Archibald Cameron (British Army officer)

General Sir Archibald Rice Cameron of Locheil, GBE, KCB, CMG (28 August 1870 – 18 June 1944) was a British Army General during the 1930s.

Sir Archibald Cameron
Born28 August 1870
Died18 June 1944 (1944-06-19) (aged 73)
AllegianceUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branchFlag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service1890–1937
Commands held4th Division
Scottish Command
Battles/warsSecond Boer War
First World War
AwardsKnight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George

Military careerEdit

Educated at Haileybury College and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst,[1] Arichibald Cameron was commissioned into the Black Watch as a second lieutenant on 1 March 1890, promoted to lieutenant on 3 August 1892, and to captain on 6 October 1899. He was appointed adjutant in the 2nd battalion in April 1900, and with the battalion took part in the Second Boer War between 1899 and 1902, during which he received a brevet promotion as major on 29 November 1900 (gazetted in the April 1901 South Africa Honours list).[2] Following the end of this war he left Point Natal for British India on the SS Ionian in October 1902 with other officers and men of his battalion, which after arrival in Bombay was stationed in Sialkot in Umballa in Punjab.[3] He returned to South Africa to become Military Secretary to the Governor of the Cape of Good Hope from 1904 to 1907.[4]

He served in the First World War and was wounded in action in 1917.[4] In 1922 he became General Officer Commanding Northern Ireland District.[5]

In 1925 he was appointed Director of Staff Duties at the War Office moving on to be General Officer Commanding 4th Division in 1927, a post he held until 1931.[4] He was appointed General Officer Commanding-in-Chief of Scottish Command in 1933 and in 1936 also became Governor of Edinburgh Castle; he retired in 1937.[4]


Archibald Cameron never married.[1] His nice Marion Eleanora Cameron married Harold Salvesen, a British businessman.[6]


  1. ^ a b The
  2. ^ Hart′s Army list, 1903
  3. ^ "The Army in South Africa - Troops returning Home". The Times (36893). London. 8 October 1902. p. 8.
  4. ^ a b c d Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
  5. ^ Whitaker's Almanack 1925
  6. ^ "Marion Eleanora Cameron". The Peerage. Retrieved 11 May 2018.

External linksEdit

Military offices
Preceded by
New Post
General Officer Commanding the British Army in Northern Ireland
Succeeded by
Sir Felix Ready
Preceded by
Percy Radcliffe
General Officer Commanding the 4th Division
Succeeded by
Charles Bonham-Carter
Preceded by
Sir Percy Radcliffe
GOC-in-C Scottish Command
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Grant