Aperture (software)

Aperture was an image organizer developed by Apple for the macOS operating system. It was first released in 2005[1] and was discontinued in 2015.[2] The software handled a number of tasks common in post-production work such as importing and organizing image files, applying corrective adjustments, displaying slideshows, and printing photographs.

Aperture Icon.png
Apple Aperture.jpg
Aperture 3 running on OS X Mavericks
Developer(s)Apple Inc.
Initial releaseNovember 30, 2005; 16 years ago (2005-11-30)
Final release
3.6 / October 16, 2014; 7 years ago (2014-10-16)
Written inObjective-C
Operating systemmacOS
TypeImage organizer
Websitewww.apple.com/aperture/ Edit this on Wikidata

Features of Aperture included non-destructive editing; organization of photographs by keyword, faces (using face recognition), and places (using GPS metadata embedded in image files); brushes for applying effects (such as dodge and burn, skin smoothing, and polarization); and exporting to Flickr, Facebook, SmugMug, and iCloud.[3][4][5][6]

On June 2, 2014, Apple announced Photos as a replacement for Aperture and iPhoto. Aperture 3.6, a final update adding compatibility with OS X Yosemite, was released on October 16, 2014. Aperture was discontinued and removed from sale on April 8, 2015.[2] Mojave was the last version of macOS to officially support Aperture, as the release of Catalina on October 7, 2019 did not support the app,[7][8] however, a third party modification allows Aperture's final version to run on macOS Catalina and newer. [9]


  • Complete raw image format support from import to export (for supported cameras).
  • Supports tethered shooting from Nikon and Canon DSLRs.[10]
  • Master image files (raw or otherwise) may be kept in place on import or migrated into the Aperture library.
  • Raw Fine Tuning, allowing versions of raw decode to be managed over time and conversion parameters adjusted.
  • Many image adjustment tools including specific color retouching, a luminance based edge sharpener, and spot repair.
  • Lens correction tools, such as chromatic aberration.
  • Project management, with extensive metadata and searching support.
  • Autostacking, a way to group photos based on the time between shutter clicks.
  • Stacks (for grouping photos) and Versions (for making multiple working copies of the same image).
  • Multiple display spanning.
  • Loupe, allowing viewing of images at zooms from 50% to 1600%.
  • Light Table, a type of freeform workspace.
  • Native support of the Adobe Photoshop PSD, PNG, JPEG and TIFF formats.
  • Nondestructive image editing.
  • Customizable printing and publishing.
  • Supports importing from USB and FireWire memory card readers or directly from a camera connected via USB.
  • Ability to simultaneously zoom and pan multiple images.
  • Read and write support for IPTC image metadata.
  • Heavily customizable book creation.
  • Web gallery and blog creation, uploadable via FTP or Webdav.
  • Full-featured full-screen mode, for editing and sorting images.

Aperture 2.0Edit

Aperture 2.0 was released on February 12, 2008, with a reduced US price of $199.[11] This can be compared with the $499 price tag of version 1.0.

  • Streamlined interface.
  • Enhanced performance due to database optimizations and interface improvements.
  • Enhanced image processing with updated raw support.
  • Improved integration with macOS, MobileMe (now iCloud) and various software packages including iLife and iWork.
  • Support for editing plug-ins, including Apple's own dodging and burning tool (Aperture 2.1).[12]

Aperture 3.0Edit

Aperture 3.0 was released on February 9, 2010.[13] and was the first version of Aperture to require an Intel-based Macintosh computer (previous versions could run on PowerPC based systems). With the launch of the Mac App Store on January 6, 2011, Apple started offering Aperture 3.0 through the store at a reduced US price of $80.[14] Apple claims more than 200 new features are included in version 3.0 and cites the main enhancements as follows:[15]

  • 64 bit application, able to handle huge files such as very high definition scans.
  • Face detection and recognition tool, called Faces.
  • Place pictures on maps using Places. It is compatible with GPS metadata and manually editable through an interactive map.
  • Native Flickr and Facebook integration.
  • Nondestructive, edge-aware brushes to apply adjustments to photos.
  • Dozens of new built-in adjustment presets. Some photographers created custom presets available for download.[16]
  • Advanced slideshows.
  • Handling and editing of video and audio files.

Version historyEdit

Version number Release date Changes
1.0 November 30, 2005 Initial release.
1.0.1 December 21, 2005 Fixed bugs with shadow blocking in 8-bit images, Exif export issues, and improved performance in keyword searches.
1.1 April 13, 2006 A significant update that includes new features such as universal support, improved raw image quality, raw fine tuning, auto noise compensation, a new color meter, enhanced export controls and other more minor improvements and bug fixes.
1.1.1 May 4, 2006 Addresses several issues related to performance, stability, color correction, and display compatibility.
1.1.2 June 21, 2006 Addresses issues related to overall reliability and performance.
1.5 September 29, 2006 A significant update with many new features, including Flexible Library Management (master images can be kept outside the library and offline as well), iLife '06 and iWork '06 integration, Automatic Metadata Export, Edge Sharpen and iPod photo syncing. Also now officially supports all Intel-based Macs with at least 1 GB of RAM. Price dropped from $499 to $299.
1.5.1 November 2, 2006 Improves overall reliability and performance in many areas of the application, including keywords, the Loupe, cropping, previews, metadata presets, file renaming, iPhoto library importing and watermarks.
1.5.2 December 11, 2006 Addresses issues related to overall reliability and performance in a number of areas, including: Contact sheet printing, Smart Albums, watermarks, lift and stamp, image export, versions created using an external editor.
1.5.3 April 19, 2007 Aperture 1.5.3 addresses issues related to overall reliability and performance in a number of areas, including: Generation of thumbnails for adjusted images, entering and exiting Full Screen mode, working with large sets of keywords in the Keywords HUD, restoring from a vault.
1.5.6 October 26, 2007 Aperture 1.5.6 addresses issues related to performance, improves overall stability, and supports compatibility with Mac OS X 10.5.
2.0 February 12, 2008 Aperture 2.0 includes 100+ new features and addresses performance and stability. New features include a streamlined user interface and entirely new image processing engine, new imaging tools for highlight recovery, color vibrancy, local contrast definition, soft-edged retouching, vignetting and RAW fine-tuning. Reduced price to $199 in the US.
2.0.1 March 3, 2008 Aperture 2.0.1 addresses issues related to the performance and overall stability of Aperture 2.
2.1 March 28, 2008 Aperture 2.1 introduces editing plug-ins including a Dodge and Burn tool developed by Apple and addresses issues related to the performance and overall stability of Aperture 2.
2.1.1 July 28, 2008 Aperture 2.1.1 addresses issues related to performance, improves overall stability, and supports compatibility with Apple's MobileMe (now iCloud) service.
2.1.2 October 20, 2008 Aperture 2.1.2 update improves the printing quality of books, cards and calendars ordered through the Aperture printing service.
2.1.3 March 14, 2009 Aperture 2.1.3 update improves overall stability and addresses minor issues in a number of areas, including the display of thumbnails on import and image rotation.
2.1.4 August 27, 2009 Aperture 2.1.4 update addresses general compatibility and overall stability in the following areas: Creating books, Ordering books/prints and Slideshows
3.0 February 9, 2010 Aperture now requires an Intel-based Macintosh. Version 3.0 includes 200+ new features including: faces, places, brushes, adjustment presets, full-screen browser, audio and video support, and advanced slideshows.
3.0.1 February 24, 2010 Aperture 3.0.1 update improves overall stability and addresses a number of issues in Aperture 3, including: upgrading libraries from earlier versions of Aperture, importing libraries from iPhoto, importing photos directly from a camera, memory usage when processing heavily-retouched photos, face recognition processing, adding undetected faces using the Add Missing Face button, printing pages containing multiple images, editing photos using an external editor, display of images with Definition and Straighten adjustments applied, zooming photos in the Viewer and in the Loupe using keyboard shortcuts, accessing Aperture libraries on a network volume Selecting and moving pins on the Places map, adding and editing custom locations using the Manage My Places window and witching between masters when working with raw+JPEG pairs.
3.0.2 March 25, 2010 Aperture 3.0.2 update improves overall stability and fixes issues in a number of areas. The key areas addressed include: upgrading Aperture 1.x and 2.x libraries, importing libraries from iPhoto or from earlier versions of Aperture, importing hierarchical folders of photos into a library, adding names and confirming matches in Faces, reordering snapshots on the Faces corkboard, creating and saving print presets, duplicating metadata presets, adjustments using Curves, Straighten and Retouching, navigation of photos in the Viewer using scrolling, importing ratings, color labels and GPS data from XMP sidecar files, IPTC metadata compatibility, deleting photos when emptying the Aperture Trash and exporting versions and libraries.
3.0.3 April 29, 2010 Aperture 3.0.3 update improves overall stability and fixes issues in a number of areas. The key areas addressed include: applying adjustments such as Retouch or Chromatic Aberration, creating and using Raw Fine Tuning presets, viewing, adding and removing detected faces, switching target printers and paper sizes when printing, duplicating Smart Albums, repairing and rebuilding Aperture libraries, reconnecting referenced files, working with GPS track files in Places and searching for keywords in the Query HUD or Keyword Controls.
3.1 October 20, 2010 Aperture 3.1 update greatly improves the overall stability and performance while fixing many major issues, most especially in Libraries and Adjustments, while making the application compatible with iLife '11. The key areas addressed include: displaying a progress bar when opening, switching and exporting libraries and masters, improvement in performance when opening large libraries, corrections on rendered previews and thumbnails used in Faces or while in zoom mode, importing and relinking referenced iPhoto libraries from a Mac, iPhone or iPad, improvements in face detection (especially on raw+JPEG files) and addressing "blank" faces, corrections in search query performance, export of GPS metadata and correction of TIFF dpi setting, and performance improvements of many default adjustments (especially the Red-eye, Straighten, Crop and Presets adjustments).
3.1.1 December 9, 2010 Aperture 3.1.1 update improves overall stability and performance issues, and also includes specific fixes that: Address compatibility with the iLife Media Browser, improve reliability when upgrading existing Aperture libraries, address issues with publishing photos to MobileMe, Facebook and Flickr.
3.1.1 January 6, 2011 Aperture 3.1.1 was re-released in the Mac App Store, with a price drop to $79.99.
3.1.2 March 23, 2011 Aperture 3.1.2 update improves overall stability and performance, including specific fixes in the following areas: Importing iPhoto libraries, Reliability and responsiveness when using brushes to apply adjustments, Reconnecting referenced master images.
3.1.3 July 13, 2011 Aperture 3.1.3 update improves overall stability and performance, including specific fixes in the following areas: library rebuilding, file import issues, multitouch gestures, Faces and Places views, adjustments, web sharing, A/V, raw+JPEG pairs.

Drops support for Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard. Requires Mac OS X 10.6.6 Snow Leopard.[17]

3.2 October 12, 2011 Aperture 3.2 adds support for iCloud and iOS 5, and addresses stability, performance and compatibility issues.[18]
3.2.1 October 28, 2011 Resolves an issue that could cause Aperture to quit unexpectedly at launch on Macs with Core Duo processors. Addresses problems that could cause the Crop tool to switch to the incorrect orientation or resize incorrectly. Resolves rendering issues when cropping images with Onscreen Proofing enabled. Location menus are now displayed correctly on the map in the Places view when “Photos” is selected in the Library Inspector.
3.2.2 December 8, 2011 This update resolves an issue that could prevent auto-imported Photo Stream images from being displayed in the library after your Photo Stream hits 1,000 images.
3.2.3 March 13, 2012 Aperture 3.2.3 update allows photos to be deleted from photo stream and addresses minor issues related to performance and stability.
3.2.4 May 24, 2012 Improves stability on Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard. Addresses an issue that could prevent the Viewer from updating correctly after editing a photo using an external editor.
3.3 June 11, 2012 New unified photo library for both iPhoto (v9.3 or later) and Aperture; no import/export required; Faces, Places, slideshows, albums and web sharing work across both applications. Support for AVCHD video has been added. Aperture now lets you use camera-generated previews for faster browsing of RAW files immediately after import. Highlights & Shadows tool has been updated to deliver higher-quality results and work with extended range data. A new Auto Enhance button has been added to the Adjustments panel. White Balance tool now includes Skin Tone and Natural Gray modes to simplify color balance. Auto button has been added to the White Balance tool for one-click color balancing. Set Desktop command has been added to Share menu so you can set a desktop background from within Aperture. A new Manual option allows you to drag and drop projects to customize sort order in the Projects view. New preference allows you to set the background brightness of the full screen browser. Facebook, Flickr, and MobileMe albums are now displayed as thumbnails in the main window when accounts are selected in the source list. Minor terminology changes, including "Original" instead of "Master" and "Info" instead of "Metadata." Source list includes a new "Recent" section, showing Last Import and recently viewed projects. Raw Fine Tuning is no longer displayed in the Adjustments panel by default. Faces can now be named by dragging them from the Unnamed Faces browser to existing snapshots on the corkboard. The Faces corkboard now includes a menu that allows you to set the order of face snapshots. Newly designed monochrome source list and toolbar icons. Addresses numerous issues related to overall performance and stability.

Requires Mac OS X 10.7 Lion.[19]

3.3.1 June 28, 2012 Fixes an issue that in rare cases could cause Aperture to hang or quit unexpectedly when upgrading libraries.[20]
3.3.2 July 25, 2012 Supports compatibility with OS X 10.8 Mountain Lion

Addresses issues that could affect performance when entering and exiting Full Screen mode

Auto White Balance can now correct color using Skin Tone mode, even when Faces is disabled

Projects and albums in the Library Inspector can now be sorted by date in addition to name and kind

Includes performance and stability improvement.[21]

3.4 September 19, 2012 Adds support for Shared Photo Streams on OS X 10.8 Mountain Lion

A new File menu can be used to open the current library in iPhoto

Includes performance and stability improvement.[22]

3.4.1 September 28, 2012 Addresses an installer issue that could cause the application to quit unexpectedly on launch

Improves the reliability of syncing photos to iOS devices via iTunes

Resolves an issue with downloading and viewing photos synced from Facebook albums

Addresses other stability issues[23]

3.4.2 November 1, 2012 Photos received via My Photo Stream or shared streams can now be added directly to other shared streams

Multiple email addresses can now be copied and pasted in the "Shared with" field for shared streams

When more than five subscribers "Like" a photo in a shared stream, all their names are now displayed correctly

The Info panel for a shared stream now includes an Unsubscribe button

The status line in the toolstrip now displays the number of new photos added to a shared stream

Faces are now properly detected on photos imported into a library from a shared stream

Adjusted photos added to shared streams are now published with EXIF metadata properly preserved

Addresses the reliability of Shared Photo Streams when switching between iPhoto and Aperture with the same library

Custom keyboard shortcuts are now properly preserved when upgrading from earlier versions of Aperture

Double-clicking a photo in Viewer-Only mode now correctly toggles to the Browser view

Addresses a problem that could prevent the Viewer from displaying images with correct color after Auto White Balance and Auto Enhance are applied

Addresses an issue that could cause JPEGs exported with a custom ICC profile to render incorrectly

A dialog now displays progress when deleting large numbers of photos using the Empty Aperture Trash command

Fixes a problem that could cause duplicate detection on import to fail when the "Auto-Split Projects" option is enabled

RAW files are no longer displayed in the Import window when the "JPEG files only" option is enabled

Key photos made from panoramic images are now displayed at high resolution

Addresses a problem that could cause the Info panel in the Inspector to display the wrong metadata view

Fixes an issue that could prevent Microsoft Outlook from being used to email photos from within Aperture

Improves stability when working with AVCHD video files

Fixes a problem with using the Zoom navigator on a second display

Addresses issues that could cause web journals to export incorrectly

Includes stability improvements[24]

3.4.3 November 15, 2012 Addresses an issue that could cause a licensed copy of Aperture to prompt for a serial number every time you open it.

Addresses an installer issue that could cause the Mac App Store version of Aperture 3.4.2 to quit unexpectedly when you open it. [25]

3.4.4 April 16, 2013 Shared Photo Stream invitation lists now scroll correctly.

Fixes an issue that could cause multiple warning dialogs to appear when syncing web albums after waking from sleep. Changes made to the Aperture library are now more reliably reflected in the iLife Media Browser. Two fingered scroll now works in the To field of the Shared Photo Stream dialog. Addresses an issue with library upgrades that could cause Aperture to incorrectly display a dialog stating "To open this iPhoto library in Aperture, it first needs to be upgraded." Resolves an issue that could prevent images captured from a tethered camera to a user’s Pictures folder from being written to disk on computers with Mac OS X Lion 10.7.5. Nikon P7700 RAW images are now displayed correctly in the Import window. The eyedropper for the Color tool now works correctly when you select either the Crop or Straighten tool in the Toolbar. Thumbnails with version names longer than 250 characters are now displayed correctly.

This update also addresses stability issues that could cause Aperture to quit unexpectedly in the following cases:

Moving photos from one project to another Uploading photos to Photo Stream Attempting to access a vault Connecting a second display to a computer while in Sleep mode, and then waking it from sleep

This update also addresses stability issues that could cause Aperture to become unresponsive in the following cases:

After canceling a print job When adjusting white balance [26]

3.4.5 June 5, 2013 Addresses an issue that could cause Aperture to quit unexpectedly when deleting items from a camera or memory card after import.

Memory cards are now ejected correctly when using the Delete Items option after import.

Includes stability improvements [27]

3.5 October 22, 2013 Adds support for iCloud Photo Sharing, including the ability to post videos to shared photo streams and to have multiple subscribers contribute to a shared stream

The Places feature now uses Apple maps to display photo locations

New integration with SmugMug, with support for publishing and syncing galleries directly to a SmugMug account

Adds support for iOS 7 camera filters applied to photos imported from iOS devices

Support of MacBook Retina display [28]

Requires OS X 10.9 Mavericks.

3.5.1 November 14, 2013 White Balance now works as expected when using the Temperature & Tint eyedropper tool

Fixes an issue that could cause the rectangles indicating detected faces to appear incorrectly

When a metadata field is selected, the cursor now remains active in that field when using the Command and arrow keys to move between photos

Includes stability improvements [29]

3.6 October 16, 2014 Stability improvements and compatibility with OS X 10.10 Yosemite

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Heid, Jim (December 26, 2005). "Macworld Aperture 1.0.1 Review". Macworld. Retrieved February 15, 2011.
  2. ^ a b Fingas, Roger (April 10, 2015). "Aperture, iPhoto disappear from Mac App Store following Photos debut". AppleInsider.
  3. ^ "Apple Aperture 3 Review and User Guide by Ken Rockwell". kenrockwell.com. November 12, 2011. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
  4. ^ "Apple Aperture 3 review". TechRadar. Future US. March 27, 2010. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
  5. ^ "Aperture 3: The Ars Review". Ars Technica. Condé Nast. March 18, 2010. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
  6. ^ "Lightroom vs Aperture – all the Features Compared". technologyformedia.wordpress.com. Self-published. February 13, 2013. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
  7. ^ "Migrate your Aperture library to the Photos app or Adobe Lightroom Classic". Apple Inc. April 24, 2020.
  8. ^ "Apple Aperture Won't Work Anymore After macOS Mojave". PetaPixel. April 30, 2019.
  9. ^ "Retroactive". Retrieved March 29, 2022.
  10. ^ "Aperture 3: Tips on tethered shooting". apple.com. Apple Inc. Retrieved April 16, 2011.
  11. ^ Juskalian, Russ (March 12, 2008). "Macworld Aperture 2 Review". Macworld. Retrieved February 15, 2011.
  12. ^ "Aperture - Resources - Plug-ins". Apple.com. Apple Inc. Retrieved February 15, 2011.
  13. ^ "Apple Press Statement". Prnewswire.com. California. Retrieved February 15, 2011.
  14. ^ "Apple's Mac App Store: Hands On". PC Magazine. Ziff Davis. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  15. ^ "Apple's feature list". Apple.com. Retrieved February 15, 2011.
  16. ^ "Custom Aperture presets for download". Aperturepresets.tumblr.com. January 23, 2011. Archived from the original on February 10, 2011. Retrieved February 15, 2011.
  17. ^ "Aperture 3.1.3". Apple, Inc. July 13, 2011. Retrieved October 1, 2014.
  18. ^ "Aperture 3.2: Release notes". Apple, Inc. October 12, 2011. Retrieved October 14, 2011.
  19. ^ "Aperture 3.3: Release notes". Apple, Inc. June 11, 2012. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
  20. ^ "Aperture 3.3.1: Release notes". Apple, Inc. June 28, 2012. Retrieved June 30, 2012.
  21. ^ "Aperture 3.3.2". Apple, Inc. July 25, 2012. Retrieved July 26, 2012.
  22. ^ "Aperture 3.4". Apple, Inc. September 19, 2012. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
  23. ^ "Aperture 3.4.1". Apple, Inc. September 28, 2012. Retrieved September 28, 2012.
  24. ^ "Aperture 3.4.2". Apple, Inc. November 1, 2012. Retrieved November 1, 2012.
  25. ^ "Aperture 3.4.3". Apple, Inc. November 15, 2012. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
  26. ^ "Aperture 3.4.4". Apple, Inc. June 13, 2013. Retrieved June 13, 2013.
  27. ^ "Aperture 3.4.5". Apple, Inc. June 13, 2013. Retrieved June 13, 2013.
  28. ^ "Aperture 3.5". Apple, Inc. October 22, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2013.
  29. ^ "Aperture 3.5.1". Apple, Inc. November 14, 2013. Retrieved November 16, 2013.

External linksEdit