °C (70.7 °F). Nearly three quarters of the annual rainfall occurs from June to October.

DemographyEdit

The prefecture has about 2.5 million inhabitants.

Administrative divisionsEdit

The city-prefecture of Baoshan has jurisdiction over five subdivisions—a district, one county-level city and three counties:

Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Longyang District 隆阳区 Lóngyáng Qū 935,618 5,011 187
Tengchong City 腾冲市 Téngchōng Shì 644,765 5,845 110
Shidian County 施甸县 Shīdiàn Xiàn 305,223 2,009 152
Longling County 龙陵县 Lónglíng Xiàn 277,319 2,884 96
Changning County 昌宁县 Chāngníng Xiàn 343,566 3,888 88

Tengyue, the other major populated area in the county, successfully lobbied for and achieved city status in 2015-16 and is currently in the process of separating itself and the surrounding Tengchong area from Baoshan administratively.[citation needed]

Ethnic groupsEdit

BulangEdit

According to the Baoshan Ethnic Gazetteer (2006:337), ethnic Bulang are distributed in the following villages within Baoshan City.

  • Shidian County
    • Mulaoyuan 木老元乡: Mulaoyuan 木老元, Hazhai 哈寨, Dadi 大地, Longtang 龙塘
    • Bailang Township 摆榔乡: Jici 鸡茨, Dazhong 大中, Jianshan 尖山
    • Yaoguan Township 姚关乡: Duopo 陡坡
    • Jiufang Township 酒房乡: Yakou 哑口
  • Changning County
    • Gengga Township 更嘎乡: Baicaolin 百草林, Dachushui 大出水
    • Kasi Township 卡斯镇
      • Xingu Village 新谷村: Guban 谷板, Zhongzhai 中寨
      • Kasi Village 卡斯村: Shuanglong 双龙, Yingbaizhai 应百寨, Ergoudi 二沟地

De'angEdit

The Yaojing 尧净, a subgroup of the De'ang, are located in Baizhai 白寨, Laxian 拉线, and Dagoubian 大沟边 of Mangyan Village 芒颜村 and Shiti Village 石梯村 in Lujiang Township 潞江乡, Longyang District 隆阳区 (Baoshan Ethnic Gazetteer 2006:490-491).

TransportEdit

Baoshan lies on the main road from Ruili on the Burmese border to Kunming. The Baoshan−Kunming section is completed highway, and the Baoshan-Ruili part was completed in 2016, finalizing the highway net crossing Yunnan east-to-west. It is the first finished highway between China and Myanmar.

Baoshan Airport (IATA Code: BSD) has daily flights to and from Kunming.

A railway line connecting the city via Dali to Kunming and the rest of China is under construction (2012).

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit