Arthur G. Fisk

Arthur G. Fisk (November 23, 1868 – February 25, 1938), was an American politician and attorney who served as the Speaker of the California State Assembly.[2] He also served as Postmaster of San Francisco during the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, and U.S. Commissioner for Northern California in his later years. At age 65, he was sentenced to federal prison for embezzling bail bond money under his control.

Arthur G. Fisk
Arthur Fisk Pic wiki.JPG
34th Speaker of the California State Assembly
In office
January 1903 – March 1903
Preceded byCornelius W. Pendleton
Succeeded byFrank C. Prescott
Member of the California State Assembly
from the 37th district
In office
January 1, 1901 - December 30, 1903
Preceded byWilliam E. White
Succeeded byFred C. Jones
Personal details
BornNovember 23, 1868[1]
Baltimore, Maryland
DiedFebruary 25, 1938(1938-02-25) (aged 69)
Los Angeles, California
Political partyRepublican
Alma materHarvard University (LLB)

Early life and educationEdit

Born in Baltimore, Maryland, Fisk relocated to Santa Barbara, California with his parents in 1869. His family soon moved to San Francisco, where Fisk grew up and attended public schools. Fisk graduated from Harvard Law School in 1894.

CareerEdit

After graduating from law school, Fisk returned to San Francisco to work in the law firm of former Assembly Speaker Morris M. Estee.[3]

California AssemblyEdit

In 1900, Fisk was elected to the California State Assembly for the 37th district[4] and served as Chairman of the powerful Ways and Means Committee in 1901. Since the legislature was part-time, Fisk also ran for District Attorney of San Francisco but narrowly lost. In 1903, he was elected as Speaker of the Assembly.

Postmaster of San FranciscoEdit

Soon thereafter, Fisk was appointed as Postmaster of San Francisco. It was in this position he suffered his first public controversy. In the wake of the 1906 earthquake, Fisk had allowed mail to be sent without postage, which was technically illegal, and was estimated to cost the federal government $60,000. Fisk said he "forwarded hundreds of thousands of letters without postage throughout the United States. These letters were written on old cuffs, pieces of cardboard, anything. They went into the mail bags and I was liable to criminal prosecution...Thousands were homeless, without food and without means of communicating with relatives. I established kitchens in the basement of the post office and fed hundreds of starving people."[5] Five years later, an act of Congress exonerated Fisk. When Democrats gained the White House in 1912, President Wilson asked for Fisk's resignation as Postmaster.

In 1913, Fisk began managing the finances of Anita Baldwin McClaugry, heiress to the fortunes of famous California businessman and racetrack industry pioneer Lucky Baldwin.[5]

Sentence and incarcerationEdit

In 1928, Fisk was appointed as United States Commissioner for Northern California. It was in this capacity that Fisk was sued by the federal government for $25,000 for his mishandling of alien property cases. Unable to adequately fund his legal defense, Fisk embezzled bail bond money in his custody to fight the government charges against him. Although he won the original lawsuit, it was discovered he misappropriated the bail bond funds and therefore was charged for embezzlement. At age 65, Fisk pleaded guilty to charges of mishandling the bail bond money in his custody. As a result, he served two years in federal prison near Carson City, Nevada. He was released on parole in 1935 at the age of 67.[5]

DeathEdit

Fisk died in Los Angeles at age 69 on February 25, 1938, at the home of his daughter.

SourcesEdit

  • San Francisco Chronicle, February 26, 1938.
  • Government of the State of California 1903, Fred Coleman, Sacramento: 1903.
  • California Blue Book, 1903, Office of State Printing: Sacramento.
  • 黄金 (1913). 萬國寄信便覽. International Chinese Business Directory Co.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Note: Fisk's year of birth is unclear. His obituary lists 1867 as his birth year; his biography in the Fred Coleman book lists it as 1868.
  2. ^ Fisk obituary, San Francisco Chronicle, February 26, 1938. See also, The Government of the State of California 1903, Fred Coleman, Sacramento: 1903.
  3. ^ Government of the State of California 1903, Fred Coleman, Sacramento: 1903.
  4. ^ "Join California - Arthur G. Fisk". joincalifornia.com.
  5. ^ a b c San Francisco Chronicle, February 26, 1938.
Preceded by
Speaker of the California State Assembly
January 1903 – March 1903
Succeeded by