Ascolia, in Ancient Greece, was a yearly feast that the peasants of Attica celebrated in honor of Dionysus. The rites included sacrificing a goat, chosen because goats were prone to eating and destroying grapevines, and using its skin to make a football, which was filled with wine and smeared in oil. Festival participants then competed against each other by trying to leap onto it in a game that gave the festival its name (askoliazein, ἀσκωλιάζειν); the one who remained standing at the end of the contest won the wineskin as a prize. Participants also painted their faces with wine dregs, sang hymns, and recited satirical poetry.
The Atticans also made icons of Dionysus to hang in their vineyards to turn in the wind, which were called aiorai (αἰώραι). George Spence suggested that this was due to a popular belief that the god ensured fertility of any field he faced, while Varro speculated that the icons were intended as an offering to the spirits of the dead who had committed suicide by hanging.
The festival was eventually introduced into Italy as Vinalia, and the aiorai became known as oscilla.
- Anthon, Charles (1841). A Classical Dictionary: Containing ... Proper Names Mentioned in Ancient Authors, and Intended to Elucidate ... Points Connected with the Geography, History, Biography, Mythology and Fine Arts of the Greeks and Romans ... an Account of Coins, Weights and Measures ... Harper & Bros.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chambers, Ephraim, ed. (1728). "article name needed". Cyclopædia, or an Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences (first ed.). James and John Knapton, et al.
- Encyclopaedia Perthensis: Or, Universal Dictionary of the Arts, Sciences, Literature, &c., vol. 2. (1816).
- Biblioteca Classica: Or, A Classical Dictionary. Anthon, Charles, ed. vol. 1. (1831).
- Popular English Specimens of the Greek Dramatic Poets. Aeschylus. (1831).
- "Dionysia". Bible Tools. Retrieved 2006-01-27.
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