Arakel of Tabriz or Arakel Davrizhetsi (Armenian: Առաքել Դաւրիժեցի;[a] 1590s–1670) was a 17th-century Armenian historian and clergyman from Tabriz.[1] His History is an important and reliable source for the histories of the Safavid and Ottoman empires, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia for the period 1602–1662.[1]

Arakel Davrizhetsi. History of Armenia – Аmsterdam: Voskan Yerevanci Press, 1669.



Arakel was born in Tabriz (called Davrezh in the Armenian of the time) in the 1590s.[1] He received his theological training at the seminary at Etchmiadzin, the seat of the Armenian Apostolic Church, where he was ordained a vardapet (celibate priest/archimandrite).[2] In 1636, he was appointed abbot of the monastery of Hovhannavank Monastery, a position he held for one year before returning to Etchmiadzin․[3] He was later sent on various mission to Isfahan, Amasya, Sivas, Urfa, Aleppo, Jerusalem, and Athens as a nuncio of Catholicos Pilippos.[1][3]

In 1662, he completed his History, also known as the Book of Histories (Girk’ Patmut’eants’), a unique work on the history of Armenia and adjacent countries and peoples in the seventeenth century. He witnessed many events and described them in the book. Notably, his work contains an account of the mass deportation of Armenians under the Safavid shah Abbas. Arakel Davrizhetsi was the first Armenian historian whose work was printed. In 1669, Arakel's Book of Histories was published in Amsterdam. Arakel died in 1670 at Etchmiadzin and was buried, as he desired, in the cemetery of the brotherhood at the monastery of Etchmiadzin.[3]




  1. ^ Reformed orthography: Առաքել Դավրիժեցի




  • Sanjian, A. K. (1986). "AṘAKʿEL OF TABRĪZ". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). Encyclopædia Iranica, Online Edition. Encyclopædia Iranica Foundation.
  • Aṛakʻel of Tabriz (2010). Book of History. Translated by Bournoutian, George A. Costa Mesa, California: Mazda Publishers. ISBN 978-1-56859-172-8.