Ba 'Alawi sada
The Ba 'Alawi sadah or Sadah Ba 'Alawi (Arabic: السادة آل باعلوي, romanized: al-sādatu al-bā'alawiy) are a group of Hadhrami Sayyid families and social group originating in Hadhramaut in the southwest corner of the Arabian Peninsula. They trace their lineage to Sayyid al-Imam Ahmad al-Muhajir bin Isa ar-Rumi born in 873 (260H), who emigrated from Basra to Hadhramaut in 931 (320H) to avoid sectarian violence, including the invasion of the Qaramite forces into the Abbasid Caliphate.
|Current region||Brunei, Yemen, United Arab Emirates, India, Somalia, Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Maldives, Comoros, Saudi Arabia, South Africa|
|Place of origin||Hadhramaut|
|Members||Clan: Al Mushayyakh, al-Aydarusi, al-Attas, al-Basakut, al-Saqqaf, al-Shahab, al-Haddad, al Jamalullail, al-Habshi, al-Hamid, al-Khirid, al-Sheikh AbuBakr, Ba Faqih, Banahsan, al-Qadri, al-Haddar, al-Jufri and others|
|Connected families||al-Rayyan, Thangal, Nuwaythi, Ba Mashkoor, Ba Rumaidaan, Ba Hamaam, al-Amoodi, Ba Naeemi, Ba Hammudi|
The word Sadah or Sadat (Arabic: سادة) is a plural form of word Arabic: سيد (Sayyid), while the word Ba 'Alawi or Bani 'Alawi means descendants of Alwi (Bā is a Hadhramaut dialect form of Bani). In sum, Ba'alawi are Sayyids people who have a blood descendant of the Islamic prophet Muhammad through Alawi bin Ubaidullah bin Ahmad al-Muhajir. Meanwhile, Alawiyyin (Arabic: العلويّن; al-`alawiyyin) Sayyid term is used to describe descendants of Ali bin Abi Talib from Husain ibn Ali (Sayyids) and Hasan ibn Ali (Sharifs). All people of Ba 'Alawi are Alawiyyin Sayyids through Husain ibn Ali, but not all people of Alawiyyin family are of Ba 'Alawi.
Imam al-Muhajir's grandson Alawi was the first Sayyid to be born in Hadhramaut, and the only one of Imam al-Muhajir's descendants to produce a continued line; the lineages of Imam al-Muhajir's other grandsons, Basri and Jadid, were cut off after several generations. Accordingly, Imam Al-Muhajir's descendants in Hadhramaut hold the name Bā 'Alawi ("descendants of Alawi").
The Ba 'Alawi Sadah have since been living in Hadhramaut in Southern Yemen, maintaining the Sunni Creed in the fiqh school of Shafii. In the beginning, a descendant of Imam Ahmad Muhajir who became scholar in Islamic studies was called Imam, then Sheikh, but later called Habib.
It was only since 1700 AD they began to migrate  in large numbers out of Hadhramaut across all over the globe, often to practice da'wah (Islamic missionary work). Their travels had also brought them to the Southeast Asia. These hadhrami immigrants blended with their local societies unusual in the history of diasporas. For example, the House of Jamalullail of Perlis is descended from the Ba 'Alawi. Habib Salih of Lamu, Kenya was also descended from the Ba 'Alawi. In Indonesia, quite a few of these migrants married local women (or men, though much less), sometimes nobility or even royal families, and their descendants then became sultans or kings, such as in Sultanate of Pontianak or in Sultanate of Siak Indrapura.
List of FamiliesEdit
- Anne K. Bang, Sufis and Scholars of the Sea: Family Networks in East Africa, 1860–1925, Routledge, 2003, pg 12
- Ibrahim, Ahmad; Sharon Siddique; Yasmin Hussain, eds. (December 31, 1985). Readings on Islam in Southeast Asia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 407. ISBN 978-9971-988-08-1.
- Ulrike Freitag; William G. Clarence-Smith, eds. (1997). Hadhrami Traders, Scholars and Statesmen in the Indian Ocean, 1750s to 1960s. 57 (illustrated ed.). BRILL. p. 9. ISBN 978-90-04-10771-7.
- "أنسآب السادة العلويين آل باعلوي". Shabwaah Press. Retrieved September 11, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Gelar Keluarga Alawiyyin Habaib" (in Indonesian). Retrieved September 11, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Dostal, Walter (22 April 2005). The Saints of Hadramawt. ISBN 9781850436348..
- Dostal, Walter; Wolfgang Kraus, eds. (2005). Shattering Tradition: Custom, Law and the Individual in the Muslim Mediterranean (print). New York: I.B. Tauris. pp. 233–253.
- Manger, Leif, O (2010). The Hadrami Diaspora: Community-Building on the Indian Ocean Rim. Berghahn Books. ISBN 978-1-84545-742-6.
- Azra, Azyumardi (1994). The transmission of Islamic reformism to Indonesia : networks of Middle Eastern and Malay-Indonesian 'Ulama' in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries (Ph.D dissertation, 1992). Ann Arbor, Mich: U.M.I.