Baccaurea courtallensis is a species of flowering plant belonging to the family Phyllanthaceae. It is endemic to the Western Ghats mountains in India. It is a medium size evergreen understory tree frequent in tropical wet evergreen forests of the low and mid-elevations (40-1000m). It is a Near Threatened species according to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
It is a medium size tree up to 10-18m tall and girth up to 1.3 m. Bark is grey and generally smooth or scaly. The leaves are simple, alternate and clustered at twig end. The leaf petiole is 1.2 to 3.8 cm long and swollen at both ends.
The flowers are scarlet in colour and dioecious. Inflorescence are in long stalks arranged in clusters growing on the trunk of the tree i.e. cauliflorous. Male inflorescence is clustered all over the trunk. Female inflorescence is clustered mostly at the base of the trunk. The fruit are globose, crimson coloured and ribbed.
Malayalam: Mootilpazham, Mootilthoori, Mootippuli, Mootikaya
Kannada: Kolikukke, Kodikukke, Kolakukki
Tamil: Kuran Pazam
Distribution and habitatEdit
This tree is endemic to the Western Ghats.
Flowering: Aug, Nov, Dec. Leaf buds and fruits are eaten by Nilgiri Langurs, Elephants and Lion-tailed Macaques were also known to feed on the ripe fruits.
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