Bangsamoro Transition Authority
|Bangsamoro Transition Authority|
|Established||February 22, 2019|
|Polity||Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao|
|Appointed by||Members appointed by the President of the Philippines; Members are nominated by both the Moro Islamic Liberation Front and the Philippine National Government.|
With the ratification of the Bangsamoro Organic Law following a plebiscite on January 21, 2019 the abolition process of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) begins paving way for the formal creation of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region. Under the law a transition body, the Bangsamoro Transition Authority (BTA), is to be organized pending the election of the new region's government officials in 2022.
It was planned that the BTA will be constituted in February 2019. It is projected that the transition body will compose of a total of 105 members (80 appointed members and 25 elected officials of the ARMM) until June 30, 2019. After that date the body will compose of only 80 members.
Until the BTA was constituted, Section 5 of Article XVI of the Bangsamoro Organic Law provided for a caretaker body consisting of the same 25 ARMM officials as well as the original 20 members of the Bangsamoro Transition Commission.
The 80 appointed members of the BTA took their oath on February 22, 2019 with the official turnover of the ARMM to the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region occurred on February 26, 2019. The transition authority also has legislative function during the transition period, with the BTA first convening as the interim Bangsamoro Parliament on March 29, 2019.
During the transition period, the BTA as the interim parliament had obligations to complete.
The Bangsamoro Organic Law mandates interim Chief Minister Murad Ebrahim to submit to the BTA within the first 60 days of the transition period a transition plan containing the Bangsamoro government's "proposed organizational plan, as well as, the schedule for implementation therefor." It also requires the approval or action of the BTA on the proposed plan within 10 days upon its submission. If there is failure to act upon the plan within 10 days, the plan would be automatically approved and implemented within 15 days. According to Murad the start of the transition period for the purpose of submitting the transition plan was on March 29, or the inaugural session of the interim parliament. The plan's deadline is stated to be in May 2019.
The transition plan was then submitted to the Bangsamoro Parliament on June 17, 2019 and was approved by the legislature the following day.
The BTA as the interim Bangsamoro parliament is also required to pass into law "priority legislation" enumerated in the Bangsamoro Organic Law. Following the fourth session of the parliament, eight ad hoc committees were formed to draft the priority legislations.
- Arguilas, Carolyn. "Bangsamoro law ratified; how soon can transition from ARMM to BARMM begin?". MindaNews. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
- Arguillas, Carolyn (February 18, 2019). "Bangsamoro Transition Authority to take oath Feb. 20; ARMM to BARMM turnover on Feb. 25". MindaNews. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
- Arguillas, Carolyn (February 20, 2019). "Bangsamoro oathtaking reset to Feb. 22; but who will take oath?". MindaNews. Retrieved February 20, 2019.
- Arguillas, Carolyn (March 30, 2019). "Duterte to BTA: Bangsamoro's future "is now in your hands;"region awaits release of budget". MindaNews. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
- "Transition plan from ARMM to BARMM now in effect". Philippine News Agency. June 19, 2019. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
- Arguilas, Carolyn (April 22, 2019). "BTA sessions resume nearly a month after inauguration". MindaNews. Retrieved April 22, 2019.
- "BTA sets up committees for priority legislation". BusinessWorld. April 28, 2019. Retrieved April 29, 2019.