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|Transitive Binary Relations|
|All definitions tacitly require the homogeneous relation be transitive: |
A "✓" indicates that the column property is required in the row definition.
For example, the definition of an equivalence relation requires it to be symmetric.
Listed here are additional properties that a homogeneous relation may satisfy.
The divisibility relation on the natural numbers is an important example of an antisymmetric relation. In this context, antisymmetry means that the only way each of two numbers can be divisible by the other is if the two are, in fact, the same number; equivalently, if and are distinct and is a factor of then cannot be a factor of For example, 12 is divisible by 4, but 4 is not divisible by 12.
The usual order relation on the real numbers is antisymmetric: if for two real numbers and both inequalities and hold then and must be equal. Similarly, the subset order on the subsets of any given set is antisymmetric: given two sets and if every element in also is in and every element in is also in then and must contain all the same elements and therefore be equal:
Partial and total orders are antisymmetric by definition. A relation can be both symmetric and antisymmetric (in this case, it must be coreflexive), and there are relations which are neither symmetric nor antisymmetric (for example, the "preys on" relation on biological species).