Azaad (1955 film)

Azaad (transl. Free) is a 1955 Indian Hindi-language action comedy film produced and directed by S. M. Sriramulu Naidu. It was the top grossing Hindi film in the year of its release, and one of the biggest Hindi film hits in the decade. In addition, Dilip Kumar won his second Filmfare Award for Best Actor for his work in this movie.

Azaad (1955).jpg
Directed byS. M. Sriramulu Naidu
Screenplay byRajendra Krishan
Story byVenkatarama Ramalingam Pillai
Produced byS. M. Sriramulu Naidu
StarringDilip Kumar
Meena Kumari
CinematographySailen Bose
Edited byVeluswamy
Music byC. Ramchandra
Distributed byPakshiraja Studios
Release date
  • 1955 (1955)
Running time
151 mins

C. Ramchandra was the music director. Hit songs from the movie include "Aplam Chaplam", sung by Lata Mangeshkar and Usha Mangeshkar and "Na Bole Na Bole", sung by Lata Mangeshkar. The movie was a remake of director's own 1954 Tamil film Malaikkallan.[1]


After her widower father, Kedarnath, passes away, Shobha goes to live with her father's friend Charandas and his wife Shanta, who had their son go missing as a child. Years later, Shobha is now matured and Charandas scouts for a suitable groom. A wealthy man, Sundar, would like to marry Shobha, but the family detests him. Then one night Shobha is abducted. The Police are informed but their search is in vain. A few days later, they get wind that Shobha may be in Sundar's custody, and a search proves to be in vain. Then Shobha returns home and tells them that she was rescued by a wealthy man named Azaad, housed in a mansion, looked after very well and brought back home all in one piece. They subsequently find out that the wealthy man is none other than a notorious bandit named Azaad. They are even more shocked when Shobha informs them that she wants to marry Azaad. Will Charandas and Shanta permit her to marry a bandit?


Cast according to the opening credits of the film[2]


The music was composed by C. Ramchandra and the songs were written by Rajendra Krishna. According to author, musicologist and film critic Rajesh Subramanian, Naushad was first offered to compose the songs. He refused when Naidu insisted that the songs had to be composed in a week. Hence, C. Ramchandra was signed on and the melodies were composed in record time. According to a book published by Raju Bharatan, Naidu requested Naushad to compose ten tunes within 30 days, for which he would get his "due payment". To this, Naushad purpotedly said: "Naidusaab, yeh koi baniye ki dukaan samjha aapne? Ek gaana nahi milega aapko tees din main". (Naidusaab, do you think this is a baniya store? You will not get even one song in 30 days.)[3]

Song Singer
"Na Bole, Na Bole" Lata Mangeshkar
"Kitni Jawan Hai Raat" Lata Mangeshkar
"Dekho Ji Bahaar Aayi" Lata Mangeshkar
"Ja Ri O Kari Badariya" Lata Mangeshkar
"Pi Ke Daras Ko Taras" Lata Mangeshkar
"Kitna Haseen Hai Mausam, Kitna Haseen Safar Hai" Lata Mangeshkar, C. Ramchandra
"Aplam Chaplam, Chap Laiteri Duniya Ko Chhod" Lata Mangeshkar, Usha Mangeshkar
"Baliye O Baliye, Chal Chhaliye" Lata Mangeshkar, Usha Mangeshkar
"Marna Bhi Mohabbat Mein" Raghunath Jadhav


  1. ^ "Azaad was what the doctor had prescribed for Dilip Kumar". The Indian Express. 7 September 2014. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  2. ^ Naidu, S. M. S. (1955). Azaad (motion picture) (in Hindi). Pakshiraja Studios. Opening credits, from 0:08, 0:30 to 0:50.
  3. ^ "Why Lata Mangeshkar cancelled song recordings". Rediff. Retrieved 29 August 2020.

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