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Apollonius is a lunar impact crater located near the eastern limb of the Moon. It lies in the region of uplands to the west of Mare Undarum and northeast of the Sinus Successus on the Mare Fecunditatis. It was named after Greek mathematician Apollonius of Perga.[1] It is southwest of the crater Firmicus, and north of Condon.

Apollonius crater AS15-M-1629.jpg
Apollo 15 image
Coordinates4°30′N 61°06′E / 4.5°N 61.1°E / 4.5; 61.1Coordinates: 4°30′N 61°06′E / 4.5°N 61.1°E / 4.5; 61.1
Diameter53 km
Depth1.5 km
Colongitude299° at sunrise
EponymApollonius of Perga
Location of Apollonius on the near side of the Moon
Oblique view from Apollo 10
Oblique view from Apollo 17

The outer rim of Apollonius is somewhat worn and is overlain by a pair of small craters (including Apollonius E) across the western wall. The nearly flat interior floor has a low albedo and has been covered by lava. It lacks a central peak or notable small craters across the bottom.

Satellite cratersEdit

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Apollonius.

Apollonius Latitude Longitude Diameter
A 4.8° N 56.8° E 24 km
B 5.7° N 57.6° E 32 km
E 4.4° N 61.9° E 16 km
F 5.6° N 60.0° E 16 km
H 3.4° N 59.6° E 20 km
J 4.6° N 57.5° E 12 km
L 6.5° N 54.6° E 9 km
M 4.8° N 61.9° E 10 km
N 4.8° N 64.1° E 9 km
S 1.1° N 62.6° E 15 km
U 4.9° N 59.9° E 7 km
V 4.4° N 58.2° E 16 km
X 7.0° N 58.1° E 31 km
Y 4.9° N 62.6° E 10 km

The following craters have been renamed by the IAU.

Apollonius and surroundings


  1. ^ "Apollonius (crater)". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.
  • Andersson, L. E.; Whitaker, E. A. (1982). NASA Catalogue of Lunar Nomenclature. NASA RP-1097.
  • Bussey, B.; Spudis, P. (2004). The Clementine Atlas of the Moon. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-81528-4.
  • Cocks, Elijah E.; Cocks, Josiah C. (1995). Who's Who on the Moon: A Biographical Dictionary of Lunar Nomenclature. Tudor Publishers. ISBN 978-0-936389-27-1.
  • McDowell, Jonathan (July 15, 2007). "Lunar Nomenclature". Jonathan's Space Report. Retrieved 2007-10-24.
  • Menzel, D. H.; Minnaert, M.; Levin, B.; Dollfus, A.; Bell, B. (1971). "Report on Lunar Nomenclature by the Working Group of Commission 17 of the IAU". Space Science Reviews. 12 (2): 136–186. Bibcode:1971SSRv...12..136M. doi:10.1007/BF00171763.
  • Moore, Patrick (2001). On the Moon. Sterling Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-304-35469-6.
  • Price, Fred W. (1988). The Moon Observer's Handbook. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-33500-3.
  • Rükl, Antonín (1990). Atlas of the Moon. Kalmbach Books. ISBN 978-0-913135-17-4.
  • Webb, Rev. T. W. (1962). Celestial Objects for Common Telescopes (6th revised ed.). Dover. ISBN 978-0-486-20917-3.
  • Whitaker, Ewen A. (1999). Mapping and Naming the Moon. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-62248-6.
  • Wlasuk, Peter T. (2000). Observing the Moon. Springer. ISBN 978-1-85233-193-1.

External linksEdit