Army Detachment Kempf

German Army Detachment Kempf was an army-sized formation of the Wehrmacht on the Eastern Front during World War II. As part of Army Group South, Detachment Kempf saw action during Operation Citadel, the German attempt to cut off the Kursk salient and destroy a large part of the Soviet army.

Army Detachment
Armeeabteilung Kempf
Armeeabteilung Kempf unit marking Unternehmen Zitadelle.png
Active1 February 1943 – 22 August 1943
Country Nazi Germany
BranchArmy
EngagementsKursk
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Werner Kempf

Operational historyEdit

The detachment was formed on 1 February 1943 as Armee-Abteilung Lanz, led by Hubert Lanz. On 21 February 1943 Lanz was replaced by Werner Kempf and the detachment was renamed to reflect this change. In February–March that year, The detachment fought in the Third Battle of Kharkov.

The detachment took part in the Battle of Kursk. Beginning on the night of 4/5 July 1943, III Panzer Corps, Kempf Army's primary attack formation, spearheaded the thrust east of Belgorod. After the failure of the operation, Army Detachment Kempf retreated with the rest of Army Group South. Kempf was relieved of command on 17 August 1943. He was replaced by Otto Wöhler on August 16 and the detachment was designated as the 8th Army.

The order of battle for Operation Citadel was:[1]

CommanderEdit

No. Commander Took office Left office Time in office
1Lanz, HubertGeneral der Gebirgstruppe
Hubert Lanz
(1896–1982)
1 February 194321 February 194320 days
2Kempf, WernerGeneral der Panzertruppe
Werner Kempf
(1886–1964)
21 February 194316 August 1943176 days
3Wöhler, OttoGeneral der Infanterie
Otto Wöhler
(1894–1987)
17 August 194322 August 19435 days

ReferencesEdit