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Vangeliya Pandeva Gushterova (née Surcheva; Bulgarian: Вангелия Пандева Гущерова née Сурчева; 3 October 1911 – 11 August 1996), commonly known as Baba Vanga (Bulgarian: Баба Ванга, lit. 'Grandmother Vanga'), was a Bulgarian mystic, clairvoyant, and herbalist.
Vangeliya Pandeva Surcheva
31 January 1911
|Died||11 August 1996 (aged 84)|
|Occupation||Clairvoyant and healer|
(m. 1942; died 1962)
Blind since early childhood, Gushterova spent most of her life in the Rupite area in the Kozhuh mountains in Bulgaria. Zheni Kostadinova claimed in 1997 that millions of people believed she possessed paranormal abilities.
Vanga was born in 1911 to Pando Surchev (7 May 1873 – 8 November 1940) and Paraskeva Surcheva in Strumica of the Ottoman Empire before the city was ceded to Bulgaria in 1912. She was a premature baby who suffered from health complications. In accordance with local tradition, the baby was not given a name until it was deemed likely to survive. When the baby first cried out, a midwife went into the street and asked a stranger for a name. The stranger proposed Andromaha (Andromache), but this was rejected for being "too Greek" during a period of anti-Hellenic sentiment within Macedonian Bulgarian society. Another stranger's proposal was a Greek name, but since she was Bulgarian: Vangelia (from Evangelos).[note 1]
In her childhood, Vangelia was an ordinary child with brown eyes and blonde hair. Her father was an Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization activist, conscripted into the Bulgarian Army during World War I, and her mother died soon after. This left Vanga dependent on the care and charity of neighbours and close family friends for much of her youth. After the war, Strumica was ceded to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (i.e. Yugoslavia). Yugoslav authorities arrested her father because of his pro-Bulgarian activity. They confiscated all his property and the family fell into poverty for many years. Vanga was considered intelligent for her age. Her inclinations started to show up when she herself thought out games and loved playing "healing" – she prescribed some herbs to her friends, who pretended to be ill. Her father, being a widower, eventually remarried, thus providing a stepmother to his daughter.
According to her own testimony, a turning point in her life occurred when a 'tornado' allegedly lifted her into the air and threw her in a nearby field. She was found after a long search. Witnesses described her as very frightened, and her eyes were covered with sand and dust, she was unable to open them because of the pain. There was money only for a partial operation to heal the injuries she had sustained. This resulted in a gradual loss of sight.
In 1925 Vanga was brought to a school for the blind in the city of Zemun, in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, where she spent three years, and was taught to read Braille, play the piano, as well as do knitting, cooking, and cleaning. After the death of her stepmother she had to go back home to take care of her younger siblings. Her family was very poor, and she had to work all day.
In 1939 Vanga contracted pleurisy, although it remained largely inactive for some years. The doctor's opinion was that she would die soon, but she quickly recovered.
During World War II, Yugoslavia was invaded and dismembered by the Axis powers and Strumica was annexed by Bulgaria. At that time Vanga attracted believers in her ability to heal and soothsay – a number of people visited her, hoping to get a hint about whether their relatives were alive, or seeking for the place where they died. On 8 April 1942 the Bulgarian tzar Boris III visited her.
On 10 May 1942, Vanga married Dimitar Gushterov, a Bulgarian soldier from the village of Krandzhilitsa near Petrich, who had come asking for the killers of his brother but had to promise her not to seek revenge. Shortly before marriage, Dimitar and Vanga moved to Petrich, where she soon became well-known. Dimitar was then conscripted in the Bulgarian Army and had to spend some time in Northern Greece, which was annexed by Bulgaria at the time. He got another illness in 1947, fell into alcoholism, and eventually died on 1 April 1962.
She continued to be visited by dignitaries and commoners. After the World War II, Bulgarian politicians and leaders from different Soviet Republics, including General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Leonid Brezhnev, sought her counsel; in the 1990s, a church was built in Rupite by Bogdan Tomalevski with money left by her visitors. Vanga died on 11 August 1996 from breast cancer. Her funeral attracted large crowds.
Vanga was semi-literate in Bulgarian; she could read some Braille in Serbian, as she learned in Zemun. She did not write any books herself. What she said or allegedly said had been captured by staff members. Later, numerous esoteric books on Vanga's life and predictions were written.
Sources such as The Weiser Field Guide to the Paranormal claim that she foretold the break-up of the Soviet Union, the Chernobyl disaster, the date of Stalin's death, the sinking of the Russian submarine Kursk, the September 11 attacks, Topalov's victory in the world chess tournament, the tensions with North Korea. On the other hand, Bulgarian sources say that the people who were close to her claim that she never prophesied about Kursk, World War III, circulating on the Internet, and that many of the myths about Vanga are simply not true. Some evidence has also been presented that Baba Vanga did not make many of the predictions now attributed to her, but rather people frequently attribute new fake "prophecies" to her since her death, and the lack of a written record of her prophecies, makes any prediction attributed to her difficult to disprove.
In 1966, following her increases in her popularity and overwhelming numbers to people wanting to see her, the Bulgarian government put Vanga on the state payroll. She was given two secretaries and a panel to interview potential patients. In addition, the Institutes of Suggestology and Parapsychology in Sofia and Petrich studied Vanga's psychic abilities.
In early August 1976, Yugoslav actress and singer Silvana Armenulić was on tour in Bulgaria and decided to meet with Baba Vanga. Vanga only sat and stared out a window with her back to Silvana, never speaking to her. After a long time, Vanga finally spoke: "Nothing. You do not have to pay. I do not want to speak with you. Not now. Go and come back in three months." As Silvana turned around and walked towards the door, Vanga said: "Wait. In fact, you will not be able to come. Go, go. If you can come back in three months, do so." Silvana took this as confirmation that she would die and left Vanga's home in tears. Armenulić died two months later, 10 October 1976, in a car crash with her sister Mirjana.
Vanga incorrectly predicted that the 1994 FIFA World Cup Final would be played between "two teams beginning with B." One finalist was Brazil, but Bulgaria was eliminated by Italy in the semifinals. According to The National, Vanga predicted that World War III would start in November 2010 and last until October 2014.
Followers of Vanga believe that she predicted the precise date of her own death, dreaming that she would die on 11 August, and be buried on 13 August. Shortly before that she had said that a ten-year-old blind girl living in France was to inherit her gift, and that people would soon hear about her.
Another prediction attributed to her is that the 45th President of the United States would be the country's last Commander-in-chief in favor of the country. It has also been claimed that Vanga correctly predicted the 44th President would be African-American. Vanga's supporters also claimed that she predicted the 45th president will be with a "messianic personality," who will be faced with a crisis that eventually "brings the country down."
Studies on Baba VangaEdit
An attempt was made in 2011 to systematically summarize the existing knowledge about Vanga in the documentary Vanga: The Visible and Invisible World. The movie includes interviews with some of the people who met Vanga in person, including Sergey Medvedev (press secretary to the then President of Russia Boris Yeltsin in 1995–96; who visited as Yeltsin's envoy), Neshka Robeva (Bulgarian rhythmic gymnast and coach), Sergey Mikhalkov (Soviet and Russian writer, author of the Soviet Union anthem), Nevena Tosheva (director of the first documentary about Vanga), Kirsan Ilyumzhinov (Kalmyk multi-millionaire businessman and politician). According to the documentary, Baba Vanga predicted Yeltsin's second electoral victory in 1995, and warned him about his heart condition.
Several researchers have studied the phenomenon of Vanga in the attempt to establish whether she has any extraordinary capabilities. One of the first studies was initiated by the Bulgarian government and is described in the 1977 movie Fenomen directed by Nevena Tosheva. Bulgarian psychiatrists Nicola Shipkovensky [bg] and Georgi Lozanov also studied the capabilities of Vanga. According to Jeffrey Mishlove, about 80% of predictions of Vanga turned out to be accurate.[page needed]
Additionally a book was written about her by Russian writer and publicist Andrei Kudin who has written multiple books about Bulgarian and Chinese history.
In popular culture and criticismEdit
The supposed clairvoyant's predictions, political speculations with them, and their criticism continue to appear in the mass media in different countries and in different languages.
Her supposed predictions and persona remain popular in parts of Southeast Europe, primarily Bulgaria and North Macedonia, as well as parts of Eastern Europe, especially Russia. Russian publications related to the mysterious prophetess are numerous. "The Great Encyclopedia of Vanga" is a Russian online project, dedicated to her.
RAS Academician Ye. B. Aleksandrov, Chairman of the Commission for Combating Pseudoscience and Falsification of Scientific Research, referring to the opinion of another member of the commission, Yuri Gorny, described the Vanga phenomenon as follows:
Vanga is a well-promoted state business, thanks to which the provincial region has become a place of pilgrimage for crowds from all over the world. Do you know who prayed to Wanga the most? Taxi drivers, waiters in cafes, hotel staff are people who, thanks to the "clairvoyant," had excellent stable earnings. All of them willingly collected preliminary information for Vanga: where the person came from, why, what he hopes for. And Vanga then laid out this information to clients as if she saw them herself. They helped with the dossier on clients and special services, under whose cover the state brand worked. The same Bekhtereva, who went to Vanga, said that it was possible to get to the reception only with the permission of the special services.
A. L. Dvorkin in his memoirs cites the case of Metropolitan Nathanael, who was invited by Vanga to his house, since she conveyed through the messengers that she needed advice. However, after the Metropolitan visited Vanga with a relic cross with a particle of the Holy Cross of the Lord, the following happened:
Suddenly she broke off and in a changed - low, hoarse - voice with an effort she said: “Someone has come here. Let him immediately throw IT on the floor!" "What is it?" - the stunned people asked Vanga. And then she broke into a frantic cry: “THIS! He holds IT in his hands! THIS prevents me from speaking! Because of THIS, I can't see anything! I don't want THAT to be in my house!" The old woman yelled, kicking and swaying.
Unfulfilled predictions and myths associated with VangaEdit
Vanga's name is often mentioned in the pages of the yellow press. Vanga is credited with various predictions, which often contradict each other. There are no documented opinions that Vanga predicted the death of Stalin, the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, the victory of Boris Yeltsin in the 1996 presidential elections, the September 11 attacks, as well as Topalov's victory at the World Chess Championship. In early 1993, Vanga seemed to announce that the USSR would be revived in the first quarter of the XXI century and Bulgaria would be part of it. And in Russia many new people will be born who will be able to change the world. In 1994, Vanga predicted: “At the beginning of the XXI century, humanity will get rid of cancer. The day will come, and the cancer will be chained in 'iron chains.'" She clarified these words in such a way that "the medicine against cancer should contain a lot of iron." She also believed that a cure for old age would be invented. It will be made from the hormones of a horse, a dog and a turtle: “The horse is strong, the dog is hardy, and the turtle lives a long time.” Before her death, Wanga said: “There will come a time of miracles and a time of great discoveries in the field of the immaterial. There will also be great archaeological discoveries that will fundamentally change our understanding of the world since ancient times. So it is predetermined.” For example, after the "Fukushima" nuclear accident to "Komsomolskaya Pravda" reported the impending nuclear disaster, which allegedly predicted Vanga: "As a result of fallout of radioactive fallout in the northern hemisphere will not be any animals or vegetation," and after 2.5 years reluctantly recognized this prophecy as unfulfilled.
At the same time, people who knew Vanga personally say that she did not give predictions about the death of the Kursk submarine, like other events, and most of all these messages are myths and not true. There are numerous cases attributed to Vanga did not actually come true. For example, it was predicted that in the final of the World Cup 1994 will fight "two teams that start with the letter 'B'," but in the finals of all countries whose names start with the letter "B," was released only Brazil, in the while Bulgaria lost in the semifinals to Italy and remained fourth. Wanga allegedly predicted that the third world war will begin in November 2010 and will end in October 2014. According to the testimony of Vanga's close friends, she never predicted the outbreak of World War III and the subsequent end of the world.
Unfulfilled predictions of Vanga (from the book by L. Orlova "Vanga. A Look at Russia"):
- 2010: The World War will begin in November 2010 and end in October 2014. It will start as usual, then nuclear weapons will be used first, and then chemical weapons.
- 2011: As a result of the fallout of radioactive fallout, neither animals nor vegetation will remain in the Northern Hemisphere. Then Muslims will start a chemical war against the surviving Europeans.
- 2014: Most people will suffer from ulcers, skin cancer, and other skin diseases as a consequence of chemical warfare.
- 2016: Europe will be almost deserted.
Anatoly Stroyev, who was in 1985-1989 his own correspondent for Komsomolskaya Pravda in Bulgaria, believes that in the USSR about Vanga" journalists invented sensations for the sake of circulation." He spoke about several cases when Wanga was grossly mistaken. The first was his arrival with a journalist who was heading to Vanga for help, and she said that she would never marry and would not have children, although after returning to Moscow, she married and gave birth to a daughter within a year. In the second case, in the late 1980s, several children disappeared in Volgograd at one time, and two correspondents from a popular magazine went to Vanga, who allegedly told them that the children were alive and would soon be found, but they were never found. The third case was history in 1991, when during the war in Croatia, Soviet journalists Viktor Nogin and Gennady Kurinnoy disappeared, and Vanga said they were both alive, although it was later revealed that they were shot on charges of espionage for Croatia. Stroyev also refutes the well-known myth about the "alarm clock for Gagarin," which the clairvoyant's niece Krasimira Stoyanov cites in her book "The Truth About Vanga," when the actor Vyacheslav Tikhonov allegedly came to Vanga, and the latter told him, "Why didn't you fulfill the wishes of your best friend Yuri Gagarin? Before his last flight, he came to your home and said: 'I have no time, so buy an alarm clock and keep it on your desk. Let this alarm remind you of me.'" After that, Tikhonov allegedly became ill. Subsequently, Tikhonov allegedly said that after the death of Gagarin, he, grievingly experiencing the death of his friend, forgot to buy an alarm clock. Stroyev notes that in 1990, at the premiere of the film “The Crazy Bus,” he met Tikhonov in the cinema and said: “Vyacheslav Vasilyevich, comment on the story with Vanga!" Tikhonov, in turn, said: “In one word? Lies! I beg you, write: there was nothing of the kind. I didn’t promise Gagarin any alarm clock! Yes, we didn’t know each other. I saw him only from a distance at official events, nothing more.”
In addition, Stroyev notes that the prediction attributed to Vanga about the sinking of the Russian submarine "Kursk" is a pseudo-prophecy, which, even during her lifetime and long before the sinking of Kursk, was "refuted from her words by journalist Ventsislav Zashev."
Former President of the USSR Mikhail Gorbachev denied that he was with Vanga and she predicted the collapse of the USSR. At the same time, Gorbachev said that “even before I came to power, her forecast that Mikhail would come to rule” was conveyed, but noted that “all this is, by and large, nonsense,” since he is “very critical” of "psychics, clairvoyants and others” and does not trust the seers.
In a 1997 interview, Bedros Kirkorov said that there was no special prophecy about the fate of his son Philip. Despite this, the media is circulating a legend about the role that Wanga allegedly played in the life of the Kirkorov family. It is stated that after Philip fell ill at the age of four, his parents took him to Vanga, who stated that the boy would recover, and also predicted that he would have a great future, since she allegedly saw him with a metal stick on the mountain around which admired people gathered, which is interpreted as the performance of Philip with a microphone at the music Olympus. At the same time, Wanga allegedly predicted that he would marry at the age of twenty-seven to a woman with a name beginning with the letter "A," and the birth of a daughter at 44 from a surrogate mother.
In 2004, the illusionist Yuri Gorny, in an interview with the magazine "Science and Life," said that the famous journalist and diplomat AE Bovin, who visited Vanga, noted that she "absolutely did not guess anything in his past, or in the present, or, as it soon turned out, in the near future." Gorny himself recalled that he offered his acquaintance a well-known journalist, whose last name he did not name "for reasons that will become clear a little later," to check the perspicacity of Vanga and her possible informants. To do this, he suggested to the journalist, whom the hospitable hosts, who helped him arrange a meeting with Vanga, invited to the sauna, “before visiting the bath, seal a part of the scrotum with a plaster. He recommended not to answer questions, if any. Just make it clear that he does not want to talk on this topic.” When a meeting with Vanga took place a week later, she, as Gorny notes, “described quite accurately what happened to my acquaintance in the past, which, however, is not very surprising: he is a famous person, he would have been able to learn about his life in a week and an ordinary astrologer.” Regarding Vanga's prediction of the future, according to Gorny, the following happened:
“You will be fine at work,” Vanga said approximately, “but personal relationships will not develop very well. Unfortunately, serious problems with the reproductive organs will not allow you to create a full-fledged family." My friend later told me what efforts he had to keep from laughing.
The attitude of the special services of Bulgaria and the USSREdit
Retired KGB Lieutenant General Oleg Leonov sent Soviet psychic Vladimir Safonov to Bulgaria several times to study Vanga, who, as Leonov believed, "was more abruptly than a Bulgarian healer in his abilities."
Retired KGB Lieutenant Colonel Yevgeny Sergienko noted that "she was often mistaken, but it was not customary to disclose it," since "people of the highest flight were sent to Vanga," and therefore she was "a way of obtaining information" for the KGB. Sergienko expressed the opinion that "it cannot be said that Vanga worked for the KGB, but her assistants cooperated with us," because with their help "our agents received the necessary information." And for this, special services "in every possible way contributed to the formation of legends about miraculous healers on a mass scale." Sergienko said that he knows "a Bulgarian journalist who was targeted by the special services to promote the popularity of Vanga," and he launched the legend about the healer, which the Bulgarian special services helped to develop further, since "it was beneficial for both them and the KGB."
- NOTES FROM HISTORY: Lelya Vanga
- "The blind mystic who 'predicted the rise of Isis'". The Independent. 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2020-11-10.
- Morrow, Daniel (2020-10-03). "Blind mystic Baba Vanga 'predicted Donald Trump's coronavirus plight'". Daily Record. Retrieved 2020-11-10.
- Kettley, Sebastian (2020-10-11). "Baba Vanga 2020: Did the blind mystic predict coronavirus? COVID-19 will be 'all over us'". Express.co.uk. Retrieved 2020-11-10.
- The Weiser Field Guide to the Paranormal: Abductions, Apparitions, ESP, Synchronicity, and More Unexplained Phenomena from Other Realms, Judith Joyce, Weiser Books, 2011, ISBN 1609252985, pp. 21-25.
- The History of Bulgaria, The Greenwood histories of the modern nations, Frederick B. Chary, ABC-CLIO, 2011, ISBN 0313384460, pp. 145-146.
- In Search of Destiny: The Universe and Man, Robert A. Welcome, AuthorHouse, 2012, ISBN 147723747X, pp. 35-36.
- Прoрoчeствaтa на Вaнгa. Жeни Кoстaдинoвa, Издателство Труд, ISBN 954-528-074-3,Страници 696.
- Честотно-тълковен речник на личните имена у българите, Николай П. Ковачев, Държавно издателство "Д-р Петър Берон", 1987 г. стр. 58. Dictionary of Personal Names of the Bulgarians, Nikolai P. Kovatchev State Publishing House "Dr Petar Beron", 1987, p 58. (Bg.)
- Стоянова, Красимира. Ванга ясновидящая. София, "Вариант", "Два слона", 1991. ISBN 5808600316. с. 30.
- The truth about Vanga, p. 42
- The truth about Vanga, pp. 43-44
- Joyce, Judith (2010). The Weiser Field Guide to the Paranormal: Abductions, Apparitions. Weiser Books. ISBN 978-1-60925-298-4.
- The truth about Vanga, pp. 61-65, 69-70, 80-81
- Stephen Kinzer, "Rupite Journal; For a Revered Mystic, a Shrine Now of Her Own", "The New York Times", April 5, 1995. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
- The Greenwood encyclopedia of women's issues worldwide, Volume 3, Author Lynn Walter, Publisher Greenwood Press, 2003, p. 110.
- The History of Bulgaria, The Greenwood Histories of the Modern Nations, Author Frederick B. Chary, Publisher ABC-CLIO, 2011, ISBN 0313384479, p. 145.
- Pilgrimage and Sacred Places in Southeast Europe: History, Religious Tourism and Contemporary Trends, Editors Mario Katic, Tomislav Klarin, Mike McDonald, Publisher LIT Verlag Münster, 2014, ISBN 3643905041, p. 85.
- Prophetess Baba Vanga's Petrich house becomes museum, The Sofia Echo
- Press Review, "Notes from History: Baba Vanga", by Lucy Cooper, Sofia Echo December 19, 2005
- Joyce, Judith (2010). "Baba Vanga". The Weiser Field Guide to the Paranormal. San Francisco, CA: Red Wheel/Weiser. pp. 21–25. ISBN 978-1-57863-488-0. Retrieved 1 January 2011.
- on YouTube
- Баба Ванга не е предсказвала края на света
- "Non, la «voyante» bulgare Baba Vanga n’a pas prédit une guerre mondiale en 2016". Metro, November 15, 2016.
- Ostrander, Sheila; Schroeder, Lynn (1973). "Chapter 21 Vanga Dimitrova, the Bulgarian Oracle". PSI Psychic Discoveries Behind The Iron Curtain. London, UK: Abacus/Sphere Books Ltd. pp. 267–289. ISBN 0-349-12670-4. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
- "Srpski Nišvil". Vreme. 26 December 2013. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
- "Silvana Armenulic – Biografija". Archived from the original on November 17, 2011. Retrieved 2016-01-05.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- "Srpski Nišvil". Nedeljnik Vreme. Retrieved 2020-07-25.
- Stephen Kinzer: "Rupite Journal; For a Revered Mystic, a Shrine Now of Her Own", The New York Times, April 5, 1995.
- McLain, Sean (January 1, 2011). "The year that wasn't: failed predictions of 2010". The National. Archived from the original on 2013-05-20.
- "Baba Vanga: Who is the blind mystic who 'predicted the rise of Isis'?". The Independent. 8 December 2015.
- Pascaline, Mary. Will Trump Be President? 'Nostradamus From The Balkans' Baba Vanga Said Obama Will Be Last US Chief International Business Times. December 30, 2016.
- Mack, Eric. 7 Dumb Predictions For 2016 That Didn't Happen Forbes. December 31, 2016.
- Fair warning: Bulgarian prophet predicted Obama would be last U.S. president
- Donovan, Francesca. Blind Mystic Baba Vanga Made Scary WW3 Prediction UNILAD. April 20, 2017.
- Willis, Amy. Baba Vanga was right about Trump. But will the 45th president be ‘peacemaker’? Metro UK. January 20, 2017.
- Dawson, James. Psychic Baba Vanga Had Some Pretty Grim Stuff To Say About World War III LADbible. April 21, 2017.
- "Зачем Ванга звала к себе Бориса Ельцина?". Комсомольская правда. 27 Jan 2011. Retrieved 11 June 2011.
- "Fenomenat". IMDB. Retrieved 11 June 2011.
- Mishlove, Jeffrey (1975). "Psionics". The Roots of Consciousness. Random House. ISBN 0-394-73115-8. Retrieved 11 June 2011.
- Andrei Kudin. Bulgarian Mysteries: From Andrew the Apostle to Mystic Baba Vanga (англ.). - Independently published, 2019. - ISBN 978-179-4512-84-9 .
- Vangelia on the official site of Favorite Film. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
- Зорница Стоилова, "Защо се върна Ванга", Bulgarian weekly business newspaper "Capital", April 4, 2014. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
- "Regarding Vanga and "Vangelia" Archived 2016-01-11 at the Wayback Machine, talk show of the Bulgarian National Television about the Russian TV series, March 19, 2014. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
- Documentary "Baba Vangja, the last Macedonian prophet" Archived 2017-12-25 at the Wayback Machine, shot by the Macedonian "Kanal 5", August 23, 2014. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
- "The secrets of Baba Vanga's predictions", Croatian daily newspaper "24sata", November 11, 2015. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
- "You'll marry a man in white", prediction about Lepa Brena's marriage, Serbian online media "Telegraf", December 8, 2015. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
- "Global media on Baba Vanga. Bulgarian prophetess predicted the emergence of the Islamic State?", Serbian tabloid newspaper "Blic", December 8, 2015. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
- "The Great Encyclopedia of Vanga". Retrieved December 11, 2015.
- According to Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, At the beginning of the 20th century Bulgarians constituted the majority of the population in the region of Macedonia. They are described in the encyclopaedia as "Slavs, the bulk of which is regarded by almost all independent sources as Bulgarians": 1,150,000, whereof, 1,000,000 Orthodox and 150,000 Muslims (the so-called Pomaks); Turks: ca. 500,000 (Muslims); Greeks: ca. 250,000, whereof ca. 240,000 Orthodox and 14,000 Muslims; Albanians: ca. 120,000, whereof 10,000 Orthodox and 110,000 Muslims; Vlachs: ca. 90,000 Orthodox and 3,000 Muslims; Jews: ca. 75,000; Roma: ca. 50,000, whereof 35,000 Orthodox and 15,000 Muslims; In total 1,300,000 Christians (almost exclusively Orthodox), 800,000 Muslims, 75,000 Jews, a total population of ca. 2,200,000 for the whole of Macedonia.
- Стоянова [Stoyanova], Красимира [Krasimira] (1996). Истината за Ванга [The truth about Vanga] (in Bulgarian). Sofia: Balgarski Pisatel. ISBN 954-443-170-5.
- Ostrander, Sheila; Schroeder, Lynn (1970). "Vanga Dimitrova: The Bulgarian Oracle". Psychic discoveries behind the Iron Curtain. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. pp. 259–281. ISBN 978-0-13-732230-5.
- Valtchinova, Galia (2005). "Vanga, la "Pythie bulgare": idées et usages de l'Antiquité en Bulgarie socialiste". Dialogues d'histoire ancienne (in French). 31 (1): 93–127. doi:10.3406/dha.2005.2487. Retrieved 1 January 2011.
- Ivanov, Petko; Izmirlieva, Valentina (2003). "Betwixt and Between: The Cult of Living Saints in Contemporary Bulgaria". Folklorica, Journal of the Slavic and East European. 8 (1): 33–53. Retrieved 1 January 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Baba Vanga.|
- Stephen Kinzer: Rupite Journal; For a Revered Mystic, a Shrine Now of Her Own in The New York Times, April 5, 1995
- An article by Natalia Baltzun, translated by Kristina Hristova (Bulgaria) (in Russian)
- Vanga's Prophecies: Product of the Bulgarian Secret Services (in Russian)