The cemetery was already in existence in 1766, and is shown on a map of the city from that year. The first recorded burials in the cemetery date from 1774.
Originally several separate cemeteries, expansion has led them merging into one necropolis, with separate section for Orthodox, Catholic, Jewish and Lutheran burials. The complex also includes a military cemetery. In total, over 300,000 people have been buried at Arskoe.
- "Church of the Wonderworkers from Yaroslavl at the Arskoe Cemetery (Tserkov Iaroslavskikh Chudotvortsev na Arskom Kladbishche)," Kazan Memory, 18 June 2008. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
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