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Ascensión Esquivel Ibarra (May 10, 1844 in Rivas, Nicaragua – April 15, 1923) was a Nicaraguan-born President of Costa Rica from 1902 to 1906.[1] Esquivel became a naturalized Costa Rican in 1869.

Ascensión Esquivel Ibarra
Ascención Esquivel Ibarra.JPG
17th President of Costa Rica
In office
May 8, 1902 (1902-05-08) – May 8, 1906 (1906-05-08)
Preceded byRafael Yglesias Castro
Succeeded byCleto González Víquez
Personal details
Born(1844-05-10)May 10, 1844
Rivas, Nicaragua
Died(1923-04-15)April 15, 1923 (aged 79)
San José, Costa Rica
NationalityNicaraguan, Costa Rican
Political partyCivil
Spouse(s)Adela Salazar Guardia
ProfessionLawyer, Politician, University Professor

He was also a lawyer and a university professor. After his presidential term, he served as the chief justice of the Supreme Court from 1917 to 1920.

President of Costa RicaEdit

He first ran for the presidency in 1889 but was defeated by José Joaquín Rodríguez. He took up the challenge of running for president in the 1901 elections, which he consequently won. This was his second presidential bid and 1902 saw the start of his only presidency.

His government had to assume a nation with a still weak and little developed economy; however, his government managed to advance the development of the railroad to the Pacific and the establishment of the lyrics of the national hymn


Political offices
Preceded by
Rafael Yglesias Castro
President of Costa Rica
Succeeded by
Cleto González Víquez