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Badi'ozzamān Foruzānfar (also transliterated "Badiʿ-al-Zamān Furuzanfar") (12 July 1904[1] in Boshrooyeh in Ferdows County – 6 May 1970 in Tehran) (Persian: بدیع‌الزمان فروزانفر‎, born Ziyaa' Boshrooye-i ضياء بشرويه‌ای) was a scholar of Persian literature, Iranian linguistics and culture, and an expert on Rumi (Molana Jalaleddin Balkhi) and his works. He was a distinguished professor of literature at Tehran University.

Badi'ozzamān Foruzānfar
Badǐ'ozzamān Forǔzānfar
Born(1904-07-12)July 12, 1904[citation needed]
DiedMay 6, 1970(1970-05-06) (aged 65)
Known forScholar of Persian literature, Iranian linguistics and culture, and an expert on Molana (Rumi) and his works

He is one of the "Five-Masters (Panj Ostād), five influential scholars of Persian literature, the others being Malekoshoara Bahar, Jalal Homaei, Abdolazim Gharib and Rashid Yasemi.

The critical edition of Rumi's Diwan-e Shams-e Tabrizi (in 10 volumes) by Forouzanfar is the best edition of the book available to date.[2][3] The first critical edition of Fihi ma fihi was also done by B. Forouzanfar, which is now well known in the West thanks to the selective translation of A. J. Arberry. His Ahadith-i Mathnawi is a compilation of hadith from Rumi's Masnavi.[4]

He was born to a Kurdish family. He was also a first cousin (maternal) of another famous Iranian scholar of literature, Professor Mohammad Parvin Gonabadi.

Notable studentsEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ There is conflicting information as to the date of birth of Foruzānfar. The year 1276/1897 is given in a special issue of the academic magazine of the University of Teheran in his memory: Anduhğarawi Hossein. "Ostād-e ostādān", p. 1 in: Magalle-ye Daneškade-ye Adabiyāt wa 'Olum-e Ensāni. Be yād-e ostād Badi'ozzamān Foruzānfar. Sāl-e 22, šomāre-ye 1 (89). Tehrān, 1354 (1975): publication of the University of Tehrān, [530] pag. varia. The exact date: 14.07.1276=4.09.1897 on: fa.wikipedia. But "ca. 1903" on: It is not clear, where this date of 12.07.1904 comes from.
  2. ^ Rumi: Whispers of the Beloved: Books: Jelaluddin Rumi
  3. ^ Iransaga - Jalal al-Din Rumi's Works
  4. ^ Furúzánfar, Badí'al-Zaman. Aḥadíth va qiṣaṣ-i-Mathnaví: talfiqí az dú kitáb ‘Aḥadíth-i- Mathnaví' va 'Má'khidh-i- qiṣaṣ va tamthílát-i- Mathnaví. Ed: Ḥusayn Dávúdí. 2nd edition. Amír Kabír, Teheran, 1381 (2002) (orig: 1334/1955).