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Armand Frappier[pronunciation?], CC GOQ OBE MSRC (November 26, 1904 – December 17, 1991) was a physician, microbiologist, and expert on tuberculosis from Quebec, Canada.

Armand Frappier
Born(1904-11-26)November 26, 1904
Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Quebec
DiedDecember 17, 1991(1991-12-17) (aged 87)
Occupationphysician, microbiologist
AwardsOrder of Canada
National Order of Quebec
Order of the British Empire

Born in Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Quebec, the son of Arthur-Alexis Frappier and Bernadette Codebecq, his mother died in 1923 from tuberculosis. This greatly affected him and he pursued a career devoted to fighting this tueuse de maman (mother killer). In 1924, he received a Bachelor of Arts and, in 1930, he received a medical degree from the Université de Montréal. In 1933, he obtained a Bachelor of Science also from the Université de Montréal.

In 1938, he founded the Institut de microbiologie et d'hygiène de Montréal - following the model of the Pasteur Institute in Paris and the Connaught Laboratories of the University of Toronto (Malissard, 1998; 1999a, 1999b, 2000)- the first French-language school of hygiene in the world, and served as its director for 38 years. It was renamed Institut Armand-Frappier in 1975.

He was instrumental in the fight against tuberculosis in Canada and as one of the first researchers to confirm the safety and usefulness of the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine.

In 1929, he married Thérèse Ostiguy. They had four children: Lise, Monique, Michèle, and Paul.



  • Malissard, P. (1998), « La longue controverse de la vaccination antituberculeuse au Canada : le Bacille Calmette Guérin (bcg), 1925-1975 », Canadian Bulletin of the History of Medicine/Bulletin canadien d'histoire de la médecine, vol. 15, p. 85-126.
  • Malissard, P. (1999a), « Les centres universitaires de production et de recherche en microbiologie au Canada ou savoir se rendre utile», Bulletin d'histoire politique, vol. 7, no 3, p. 40-50.
  • Malissard, P. (1999b), Quand les universitaires se font entrepreneurs. Les Laboratoires Connaught et l'Institut de microbiologie et d'hygiène de l'Université de Montréal, 1914-1972, thèse de doctorat, Université du Québec à Montréal.
  • Malissard, P. (2000), « Les "Start-Up" de jadis : la production de vaccins au Canada » Sociologie et sociétés, vol. 32, n° 1, p. 93-106.
  • "Dr. Armand Frappier (1904-1991)". Saskatchewan Lung Association. Archived from the original on April 6, 2005. Retrieved June 3, 2005.
  • "Abridged biography of Dr. Armand Frappier (PDF)" (PDF). Armand Frappier Museum. Retrieved June 3, 2005.[permanent dead link]
  1. ^ "Dr. Armand Frappier". Canadian Medical Hall of Fame. 2012. Archived from the original on 2014-08-19.