Archil Jorjadze

Archil Konstantinovich Jorjadze (Georgian: არჩილ კონსტანტინეს ძე ჯორჯაძე, January 10, 1872, Tiflis - March 21, 1913, Batumi) was a Georgian politician, one of the founders and the main ideologist of the Georgian Socialist-Federalist Revolutionary Party.

Archil Jorjadze
არჩილ ჯორჯაძე
Arcil Jorjaze.png
Born(1872-01-10)January 10, 1872
DiedMarch 21, 1913(1913-03-21) (aged 41)[1][2]
Resting placeDidube Pantheon
EducationTiflis Gymnasium
Political partyGeorgian Socialist-Federalist Revolutionary Party


Born into a military family, the family soon moved to Kutaisi, and Archil began studying at a classical gymnasium. He continued his studies in Tiflis and in 1892 he graduated from the first Tiflis gymnasium. In the same year he entered the St. Petersburg University, then moved to Warsaw, but returned and continued his studies at the Faculty of Natural Sciences. Soon after, he went abroad to attend lectures at universities in Paris and London. During this period he was interested in sociology, and then was guided by the teachings of Leo Tolstoy.

He lived in England in a Tolstoyan colony,[3] in the village of Purleigh, Essex. In 1897 he published a book on the theme The Experience of a Society for a Moral Life, which attracted the attention of Tolstoy himself.

After 1901, the Georgian intelligentsia returned to Georgia and actively participated in the social and political life of the country. In 1901-1902 Archil Dzhorzhadze created the so-called "theory of common action", which was the theoretical basis for the consolidation of the Georgian national liberation forces.

He collaborated in the journal Northern Herald, published under the pseudonym A. Sabuisky.[4] To popularize his ideas and to attract the attention of the democratic community of Europe, together with George Dekanozishvili and others, since May 1903, he published in Paris the French language supplement to the Sakartvelo newspaper - La Georgy.[5]

He received an invitation to Geneva to organize the Conference of Political Parties of Georgia, at which the Georgian Socialist-Federalist Revolutionary Party, the first national political party in Georgia, was created. Archil Jorjadze became the leader and main ideologist of the party.

He was buried in the Didube Pantheon and there is a street in Tbilisi is named after him.


  • ზ. ბაბუნაშვილი, თ. ნოზაძე, «მამულიშვილთა სავანე», გვ. 431, თბ., 1994


  1. ^ "Jorjaże, Arčʻil, 1872-1913". Faceted Application of Subject Terminology. 24 September 2004. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
  2. ^ "არჩილ ჯორჯაძე". საქართველოს ბიოგრაფიული ლექსიკონი (in Georgian). 2001. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  3. ^ "Как в Англии создавались общины толстовцев". (in Russian). 11 July 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  4. ^ "А. Сабуйский". National Parliamentary Library of Georgia. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  5. ^ "Мы, что, больше любим Грузию, чем Илья — грозя России кулаком, ругая ее?!".

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