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Auguste Carayon (31 March 1813 – 15 May 1874) was a French Jesuit author and bibliographer.
He was born in Saumur, France in 1813; he joined the Society of Jesus in 1848, and was at various times librarian and procurator. Between 1864 and 1874 he edited many historical works, and is considered a leading authority upon the history of his order, especially in New France, the area colonized by France in North America.
Carayon died at Poitiers in 1874.
His principal works were:
- Bibliographie historique de la Compagnie de Jésus (Paris, 1864)
- Documents inédits concernant la Compagnie de Jésus (Poitiers, 1863-1874, 18 vols)
- Première mission des Jésuites au Canada (Paris, 1864)
- Bannissement des Jésuites de la Louisiane (1865)
- Établissement de la Compagnie de Jésus à Brest par Louis XIV (Paris, 1865)
- Les prisons du Marquis de Pombal (1865)
- Notes historiques sur les Parlements et les Jésuites au XVIIIe siècle (Paris, 1867)
He was also the author of several devotional treatises published between 1854 and 1863.
- Sommervogel, Bibl. de la c. de J., II, 714-718
- Thwaites, Jesuit Relations (Cleveland, 1896-1901), I, 311