Armed Forces Revolutionary Council, Ghana
The Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC) was the government of Ghana from June 4, 1979 to September 24, 1979.
4 June military coupEdit
The AFRC came to power in a bloody coup that removed the Supreme Military Council, another military regime, from power. The June 4 coup was preceded by an abortive attempt on May 15, 1979 when Flt. Lt. Jerry Rawlings and other ranks were arrested. Their trial only served to make them popular till they were eventually released on the morning of June 4 by young officers and noncommissioned officers inspired by Rawlings. During the fighting that ensued throughout the day, a number of military personnel lost their lives. These include Major General Odartey-Welllington who led the government's resistance to the coup d'état. Others who fell that day included another officer, Colonel Joseph Enningful who was a former Commander of the Support Services of the Ghana Armed Forces. Other soldiers who died that day include Second-Lieutenant J. Agyemang Bio, Corporal William Tingan, Lance Corporal Sorkpor, Trooper Samuel Larsey, Trooper Emmanuel Koranteng-Apau, Lance Corporal Gabriel Follivi and Lance Corporal Mamudu Kalifa. They were all buried with full military honours at the Osu Military Cemetery in Accra.
House cleaning exerciseEdit
The regime started a 'House cleaning' exercise against corruption. Three former military leaders of Ghana, Lt. Gen. Afrifa, Gen. Acheampong and Lt. Gen. Akuffo were all executed together with five other senior officers deemed to have been corrupt by the special courts set up by the government. Numerous business entrepreneurs were also targeted and unlawfully had their assets confiscated by the AFRC government including J. K. Siaw.
The AFRC allowed already scheduled elections to go ahead and handed over to the duly elected Dr. Hilla Limann of the People's National Party who became the only president of the Third Republic of Ghana.
The AFRC consisted of 15 members.
|Head of state of Ghana and Chairman||Flight Lieutenant Jerry John Rawlings||Jun 1979 – Sep 1979|
|Official Spokesman||Captain Kojo Boakye Gyan||Jun 1979 – Sep 1979|
|Member||Major Mensah-Poku||Jun 1979 – Sep 1979|
|Member||Major Mensah Gbedemah||Jun 1979 – Sep 1979|
|Member||Lieutenant Commander H. C. Apaloo||Jun 1979 – ?||Died following traffic accident|
|Member||Captain Kwabena Baah Achamfuor||Jun 1979 – Sep 1979|
|Member||Warrant Officer (II) Harry K. Obeng||Jun 1979 – Sep 1979|
|Member||Staff Seargent Alex Adjei||Jun 1979 – Sep 1979|
|Member||Corporal Owusu Boateng||Jun 1979 – Sep 1979|
|Member||Leading Aircraftman John N. Gatsiko||Jun 1979 – Sep 1979|
|Member||Lance Corporal Peter Tasiri||Jun 1979 – Sep 1979|
|Member||Lance Corporal Ansah Atiemo||Jun 1979 – Sep 1979|
|Member||Lance Corporal Sarkodee-Addo||Jun 1979 – Sep 1979|
|Member||Corporal Sheikh Tetteh||Jun 1979 – Sep 1979|
|Member||Private Owusu Adu||Jun 1979 – Sep 1979|
- Captain Henry Smith – one of the architects of the uprising and described by officers and soldiers in June 1979 as the officer who was responsible for the success of the uprising – declined membership of the AFRC. He was, nevertheless, given the portfolio of "special duties" and was also put in charge of the Foreign Affairs ministry.
- Lieutenant Commander H. C. Apaloo died in a road traffic accident before the end of AFRC rule.
Commissioners were in place of Ministers of state and most carried on from the previous government. A number of commissioners had to cover additional ministries during the period of the AFRC.
List of commissioners (ministers) of stateEdit
|Commissioner for Foreign Affairs||Gloria Amon Nikoi||1979|
|Attorney General and Commissioner for Justice||A.N.E. Amissah||26 June 1979– ?|
|Commissioner for Finance and Economic Planning
Commissioner for Trade and Tourism
|Dr. J.L.S. Abbey||1979|
|Commissioner for Interior and
Inspector General of Police
|C. O. Lamptey
|1979 – 26 June 1979
26 June 1979 – ?
|Commissioner for Lands, Natural Resources
Commissioner for Fuel and Power
|Commissioner for Industries, Labour and Social Welfare||Anthony Woode||1979|
|Commissioner for Transport and Communications
Commissioner for Works and Housing
|Commissioner for Agriculture||Abayifa Karbo||1979|
|Commissioner for Information and Cocoa Affairs||Kwame Afreh||1979|
|Commissioner for Consumer Affairs and Cooperatives||Nii Anyetei Kwakwranyra
|1979 – 26 June 1979
26 June 1979 –?
|Commissioner for Local Government and Sports||Kofi Badu
Nii Anyetei Kwakwranyra
|1979 – 26 June 1979
26 June 1979 –?
|Commissioner for Education and Culture
Commissioner for Health
|Ashanti Region||Colonel R. K. Zumah||1979|
|Brong Ahafo Region||Lieutenant Commander I. K. Awuku||1979|
|Central Region||Kobena Gyapea Erbynn||1979|
|Eastern Region||S. H. Annancy||1979|
|Greater Accra Region||E. R. K. Dwemoh||1979|
|Northern Region||Lieutenant Colonel L. K. Kodjiku||1979|
|Upper Region||Major M. Gyabaah||1979|
|Volta Region||Lieutenant Commander G.K. Amevor||1979|
|Western Region||J. S. Amenlema||1979|
- "Eight Top Officers Executed". Ghana News. Washington: Embassy of Ghana. 8 (7): 6. July 1979. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
- Kwaku Sakyi-Addo (2007-03-01). "The reality of Ghana's independence". Part Two of Ghana, Winds Of Change was broadcast on BBC World Service on Monday 5 March at 0930 UTC. British Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 4 March 2007. Retrieved 2007-03-20.
- "Historical Development of the Courts after Independence". Official Website. Judicial Service of Ghana. Archived from the original on October 6, 2007. Retrieved 2007-03-20.
- "The Security Services" (PDF). Report of the National Reconciliation Commission. Ghana government. October 2004. p. 46. Archived from the original (pdf) on October 16, 2006. Retrieved 2007-05-06.
- Jubilee Ghana. A 50-year news journey thro' Graphic. Accra: Graphic Communications Group Ltd. 2006. p. 218. ISBN 9988-8097-8-6.
- "Membership of the AFRC". Ghana News. Washington: Embassy of Ghana. 8 (7): 6. July 1979. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
- "New Portfolios For Commissioners". Ghana News. Washington: Embassy of Ghana. 8 (7): 10. July 1979. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
- Jubilee Ghana. A 50-year news journey thro' Graphic. Accra: Graphic Communications Group Ltd. 2006. p. 219. ISBN 9988-8097-8-6.
- "New Portfolios For Commissioners". Ghana News. Washington: Embassy of Ghana. 8 (7): 9. July 1979. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
Supreme Military Council (1975–1978)
| Government of Ghana
Jun 1979 – Sept 1979
Limann government (1979–1981)