The Ashtavakra Gita (Sanskrit in Devanagari: अष्टावक्रगीता; IAST: aṣṭāvakragītā) or the Song of Ashtavakra is a classical scripture. It is written as a dialogue between the sage Ashtavakra and Janak, king of Mithila.
Radhakamal Mukerjee, an Indian social scientist, dated the book to the period immediately after the Hindu scripture Bhagavad Gita (c. 500–400 BCE). J. L. Brockington, emeritus professor of Sanskrit at the University of Edinburgh, places the Ashtavakra Gita much later, supposing it to have been written either in the eighth century CE by a follower of Shankara, or in the fourteenth century during a resurgence of Shankara's teaching. Sri Swami Shantananda Puri suggests that since the book contains the seed of the theory of non-creation Ajata Vada developed later by Gaudapada in Mandookya Karika, this book comes from a period prior to that of Gaudapada (6th century CE) and hence prior to Adi Shankara.
Identification of AshtavakraEdit
Ashtavakra is probably identical to the holy sage with the same name who appears in Mahabharata, though the connection is not clearly stated in any of the texts. Mukherjee identifies Janaka as the father of Sita and disciple of the sage Yajnavalkya in the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad.[note 1] Janaka is also depicted as a king who has attained perfection in vedas.
Ashtavakra Gita is a dialogue between Ashtavakra and Janaka on the nature of soul, reality and bondage. It offers a radical version of non-dualistic philosophy. The Gita insists on the complete unreality of external world and absolute oneness of existence. It does not mention any morality or duties, and therefore is seen by commentators as 'godless'. It also dismisses names and forms as unreal and a sign of ignorance.
In a conversation between Janaka and Ashtavakra, pertaining to the deformity of his crooked body, Ashtavakra explains that the size of a Temple is not affected by how it is shaped, and the shape of his own body does not affect himself (or Atman). The ignorant man's vision is shrouded by names and forms, but a wise man sees only himself:
You are really unbound and action-less, self-illuminating and spotless already. The cause of your bondage is that you are still resorting to stilling the mind. (I.15)
You are unconditioned and changeless, formless and immovable, unfathomable awareness, imperturbable- such consciousness is un-clinging. (I.17)
You are not bound by anything. What does a pure person like you need to renounce? Putting the complex organism to rest, you can go to your rest. (V.1) 
The book comprises 20 chapters:
- I Saksi - Vision of the Self as the All-pervading Witness
- II Ascaryam - Marvel of the Infinite Self Beyond Nature
- III Atmadvaita - Self in All and All in the Self
- IV Sarvamatma - Knower and the Non-knower of the Self
- V Laya - Stages of Dissolution of Consciousness
- VI Prakrteh Parah - Irrelevance of Dissolution of Consciousness
- VII Santa - Tranquil and Boundless Ocean of the Self
- VIII Moksa - Bondage and Freedom
- IX Nirveda - Indifference
- X Vairagya - Dispassion
- XI Cidrupa - Self as Pure and Radiant Intelligence
- XII Svabhava - Ascent of Contemplation
- XIII Yathasukham - Transcendent Bliss
- XIV Isvara - Natural Dissolution of the Mind
- XV Tattvam - Unborn Self or Brahman
- XVI Svasthya - Self-Abidance through Obliteration of the World
- XVII Kaivalya - Absolute Aloneness of the Self
- XVIII Jivanmukti - Way and Goal of Natural Samadhi
- XIX Svamahima - Majesty of the Self
- XX Akincanabhava - Transcendence of the Self
Translations and commentariesEdit
Nath (1907) opened the discourse of this Gita into the English language. Radhakamal Mukerjee (1889–1968) continued the discourse into English with his work posthumously published in 1971. Stroud (2004) wrote on the Astavakra Gita as a work of multivalent narrative.
- Janaka receives the teaching of the supreme Self from Yajnavalkya in the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad.
- Mukherjee 1971, p. i. sfn error: no target: CITEREFMukherjee1971 (help)
- Mukerjee 1971, p. 184.
- Mukherjee 1971, p. 4. sfn error: no target: CITEREFMukherjee1971 (help)
- Byrom, Thomas (1990). The Heart of Awareness: A Translation of the Ashtavakra Gita. Shambhala Publications. Page xxiii.
- Brockington, J. L. (1990). Foreword to The Heart of Awareness: A Translation of the Ashtavakra Gita, trans. Thomas Byrom. Shambhala Publications. Page xi.
- Puri, Sri Swami Shantananda (2001). The Quantum leap into the Absolute (Essence of ASHTAVAKRA GITA) (PDF). Bangalore: Parvathamma C.P. Subbaraju Setty Charitable Trust.
- Mukherjee 1971, p. 1. sfn error: no target: CITEREFMukherjee1971 (help)
- Brihadaranyaka Upanishad Chapter Four
- Manuel Schoch (1 July 2007). Bitten by the Black Snake: The Ancient Wisdom of Ashtavakra. Sentient Publications. ISBN 978-1-59181-060-5. Retrieved 20 July 2012.
- Ruth Vanita (2005). Gandhi's Tiger and Sita's Smile: Essays on Gender, Sexuality, and Culture. Yoda Press. pp. 239–. ISBN 978-81-902272-5-4. Retrieved 20 July 2012.
- Chinmayananda 1997:n.p.
- Vanita, Ruth. "Full of God:Ashtavakra and ideas of Justice in Hindu Text". Equinox Publishing Ltd. Missing or empty
- Astavakra Gita, Translation by John Richards. Retrieved 20 July 2012.
- Mukherjee 1971, p. iii. sfn error: no target: CITEREFMukherjee1971 (help)
- s:Ashtavakra Gita#Translator's Notes
- Baij Nath (Lala.) (1907). The Ashtavakra Gita: being a dialogue between King Janaka and Rishi Ashtavakra on Vedanta. Office of the Vaishya Hitkari.
- Radhakamal Mukerjee (1971). The song of the self supreme (Aṣṭāvakragītā): the classical text of Ātmādvaita by Aṣṭāvakra. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. ISBN 978-81-208-1367-0. Source:  (accessed: Friday March 19, 2010)
- Stroud, Scott R. (2004). "Narrative as Argument in Indian Philosophy: The Astavakra Gita as Multivalent Narrative." Philosophy and Rhetoric - Volume 37, Number 1, 2004, ISSN 0031-8213, pp. 42-71
- Partha Dash. Ashtavakra Gita Swami Chinmayananda 1997.
- "Ashtavakra: Mahageeta (अष्टावक्र : महागीता) (series) - The Sannyas Wiki". www.sannyas.wiki. Retrieved 2020-03-27.
- "Ashtavakra Gita DVD Pack-Hindi". Archived from the original on 28 October 2016. Retrieved 28 October 2016.
- Shankar, Sri Sri Ravi (2010). Ashtavakra Gita. Bangalore: Sri Sri Publications Trust. ISBN 9789380592831.
- "Ashtavakra Gita". SRMD.org. Shrimad Rajchandra Mission Dharampur. Retrieved 9 January 2021.
- Mukerjee, Radhakaml (1971), Aṣṭāvakragītā (the Song of the Self Supreme): The Classical Text of Ātmādvaita by Aṣṭāvakra, Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 978-81-208-1367-0
- Sanskrit Wikisource has original text related to this article: अष्टावक्रगीता
- Ashtavakra Gita English Audio Book
- In original Sanskrit as PDF
- In original Sanskrit
- In Devanagari
- In Romanized Sanskrit
- Ashtavakra Gita in Devanagari with English translation side by side
- Works related to Ashtavakra Gita at Wikisource
- Quotations related to Ashtavakra Gita at Wikiquote
- Ashtavakra Gita Hindi Audio Book
- The Essence of Astavakra Gita - The Ultimate Reality Within ISBN 978-0-615-93228-6
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- The Ultimate Reality Within
- Poetic translation of Ashtavakra Gita in Hindi by Dr Mridul Kirti
- s:Ashtavakra Gita Translation at Wikisource by John Richards
- John Richards translation in pdf format
- First in a series of 41 Discourses on Ashtavakra Gita available for Free Downloading
- Swami Nityaswarupananda (1940). Ashtavakra Samhita: [Sanskrit] text with word-for-word translation, English rendering and comments. Mayavati, Almoral, Himalayas: Advaita Ashrama.
- Translation by Ramana Maharshi (audiobook)
- https://archive.org/details/AshtavakraGita_201904 Ashtavakra Gita Translation by John Richards
- Asthavakra Gita - Awareness is Everything. Translation and Commentary by Mansoor (2010). ISBN 978-1-4467-1442-3