Portrait of the French Artist Antoine Coypel, by Alexis Grimou, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Rouen, 1705

Antoine Coypel (11 April 1661 – 7 January 1722)[1] was a history painter, the more famous son of the French painter Noël Coypel.[2]

Antoine Coypel was born in Paris.[3] He studied under his father, with whom he spent four years at Rome. At the age of eighteen he was admitted into the Académie de peinture et de sculpture, of which he became professor and rector in 1707, and director in 1714. In 1716 he was appointed king's painter, and he was ennobled in the following year.[4]

His great work of decoration was the ceiling of the Royal chapel at Versailles (1716), in the manner of the Roman Baroque. He also carried out large-scale paintings illustrating themes of the Aeneid for the Palais-Royal (1714–1717).

Antoine Coypel received a careful literary education, the effects of which appear in his works; but the graceful imagination displayed by his pictures is marred by the fact that he was not superior to the artificial taste of his age. He was a clever etcher, and engraved several of his own works. His Discours prononcés dans les conferences de 1'Academie royale de Peinture, etc.; first appeared in 1721.[4]

The structure of Adélaïde Labille-Guiard's 1785 painting Self-Portrait with Two Pupils with the easel at left suggests that she may have based her composition on Antoine Coypel's Portrait of the Artist with his Young Son, Charles Antoine.[5]

His half-brother Noël-Nicolas and his son Charles-Antoine Coypel (1694–1752) were also accomplished painters. the sculptor François Dumont was his brother-in-law.

Coypel died in 1722, at 61 years of age.


  1. ^ Turner, Nicholas (2001). European Drawings 4: Catalogue of the Collections. Getty Publications. p. 174. ISBN 9780892365845.
  2. ^ "Antoine Coypel | French artist". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2018-08-08.
  3. ^ Etienne Achille Réveil; Jean Duchesne (1834). Museum of Painting and Sculpture: Or, Collection of the Principal ..., Volume 16. Bossange. p. 354.
  4. ^ a b   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Coypel s.v. Antoine Coypel". Encyclopædia Britannica. 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 355.
  5. ^ Laura Auricchio (2009). Adélaïde Labille-Guiard: Artist in the Age of Revolution. Getty Publications. pp. 40–. ISBN 978-0-89236-954-6.