Baitoa is a municipality in the Santiago Province of the Dominican Republic. Santiago is part of the northern valley of the country, otherwise known as the Cibao. It was created as a municipality on June 1, 2014.[1][2] Natives of Baitoa are known as Baitoeros. The population speaks a Cibao dialect of Dominican Spanish.

Baitoa
Baitoa is located in the Dominican Republic
Baitoa
Baitoa
Coordinates: 19°19′12″N 70°42′0″W / 19.32000°N 70.70000°W / 19.32000; -70.70000Coordinates: 19°19′12″N 70°42′0″W / 19.32000°N 70.70000°W / 19.32000; -70.70000
CountryDominican Republic
ProvinceSantiago
Established as a MunicipalityJune 1, 2014
Area
 • Total29.54 km2 (11.41 sq mi)
Elevation
250 m (820 ft)
Population
 (2014)
 • Total17,778
 • Density600/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−4

Baitoa is located east of the Yaque del Norte River, across from the town of La Zanja, and south of the city Santiago de los Caballeros. It sits near the western provincial border of La Vega.

Baitoa was likely settled by Tainos for thousands of years prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus in Hispaniola in 1492. The early Spanish colonial origins of Baitoa are largely unknown. However, we do know of parish records that go as far back as 1863. We can infer that European settlements in Baitoa is even older than the records suggest, perhaps as far back as the 1700s.

Natives of Baitoa present with a mixture of European, African, and Native American DNA based on genetic genealogical evidence, although their background is strongly biased toward Western European origins, which fits the general pattern of ethnic ancestry in the Cibao valley region of the Dominican Republic.

Baitoa was allegedly first settled by Julian Perez, a Spaniard of catalonian origins, in the early 19th century. Julian Perez was the son of Manuel Perez. His mother's name is unknown. Julian Perez was married to Baltazara Nunez Fernandez in the 1830s. He also had at least one sister named Beatriz Perez. However, this is only oral history.

Some of the original families of Baitoa include the Perez, Genao, Núñez, Pineda, Fernandez, and Franco families.

EducationEdit

The first school of Baitoa, Liceo Prof. Gabriel Franco, was founded and named after Gabriel Franco (c. 1863-1943).[3] The school is located near Carretera Santiago Baitoa, the main highway traversing the region. Franco was one of the first educators in the region of Baitoa at the turn of the 20th century. He was the son of Justo Franco and Maria Francisca Núñez, who were originally from the nearby town of Arroyo Hondo. He married Reina Julia Perez in 1883. Liceo Prof. Gabriel Franco is still open today.[4]

HealthEdit

The main hospital of Baitoa is Hospital Municipal Antonio Fernandez, incorporated on September 28, 2012.

PoliticsEdit

On June 28, 2017, the Mayor of Baitoa, Bernardo Lopez, organized a protest in front of the national palace, demanding a clean water supply system for his constituents.[5]

ReligionEdit

The local population of Baitoa are predominantly of Roman Catholic origin. One of the local churches is Iglesia San Ramon, or Saint Ramon Catholic Church.

Notable people from BaitoaEdit

ActorsEdit

SourcesEdit

ReferencesEdit