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Baileo is a custom house,[1] in Maluku and North Maluku, Indonesia.[2] The term is derived from the word bale or balai, which is a Malay word for a village meeting place.[3] The house is a representation of the Baileo Maluku culture and has an important function in the life of the community[2] that is why the structure forms part of the identity of any community in the Moluccas. There are instances where the baileo serves as a mosque or church[4] or adjacent to one.[5] This is the case when the house serves as a repository for sacred objects[1] and a place of traditional ceremonies[1] in addition to its function as a place for community meetings.[4]

The baileo, which is present in every Moluccan village, is usually a village landmark with its open architecture.[5] It also has a large size and unique appearance when compared to other buildings in its vicinity.[6][7] It is traditionally built from local materials such as planked timber, cement, stone or brick with wood shingle, and thatch or zinc roof.[3]

Recent interest in baileo emerged within the recent revival process in parts of Indonesia that seeks to reestablish traditional institutions and symbols.[8]


  1. ^ a b c "Baileo House, Traditional House Maluku from Indonesian | Unique, Exotic, Funny and More". 21 January 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Rumah Baileo". Archived from the original on 29 March 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  3. ^ a b Ellen, Roy (2012). Nuaulu Religious Practices: The Frequency and Reproduction of Rituals in Moluccan Society. Leiden: KITLV Press. p. 226. ISBN 9789067183918.
  4. ^ a b "Rumah Adat Maluku (Baileo)". Retrieved 17 May 2014.
  5. ^ a b Brosius, Peter; Tsing, Anna; Zerner, Charles (2005). Communities and Conservation: Histories and Politics of Community-Based Natural Resource Management. Lanham, MD: Rowman Altamira Press. p. 381. ISBN 0759105057.
  6. ^ "Mengenal Rumah Adat Maluku". Retrieved 17 May 2014.
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ Wiber, Melanie; Woodman, Gordon (2010). The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law 62/2010. Munster: LIT Verlag Munster. p. 19. ISBN 9783643998958.