The sedentary Arlije are the main group of the Romani people in North Macedonia, and the majority live in Šuto Orizari Municipality. They belong to the Muslim Romani people. There are various subgroups of the Arlije, named after their traditional occupations,[1] living in North Macedonia,[2][3] Kosovo, and southern Southern Serbia (geographical region), and Montenegro.[3][4] Beside Macedonian and Albanian, they speak the Arli dialect of Balkan Romani.[5] The word Arlije (singular Arli) is derived from the Turkish word yerli (meaning "native" or "settled"),[6] as does the name Erlides (Greek: Ερλίδες, of a similar group living in Greece,[1][7][8] and the Sofia-Erli in Bulgaria.[9] The biggest settlement of Arlije is in Šuto Orizari in North Macedonia. In East Thrace at Turkey, they are called Yerli Romanlar and only speak Rumelian Turkish.[10]

Arlije
Erlides
Yerli
Languages
Balkan Romani, Macedonian, Albanian, Rumelian Turkish
Religion
Cultural Muslims, Bektashi Order

Many Arlije have moved to Austria and Germany as guest workers. Some Arli men have married Austrian and German women.[8][11]

GeneticsEdit

While the Early Romani people traces back to the Indian subcontinent,[12] gene flow from the Ottoman Turks also spilled over and established a higher frequency of the Y-haplogroups J and E3b in Balkan Roma Groups.[13] The Greek doctor A. G. Paspati made also the statement in his Book, that Turks married often Roma woman.[14] Greek-Slavic DNA also in the Balkan Roma people.[15]

People of Arlije descentEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Arlije [Rombase]". rombase.uni-graz.at. Archived from the original on 6 August 2021.
  2. ^ "Seven varieties of Arli: Skopje as a center of convergence and divergence of Romani dialects". ResearchGate. Archived from the original on 9 August 2021.
  3. ^ a b "Arliye / Arlije". www.romarchive.eu. Archived from the original on 9 August 2021.
  4. ^ https://www.romaeducationfund.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/montenegro_assessment_english.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  5. ^ "Arli Romani". www.oeaw.ac.at. Archived from the original on 6 August 2021.
  6. ^ "Roma/Gypsies". Minority Rights Group. 19 June 2015. Archived from the original on 9 August 2021.
  7. ^ "Arli: Dialect Sampler, Romani Dialects Interactive - ROMANI Project Manchester".
  8. ^ a b "Romani in Europe" (PDF). www.coe.int. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 August 2021.
  9. ^ "Erli: Dialect Sampler, Romani Dialects Interactive - ROMANI Project Manchester".
  10. ^ "Dergipark". Archived from the original on 22 October 2020. Retrieved 27 August 2021.
  11. ^ "Arlije [Rombase]".
  12. ^ Melegh, Bela I.; Banfai, Zsolt; Hadzsiev, Kinga; Miseta, Attila; Melegh, Bela (2017). "Refining the South Asian Origin of the Romani people". BMC Genetics. 18 (1): 82. doi:10.1186/s12863-017-0547-x. PMC 5580230. PMID 28859608 – via ResearchGate.
  13. ^ Bánfai, Zsolt; Melegh, Béla I.; Sümegi, Katalin; Hadzsiev, Kinga; Miseta, Attila; Kásler, Miklós; Melegh, Béla (13 June 2019). "Revealing the Genetic Impact of the Ottoman Occupation on Ethnic Groups of East-Central Europe and on the Roma Population of the Area". Frontiers in Genetics. 10: 558. doi:10.3389/fgene.2019.00558. PMC 6585392. PMID 31263480.
  14. ^ Paspati, A. G.; Hamlin, C. (1860). "Memoir on the Language of the Gypsies, as Now Used in the Turkish Empire". Journal of the American Oriental Society. 7: 143–270. doi:10.2307/592158. JSTOR 592158.
  15. ^ Martínez-Cruz, Begoña; Mendizabal, Isabel; Harmant, Christine; De Pablo, Rosario; Ioana, Mihai; Angelicheva, Dora; Kouvatsi, Anastasia; Makukh, Halyna; Netea, Mihai G.; Pamjav, Horolma; Zalán, Andrea; Tournev, Ivailo; Marushiakova, Elena; Popov, Vesselin; Bertranpetit, Jaume; Kalaydjieva, Luba; Quintana-Murci, Lluis; Comas, David (2016). "Origins, admixture and founder lineages in European Roma". European Journal of Human Genetics. 24 (6): 937–943. doi:10.1038/ejhg.2015.201. PMC 4867443. PMID 26374132 – via ResearchGate.