Bahala Na Gang

The Bahala Na Gang (BNG) is a street gang founded in the Philippines which subsequently spread to the United States.

Bahala Na Gang
BNG Personal Design.png
Common logo of the Bahala Na Gang
Founding locationSampaloc, Manila, Philippines
Years active1940s–present
TerritoryPhilippines and United States
EthnicityFilipino
Criminal activitiesdrug trafficking, weapons trafficking, murder
AlliesNuestra Familia
RivalsSatanas
Bahala Na Barkada
Pinoy Real

Early historyEdit

The Bahala Na Gang was established in the early 1940s in Sampaloc, Manila, Philippines, by Divino Talastas, a native of Bulacan who was born in early 1920s and who later moved with his siblings to Sampaloc. Before the forming of the Bahala Na Gang, Divino had a brother known as "Emong" who at an early age of 13–14 was most feared in the area, known for his fighting skill, and was notorious for targeting and killing police officers. This was rooted from his early trouble with the police, when he was arrested and tortured (including the use of electricity on his genitals), allegedly in order to secure his conviction. When Emong was released, he became the top enemy for the police and soon, numerous murdered policemen followed and terror ensued. However, the authorities eventually found his whereabouts and shot him dead at the age of 15. A 5-year-old half brother witnessed how his brother's dead body moved while gunshots continued to hit the dead body. The event would have an impact to Emong's siblings, including Divino (Diving as what he was known in the area).[1]

After Emong's death, there was a struggle for territorial power as to who would lead. Another gang tried to take control: the Sige-Sige Gang. This was the Golden Period of Philippine Street Gangs. To match with the existing Sige-Sige Gang, Divino formed the Bahala Na Gang, whose name he took from the existing night bar in Sampaloc, the "Bahala Na Bar." A place known as a meeting place for tough guys around the area. This was where Diving gained a reputation for his fighting skill. Divino was only 5'6, quiet, had a soft pleasant face, but known for his skills fighting even with numerous men. He earned the respect within the criminal group. The earliest members were hardcore street fighters who were loyal to Emong; their main goal was merely to protect them from terror from other gangs. The gang spread and eventually many members of the gang were doing all kinds of criminal activities.[2] Divino himself was a regular to Iwahig Prison, and whenever he would reside there, he held a top position among inmates, as their "mayor". Before he died, Divino himself told his story to few people he knew as he reached his old age. He died in the early 1980s, after being abducted, and his body was later found inside a sack floating in a river. There was evidence of torture and most likely suffered a painful slow death, believed to be in connection with some kind of 'unfinished job' he made for one influential person of power.

The 1960sEdit

The gang continued to gain notoriety decades after the deaths of the original founders. In the 1960s, the gang eventually made their homes and territories in prisons throughout the Philippines, including New Bilibid Prison and the Bureau of Corrections. July 10, 1961 saw the highly-documented murder of Bahala Na Gang member, Roberto Monreal, who was forced to fight to a last stand after being cornered in the Manila City Jail by criminals Ramon Narciso y Contreras, Elias Gloria y Bernardino, Francisco Celso y Garcia and Rufino Peña y Guevarra.[3]

It was in this decade where notorious BNG member, Arturo Forcuna (aka Boy Golden), gained infamy. Forcuna was only forced to be inducted into the gang in desperation to survive the violence inside the Manila City Jail. In the 1960s, he became infamous for his numerous altercation with rival gangs such as the Sige-Sige Gang, at one point even surviving a beating with makeshift weapons from numerous members of the latter.[4] At this time, the Bahala Na Gang's culture of violence became more widely recorded by law enforcement and journalists. Franklin G. Ashburn in his research book entitled Some Recent Inquiries into the Structure-Function of Conflict Gangs in Manila City Jail described the gang:

"The literal translation of the title of this gang ("come what may") is an indication of its orientation. Of the four gangs, the Bahala Na's seemed to be the ones with the least organization and bound by the fewest rules, other than that of loyalty. Almost "psychopathic" in orientation, these gang members constantly referred to "thrill killings" or raiding rivals just for “the hell of it." The conflict extends beyond the limits of the rival gangs and violence may be directed toward the nearest person, whoever he might be. No explanation could be given for this behavior except that "life was hopeless" and that it really did not matter what one did if "fate" was against you. The Philippine value of "fatalism' was nowhere more apparent in the jail than with the Bahala Na members interviewed."[5]

Spread into CaliforniaEdit

The Bahala Na Gang spread into Filipino immigrant communities in the United States, especially California. Bahala Na Gang sets emerged throughout the San Diego area, Los Angeles area, San Jose, San Francisco Bay area, Stockton, Sacramento as well as the Las Vegas area in Nevada Older members are generally in their 50s and form much of the organization's base. Younger members, however, are the ones most likely to commit violent acts to prove themselves, often forming the muscle of much of the gang's drug and weapons trafficking activities.[6] Outside of drug and weapon trafficking rings gang, members are involved in murder, robbery and kidnapping among others.[7] At one point in the summer of 1990, a gang fight participated by a dozen BNG members at a taco stand killed two people and injured five. The suspects were charged with 29 counts of murder, attempted murder, assault with a deadly weapon, chaos, conspiracy, battery and other total crimes of 348 criminal counts, one of the largest a single case in California murder history.[8][2]

A well-publicized case involving the gang happened in July 2007 when BNG members Matthew N. Anderson, Jason R. Rodriguez and William K. Taylor attacked and almost mutilated a 15-year-old boy.[9] The fight started when the victim insulted the gang on social media, prompting the three (and another accomplice) to confront the boy. Using a bolo knife, the teens hacked the boy multiple times, severing his arm "almost all the way to the bone". Reports also indicated that this was also an initiation ceremony for the youths to become full members of the gang. The kid survived and the three BNG members were charged with malicious wounding.

Philippine Drug WarEdit

Since President Rodrigo Duterte started his drug war in 2016, the Bahala Na Gang became one of the highly sought-after criminal groups in the conflict. On August 17, 2017, 25 alleged criminals were killed in separate police shootouts and drug busts, one of them a member of the gang.[10] A gang member was also gunned down in a Manila street on April 18, 2019.[11] In 2017, a member by the name of Niño Baccay was captured in a buy-bust operation in Quezon City. He was convicted of the illegal sale of methamphetamine.[12] The year 2018 saw the capture of BNG member Crisanto Maguddatu in Sampaloc, Manila, by the Manila Police District after a tip and a careful surveillance.[13] A packet of shabu (methamphetamine) and a .38 caliber revolver was found in him during the raid.

In June 2020, gang members Robert Yabut y Marmol and Raymart Yabut y Marmol, were captured in a buy-bust operation together with members of the Sputnik gang.[14] Late October 2020 also saw the capture of two more members, Gerald Agustin and May Junio for three sachets of shabu worth ₱81,600.[15]

In popular cultureEdit

  • The life of infamous BNG member Arturo "Boy Golden" Porcuna has been portrayed in the film Boy Golden: Shoot to Kill in 2013 [16]
  • Bahala Na vs. Sputnik was a film released in 1995 that told the story of a gang war between the Bahala Na Gang and the Sputniks. The film starred George Estregan Jr.[17]
  • The Bahala Na Gang was featured in the Discovery Channel show Inside The Gangsters' Code episode "The Commandos" hosted by Louis Ferrante.[18]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ PADDOCK, RICHARD C. (14 March 1993). "Tahoe Towns Grapple With a Big City Problem--Gangs". Articles.latimes.com. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  2. ^ a b Bahala Na Gang; Summarized by PlexPage
  3. ^ Angeles, J. "THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, plaintiff-appellee, vs.RAMON NARCISO Y CONTRERAS, ET AL., defendants, RUFINO PEÑA Y GUEVARRA, defendant on review". Arellano Law Foundation. May 28, 1968
  4. ^ Angeles, J. "PEOPLE VS. NARCISO". Digest.ph. May 28, 1968
  5. ^ Ashburn, Franklin G. "Some Recent Inquiries into the Structure-Function of Conflict Gangs in Manila City Jail" (PDF). Asj.UPD. July 25, 2007
  6. ^ "Gang Training Manual" (PDF). Ncjrs.gov. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  7. ^ "'Sputnik,' 'Bahala Na' gang members share cells with Maguindanao massacre detainees". Gmanetwork.com. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  8. ^ "California IN BRIEF : STOCKTON : 12 Gang Members Charged in Killings". Los Angeles Times.
  9. ^ Doucette, John-Henry. "Teen's arm nearly severed in possible gang attack at Beach". The Virginian-Pilot. July 25, 2007
  10. ^ "18 killed overnight in Manila". 17 August 2017. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  11. ^ "Gang member gunned down in Manila". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 18 April 2019. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  12. ^ "Isang miyembro ng Bahala na Gang, arestado sa Quezon City dahil sa iligal na droga". RMN News. 16 September 2017. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  13. ^ Bermudo, Ludy. "Wanted na miyembro ng Bahala Na Gang, naaresto". PhilStar. September 1, 2018
  14. ^ "Ermita Police Nets Notorious Bahala Na Gang And Sputnik Members; More Than 40k Worth Of Shabu, Seized". NCRPO. 24 June 2020. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  15. ^ RMN News Team. "2 myembro ng 'Bahala Na' gang, arestado dahil sa pagtutulak ng ilegal na droga". RMN News. October 13, 2020
  16. ^ MMFF opens on Christmas Day – Solar News Archived December 28, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Solarnews.ph (December 25, 2013). Retrieved on December 31, 2013.
  17. ^ Bahala Na vs. Sputnik IMDB
  18. ^ Hincks, Joseph. "How Mobster Turned T.V. Presenter Louis Ferrante Was Unwillingly Co-Opted into Rodrigo Duterte's Propaganda Machine". Time. August 11, 2017

See alsoEdit