Aulus Verginius Tricostus Caeliomontanus (consul 494 BC)

Aulus Verginius Tricostus Caeliomontanus was a Roman Republican politician and general of the gens Verginia. He served as a Roman consul in 494 BC together with Titus Veturius Geminus Cicurinus.

Aulus Verginius Tricostus Caeliomontanus
Consul of the Roman Republic
In office
[1] 1 September 493 BC – 29 August 492 BC
Preceded byAppius Claudius Sabinus Regillensis, Titus Verginius Tricostus Caeliomontanus
Succeeded byPostumus Cominius Auruncus, Spurius Cassius Viscellinus
Personal details
BornAncient Rome
DiedAncient Rome
ChildrenAulus Verginius Tricostus Caeliomontanus (consul 469 BC)

Family OriginsEdit

Caeliomontanus is the name of one of the families of the gens Verginia. Almost all the members of this branch of the family were named Tricostus and the Caeliomontanus name was without a doubt taken from the fact that the family originally came from the Caelian hill. This would have distinguished this branch of the family from others in the same gens.

ConsulshipEdit

During his consulship, Verginius and his colleague Veturius were faced with the popular unrest which led to a secession of the plebs. The two consuls brought the matter before the senate; however, the senators were critical of the consuls for not using their authority to prevent the growing sedition. The consuls were instructed to enrol the army levies from the populace; however, the people refused. The senate, beginning to realise the seriousness of the situation, debated the crisis and chose to appoint Manius Valerius Maximus as dictator.[2]

A number of military threats emerged, and Verginius was assigned three legions to deal with the neighbouring Volsci who had taken up arms. Verginius successfully invaded and waged war against the Volsci, and captured the town of Velitrae in which a Roman colony was planted.[3]

After the armies returned to Rome, the dictator resigned his office in disgust at the senate's unwillingness to reach a compromise with the people. Then, on the pretext of some renewed hostilities by the Aequi, the senate ordered the legions to be led out of the city. The people were outraged by this turn of events. In order to escape their military oath, the people contemplated murdering the consuls; however, it was observed that a criminal act could not absolve them of their oath which was holy in its nature. Shortly afterwards, the plebs seceded to the Mons Sacer, and the crisis continued into the following consular year.[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Robert Maxwell Ogilvie, Commentary on Livy, books 1–5, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1965, pp. 404, 405.
  2. ^ Livy, Ab urbe condita, 2.28-30
  3. ^ Livy, 2.30
  4. ^ Livy, 2.32
Political offices
Preceded by
Appius Claudius Sabinus Regillensis,
and Publius Servilius Priscus Structus
Consul of the Roman Republic
494 BC
with Titus Veturius Geminus Cicurinus
Succeeded by
Postumus Cominius Auruncus,
and Spurius Cassius Viscellinus