Bakenrenef (vizier)

Bakenrenef or Bakenranef was an ancient Egyptian Vizier of the North (Lower Egypt) during the reign of Psamtik I (664 – 610 BC) of the 26th Dynasty. Like Khaemwaset several centuries before, he bore the title of Iunmutef, “Cleaner of the Great House”. His father was a mayor called Padineit, while his mother was a certain Tageb.[1]

Bakenranef sarcophagus Florence.JPG
Bakenrenef's sarcophagus in Florence
Dynasty26th Dynasty
PharaohPsamtik I
BurialRock tomb in Saqqara
Era: Late Period
(664–332 BC)
Egyptian hieroglyphs

Bakenrenef is mainly known for his large rock tomb in Saqqara and its reliefs depicting scenes from the Book of the Dead and from the Amduat. The tomb was later reused for other burials during the 30th Dynasty. The decoration of the tomb was still largely intact when the Lepsius expedition discovered and copied it, in the middle of the 19th century. Since then, the grave has been vandalized: most reliefs were torn away from the walls and sold to various museums and private collectors. For about twenty years an Italian expedition worked there[1] and Bakenrenef's limestone sarcophagus is now in the National Archaeological Museum of Florence.


  1. ^ a b Diana Alexandra Pressl, Beamte und Soldaten: Die Verwaltung in der 26. Dynastie in Ägypten (664 - 525 v. Chr.), Verlag Peter Lang, Frankfurt am Main 1998, pp.168-70 and references therein.

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