Archdeacon of Richmond and Craven

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The Archdeacon of Richmond and Craven is an archdiaconal post in the Church of England. It was created in about 1088 within the See of York and was moved in 1541 to the See of Chester, in 1836 to the See of Ripon[3] and after 2014 to the See of Leeds, in which jurisdiction it remains today. It is divided into seven rural deaneries: Ewecross, Harrogate, Richmond, Ripon, Skipton, and Wensley, all in Yorkshire and Bowland in Lancashire.[4]

Dalby arms, detail from monument in York Minster to Thomas Savage, Archbishop of York 1501-7, showing arms of Thomas Dalby, Archdeacon of Richmond 1506–1526. The wheat-garb (impaling his personal arms[1]) is stated in various antiquarian sources to be the heraldic device of the Archdeaconry of Richmond[2]

HistoryEdit

 
Prebendal stalls in the choir of York Minster, one of which was occupied by the Archdeacon of Richmond until 1836[5]

The Archdeaconry of Richmond was created in about 1088 and was endowed by Thomas, Archbishop of York.[5] Originally it comprised the western parts of Yorkshire and Lancashire, as well as the greater portion of the counties of Cumberland and Westmorland and was the wealthiest and most extensive archdeaconry in England.[5] Its valuable impropriations included Easingwold, Bolton, Clapham and Thornton Steward.[5] However in 1127 King Henry I removed Allerdale and Cumberland from the Archdeaconry in order to form the new See of Carlisle.[5] By way of compensation for this loss, Thurstan, Archbishop of York, conferred upon the Archdeacon all the privileges and prerogatives of a bishop, with the exception that he could not ordain, consecrate, or confirm.[5] The Archdeacon had his own consistory court at Richmond in Yorkshire, where wills were proved, licences and faculties granted, and all matters of ecclesiastical cognizance dealt with. He exercised the sole supervision of clergy within his jurisdiction, including institution to, and removal from, benefices.[5]

In 1541 King Henry VIII established the See of Chester in Lancashire, into which the office of Archdeacon of Richmond was incorporated, although its judicial powers were transferred to the See of York.[5] Although its revenues suffered serious diminution and its position had become that of a commissary elected by the Bishop of Chester, the Archdeacon continued to exercise the same authority, judicial and otherwise, as his predecessors[5] and retained his stall within the choir of York Minster.[5] However by 1805 the position was described as a mere "sinecure".[6]

In 1836 the Archdeaconry of Richmond was transferred to the jurisdiction of the newly formed See of Ripon[5] in Yorkshire, and in January 1838 the consistory court of Richmond was abolished, along with all its other peculiars.[5] On the creation of the See of Leeds[7] in 2014, the Archdeaconry received the territory of the Archdeaconry of Craven and was renamed the "Archdeaconry of Richmond and Craven".[8] It now forms the "Ripon episcopal area".[9]

List of archdeaconsEdit

Some archdeacons without territorial titles are recorded from around the time of Thomas of Bayeux; see Archdeacon of York.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Osbert does not occur with the title Archdeacon of Richmond; rather his territory can be deduced.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Arms of Dalby: Gules, a chevron ermine between three round buckles or (Burke, Sir Bernard, The General Armory, London, 1884, p.257)
  2. ^ Arthur Perceval Purey-Cust, Heraldry of York Minster, 1890-96, p.78[1]: "At the south-west corner of the monument to Archbishop Savage (Archbishop of York 1501-1507) there is a figure of an angel holding a shield emblazoned with arms similar to those which were on Thomas Dalby's monumental tablet, viz., a garb impaling a chevron ermine between three buckles. The latter is the cognizance of Dalby, but it is difficult to identify the former accurately. Torre, in his MS. history of the Minster and its property, mentions this coat as existing in the prebendal house of Stillington, " in the hall window," " in the window" of the dining-room above stairs," and carved in stone on the chimney-piece of the same, with another shield containing a garb only. He thus labels them " Richmond Archdeaconry impaling Dalby." For want of more definite information I must accept his statement, but neither in the Diocesan Record Offices of York or Chester, nor in the British Museum, can I find any seal shewing what the device of the Archdeaconry of Richmond actually was."
  3. ^ "Diocesan Office: Archdeacon Of Richmond (CCEd Location ID 8922)". The Clergy of the Church of England Database 1540–1835. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
  4. ^ Diocese of Leeds – Maps and information about deaneries and parishes (Accessed 4 August 2014)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Richmondshire Churches – Introduction: The Archdeaconry of Richmond (Accessed 4 August 2014)
  6. ^ The Orthodox churchman's magazine; or, A Treasury of divine and useful knowledge. 1805. p. 436.
  7. ^ The Church of England – Synod approves new Diocese of Leeds for West Yorkshire and The Dales
  8. ^ The Dioceses of Bradford, Ripon and Leeds and Wakefield Reorganisation Scheme 2013 pp. 5–6 (Accessed 4 February 2014)
  9. ^ Moving towards a new diocese for West Yorkshire and the Dales (Accessed 9 July 2013)
  10. ^ J L, Kirkby. "Wodehouse, Robert". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/29814. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  11. ^ Horn, Joyce M.; Smith, David M.; Mussett, Patrick (2004), Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1541–1857, 11, pp. 33–34CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  12. ^ "Nearly Ready". Yorkshire Gazette. 16 April 1853. p. 1.
  13. ^ "No. 19426". The London Gazette. 7 October 1836. pp. 1738–1742.
  14. ^ "Charles Lutwidge Dodgson". The MacTutor History of Mathematics archive. Retrieved 2011-03-08.
  15. ^ Royle, Edward (2006). Archbishop Thomson's Visitation Returns for the Diocese of York, 1865. p. 232. ISBN 9781904497172.
  16. ^ "Danks, William". Who's Who. ukwhoswho.com. 1920–2014 (April 2014 online ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. Retrieved 3 November 2014. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  17. ^ The Teesdale Mercury, Wednesday 26 May 1909, page 5, column 1 [2] (Accessed 3 November 2014)
  18. ^ "Hall, Henry Armstrong". Who's Who. ukwhoswho.com. 1920–2014 (April 2014 online ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. Retrieved 3 November 2014. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  19. ^ "Watson, Arthur Herbert". Who's Who. ukwhoswho.com. 1920–2014 (April 2014 online ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. Retrieved 3 November 2014. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  20. ^ "Alumni Cantabrigienses". p. 176.
  21. ^ "Thornton, Claude Cyprian". Who's Who. ukwhoswho.com. 1920–2014 (April 2014 online ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. Retrieved 3 November 2014. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  22. ^ "Bartlett, Donald Mackenzie Maynard". Who's Who. ukwhoswho.com. 1920–2014 (April 2014 online ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. Retrieved 3 November 2014. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  23. ^ "MacPherson, William Stuart". Who's Who. ukwhoswho.com. 1920–2014 (April 2014 online ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. Retrieved 3 November 2014. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  24. ^ "Graham, Henry Burrans". Who's Who. ukwhoswho.com. 1920–2014 (April 2014 online ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. Retrieved 3 November 2014. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  25. ^ "Turnbull, John William". Who's Who. ukwhoswho.com. 1920–2014 (April 2014 online ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. Retrieved 3 November 2014. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  26. ^ "Burbridge, (John) Paul". Who's Who. ukwhoswho.com. 2014 (December 2013 online ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. Retrieved 3 November 2014. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  27. ^ "McDermid, Norman George Lloyd Roberts". Who's Who. ukwhoswho.com. 2014 (December 2013 online ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. Retrieved 3 November 2014. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  28. ^ "Good, Kenneth Roy". Who's Who. ukwhoswho.com. 2014 (December 2013 online ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. Retrieved 3 November 2014. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  29. ^ "Henderson, Janet". Who's Who. ukwhoswho.com. 2014 (December 2013 online ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. Retrieved 3 November 2014. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  30. ^ Ripon Cathedral — Service Notices, 17 January 2016 (Accessed 31 January 2016)
  31. ^ [3]
  32. ^ Mason, Viv (16 October 2018). "Next Archdeacon of Richmond and Craven announced". Craven Herald. Retrieved 26 November 2018.

SourcesEdit