Artin's criterion

In mathematics, Artin's criteria[1][2][3][4] are a collection of related necessary and sufficient conditions on deformation functors which proving their representability of these functors as either Algebraic spaces[5] or as Algebraic stacks. In particular, these conditions are used in the construction of the moduli stack of elliptic curves[6] and the construction of the moduli stack of pointed curves.[7]

Notation and technical notesEdit

Throughout this article, let   be a scheme of finite-type over a field   or an excellent DVR.   will be a category fibered in groupoids,   will be the groupoid lying over  .

A stack   is called limit preserving if it is compatible with filtered direct limits in  , meaning given a filtered system   there is an equivalence of categories


An element of   is called an algebraic element if it is the henselization of an  -algebra of finite type.

A limit preserving stack   over   is called an algebraic stack if

  1. For any pair of elements   the fiber product   is represented as an algebraic space
  2. There is a scheme   locally of finite type, and an element   which is smooth and surjective such that for any   the induced map   is smooth and surjective.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Artin, M. (September 1974). "Versal deformations and algebraic stacks". Inventiones Mathematicae. 27 (3): 165–189. doi:10.1007/bf01390174. ISSN 0020-9910. S2CID 122887093.
  2. ^ Artin, M. (2015-12-31), "Algebraization of formal moduli: I", Global Analysis: Papers in Honor of K. Kodaira (PMS-29), Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp. 21–72, doi:10.1515/9781400871230-003, ISBN 978-1-4008-7123-0
  3. ^ Artin, M. (January 1970). "Algebraization of Formal Moduli: II. Existence of Modifications". The Annals of Mathematics. 91 (1): 88–135. doi:10.2307/1970602. ISSN 0003-486X. JSTOR 1970602.
  4. ^ Artin, M. (January 1969). "Algebraic approximation of structures over complete local rings". Publications Mathématiques de l'IHÉS. 36 (1): 23–58. doi:10.1007/bf02684596. ISSN 0073-8301. S2CID 4617543.
  5. ^ Hall, Jack; Rydh, David (2019). "Artin's criteria for algebraicity revisited". Algebra & Number Theory. 13 (4): 749–796. arXiv:1306.4599. doi:10.2140/ant.2019.13.749. S2CID 119597571.
  6. ^ Deligne, P.; Rapoport, M. (1973), Les schémas de modules de courbes elliptiques, Lecture Notes in Mathematics, 349, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 143–316, doi:10.1007/bfb0066716, ISBN 978-3-540-06558-6
  7. ^ Knudsen, Finn F. (1983-12-01). "The projectivity of the moduli space of stable curves, II: The stacks $M_{g,n}$". Mathematica Scandinavica. 52: 161–199. doi:10.7146/math.scand.a-12001. ISSN 1903-1807.