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Antiphilus (Ἀντίφιλος) was an ancient Greek painter from Naucratis,[1][2] Egypt, in the age of Alexander the Great. He worked for Philip II of Macedon and Ptolemy I of Egypt. Thus he was a contemporary of Apelles, whose rival he is said to have been, but he seems to have worked in quite another style. Quintilian speaks of his facility: the descriptions of his works which have come down to us show that he excelled in light and shade, in genre representations, and in caricature.[3]

Paintings of Antiphilus on display in ancient RomeEdit

In ancient Rome, according to Pliny the Elder, the Schola Octaviae was ornamented by paintings by Antiphilus, among which were his Hesione and his painting of the group of Alexander and Philip with Minerva. The Curia Pompeii, famous as the place of assassination of Julius Caesar, was of the form called an exedra, or hall furnished with seats, and was decorated with pictures of Cadmus and Europa by Antiphilus.[4]


  1. ^ The Epochs of Painting Characterized by Ralph Nicholson Wornum.
  2. ^ A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities by William Smith
  3. ^   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Antiphilus". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 133. This cites Brunn, Geschichte der griechischen Künstler, ii. p. 249.
  4. ^ Rome and the Campagna: a historical and topographical description of the site, buildings, and neighbourhood of ancient Rome, Robert Burn, 1871, (Deighton, Bell, & Co., Cambridge, England); (Bell & Daldy, London)