Atua are the gods and spirits of the Polynesian peoples such as the Māori or the Hawaiians (see also Kupua); the Polynesian word literally means "power" or "strength" and so the concept is similar to that of mana. Today, it is also used for the monotheistic conception of God. Especially powerful atua included:
- Rongo-mā-Tāne – god of agriculture and peace
- Tāne Mahuta – creator of all living things such as animals, birds and trees
- Tangaroa – god of the sea
- Tūmatauenga – a god of war
- Whiro – god of darkness and evil
In Samoa, where atua means "god" in the Samoan language, traditional tattooing was based on the doctrine of tutelary spirits. There is also a district on the island of Upolu in Samoa called Atua.
In popular cultureEdit
In the video game Danganronpa V3: Killing Harmony, the character of Angie Yonaga is a follower of a god named Atua. Her devotion becomes of key importance during the third chapter, as the nature of the cult-like group she forms causes a locked-room mystery.
- George, Vensus A. (2008), McLean, George F. (ed.), Paths to The Divine: Ancient and Indian, Indian Philosophical Studies, XII, pp. 22–23, ISBN 9781565182486
- Pratt, George (1984) . A Grammar and Dictionary of the Samoan Language, with English and Samoan vocabulary (3rd and revised ed.). Papakura, New Zealand: R. MacMillan. p. 270. ISBN 978-0-908712-09-0. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
- Ratzel, Friedrich (1896), The History of Mankind, MacMillan
- Funk, Leberecht (2014). "Entanglements between Tao People and Anito on Lanyu Island, Taiwan". In Musharbash, Y.; Presterudstuen, G.H. (eds.). Monster Anthropology in Australasia and Beyond. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 143–159. doi:10.1057/9781137448651_9. ISBN 9781137448651.