Awashimaura (粟島浦村, Awashimaura-mura) is a village located in Niigata Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 July 2019[update], the village had an estimated population of 353, and a population density of 36.1 persons per km2. The total area of the village is 9.78 square kilometres (3.78 sq mi).
Awashimaura village hall
Location of Awashimaura in Niigata Prefecture
|Region||Chūbu (Kōshin'etsu) (Hokuriku)|
|• Total||9.78 km2 (3.78 sq mi)|
(July 1, 2019)
|• Density||36/km2 (93/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|• Flower||Lilium maculatum|
|Address||1513-11 Hinomiyama, Awashimaura-mura, Iwafune-gun, Niigata-ken 959-3265|
Awashimaura has a Humid climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm, wet summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Awashimaura is 12.0 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2059 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.1 °C, and lowest in January, at around 0.5 °C.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Awashimaura has declined steadily over the past 40 years.
The island of Awashima has been inhabited since prehistoric times, and fragments of Jōmon period pottery have been found. The Asuka period general Abe no Hirafu conquered the island from its native Emishi inhabitants and brought it under the control of the Yamato dynasty. During the Edo period, the island passed between Murakami Domain, Shōnai Domain and direct control by the Tokugawa Shogunate several times. During the Boshin War, the Schnell brothers offloaded weapons for Shōnai Domain at Awashima. After the Meiji restoration, the village of Asahimaura was created in 1909 as part of Iwafune District, Niigata Prefecture. The epicentre of the 1964 Niigata earthquake was near Awashima, and many of the buildings in Awashimaura were damaged or destroyed.
The main industries of Awashimaura are seasonal tourism and commercial fishing.
- Awashima Kisen Ferry
- Iwafune (Murakami) - Uchiura (Awashimaura)