Lewis Arthur Larson (July 4, 1910 – March 27, 1993) was an American lawyer, law professor, United States Under Secretary of Labor from 1954 to 1956, director of the United States Information Agency from 1956 to 1957, and Executive Assistant for Speeches for U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower from 1957 to 1958.
Lewis "Arthur" Larson
|Born||4, July 1910|
|Died||27, March 1993|
|Alma mater||Augustana College |
Pembroke College, Oxford
|Occupation||Professor, public servant, lawyer|
Early life and educationEdit
Arthur Larson (he avoided using his first name) was born in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. He was the third of five children of Lewis Larson and Anna Huseboe Larson, both of whom were second-generation Americans of Norwegian descent. Larson's father was a family court judge in Sioux Falls. Arthur Larson attended the public schools there and the local Lutheran college, Augustana, and then studied law at Pembroke College, Oxford (1932–1935) as a Rhodes Scholar. He was married to Florence Newcomb on July 31, 1935.
Legal, political, and scholarly pursuitsEdit
Larson then worked as a lawyer for four years (1935–1939) with the firm of Quarles, Spence and Quarles in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. When Depression-era conditions led to his layoff in the summer of 1939, Larson found a job as assistant professor of law at the University of Tennessee College of Law in Knoxville. While in Tennessee, he and Florence Newcomb Larson had two children.
In 1941, during World War II, Larson moved to Washington, DC, when he mostly worked as a lumber industry regulator at the Office of Price Administration. In 1945, he became an assistant professor of law at Cornell Law School in Ithaca, New York. Over the next seven years, he produced a legal treatise on the Law of Workmen's Compensation (Mathew Bender: 1952), which led to his being named in 1953 as dean of the University of Pittsburgh School of Law in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Larson's status as an expert on the welfare state and his strong public speaking abilities led to appointment as Under Secretary of Labor in March 1954 in the Eisenhower administration. He supported a union shop to compel workers into a labor union as "a case of the individual... having to conform to the will of the majority." Larson soon became an articulate spokesman for Moderate Republicans. He declared himself part of "the American center" to which he also included President Eisenhower; Eisenhower's two-time opponent, Adlai Stevenson II; and Dean Acheson, a former secretary of state in the Harry Truman administration. Larson's most popular book, A Republican Looks at His Party (Harper and Row: 1956) was personally endorsed by Eisenhower.
Eisenhower named Larson the director of the United States Information Agency (USIA) in December 1956 and as his top speechwriter in October 1957.
Return to academia. Residence in Durham, North CarolinaEdit
After leaving the Eisenhower administration in the fall of 1958, Larson became a law professor at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina, where he specialized in international law, arms control, and disarmament. 1973 saw the completion of the L. Arthur and Florence Larson Residence, a centerpiece of North Carolina modernist architecture designed by Jon Condoret.
He died in Durham on March 27, 1993. It is unknown if he was in his later years a registered Republican in North Carolina.
Larson is criticized as a prototypical big government Republican in Barry Goldwater's landmark small government Republican manifesto, The Conscience of a Conservative. However, his life and work are treated at length in a biography by David Stebenne, Modern Republican: Arthur Larson and the Eisenhower Years (Indiana University Press, 2006).
- National Review, September 8, 1956, pp. 7–8
- J. B. Matthews, "Now They're for Stevenson", National Review, February 8, 1956, pp., 20–21
- Matt Dees, "Master Class: the Life and Legacy of Architect Jon Condoret," Durham Magazine (The 2nd Annual Design Issue), April 2003, pp., 57-66
- David L. Stebenne, Modern Republican: Arthur Larson and the Eisenhower Years (Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 2006).
- Records and Papers of Arthur Larson, Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library
- Web page for the book Modern Republican: Arthur Larson and the Eisenhower Years (Indiana University Press, 2006)
- Larson's Worker's Compensation Pages
- 1983 Audio recording of a presentation by Arthur Larson on the Eisenhower Presidency
- Time Magazine, 1956: "The Authentic American Center" - about Arthur Larson and Eisenhower[permanent dead link]
- Time Magazine, 1958: Arthur's resignation from the Eisenhower Administration, and founding of the Rule of Law Center at Duke University
- Arthur Larson on the Mike Wallace Interview September 14, 1958