Baluarte de Santiago

The Baluarte de Santiago (Spanish for "Bastion of Santiago"), also known as the bastion of gunpowder, is located on Street Francisco Canal S/N, between Avenues Gómez Farías and 16 septiembre, in the port city of Veracruz, Veracruz, Mexico.[1]

Bastion of Santiago
Baluarte de Santiago

Baluarte de la Pólvora
Veracruz, Veracruz, Mexico
Baluarte Santiago2.jpg
Coordinates19°11′53.16″N 96°7′59.88″W / 19.1981000°N 96.1333000°W / 19.1981000; -96.1333000
Site information
Open to
the public
No, temporarily closed
StatusMuseo Baluarte de Santiago
Site history
Built forProtection of the walled city of Veracruz

It is the only surviving bastion of nine that guard the port of pirate and corsairs attacks.[2]

General view of the Bastion of Santiago in the port city of Veracruz


It is a military building that was completed in 1635. The Baluarte de Santiago was part of the construction of seven bastions that would form the defensive system of the walled city of Veracruz. The bastion was located at the southern tip of the walled city, off the coast of the Gulf of Mexico.[2] Between the 17th and 19th century, the system of bastions protected the city from pirate attacks.[3]

In 1990, the bastion was conditioned to become a museum,[4] which opened in 1991 and remained and has remained as such since then, being called now Museo Baluarte de Santiago.[5]

Joyas del PescadorEdit

Chimalli, part of the Joyas del Pescador

The Joyas del Pescador (the Fisherman's Jewels) are Prehispanic pieces of jewelry found by the octopus fisherman Raúl Hurtado in 1976 about 20 km north of the city of Veracruz, in a Colonial Spanish shipwreck. The fisherman soon had to sell the jewels, which were sold to a jeweler, which melt some of the pieces into graduation rings. At this moment, the police was searching for jewelry theft in the city, which led to the foundings of the jewels, who were noticed that the jewels were of different manufacture.[6]

The jewels were suspected to have archaeological background, which was further confirmed by specialists from the University of Veracruz and INAH.[6] The pieces were then recovered and have become property of INAH. The treasure consisted of 42 gold pieces from Mixtec origin in their original form, plus another 23 gold pieces melted by the jeweler, consisting of a total of 65 pieces,[7] which together weigh more than 7 kg.[6]

The Joyas del Pescador are exhibited in the Museo Baluarte de Santiago since 1991, which have remained until this day as a permanent exhibition.[5]


  1. ^ "Museo Local Baluarte de Santiago - Turismo cultural - Conaculta en los Estados - Conaculta". Retrieved May 27, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Baluarte de Santiago". Veracruz Turismo (in Spanish). Retrieved May 27, 2021.
  3. ^ "Museo Local Baluarte de Santiago - Turismo cultural - Conaculta en los Estados - Conaculta". Retrieved May 27, 2021.
  4. ^ "Las Joyas del Pescador". Mediateca - Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (in Spanish). Retrieved May 27, 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Museo Baluarte de Santiago". Retrieved May 27, 2021.
  6. ^ a b c "Las Joyas del Pescador". Arqueología Mexicana (in Spanish). May 21, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2021.
  7. ^ "¿Sabes dónde se encuentran Las Joyas del Pescador? - Portal Noticias Veracruz". (in Spanish). Retrieved May 27, 2021.

Coordinates: 19°11′53″N 96°08′00″W / 19.1981°N 96.1333°W / 19.1981; -96.1333