Anonymous Bulgarian Chronicle

Anonymous Bulgarian Chronicle is a term used for several anonymous chronicles written in Bulgaria during the Middle Ages.

11th/12th centuriesEdit

The term is used when referring to an apocryphal apocalyptic chronicle written in Bulgaria in the late eleventh or early twelfth century.[1][2] This work is also known as the "apocryphal Bulgarian chronicle".[3]

Such chronicles were relatively common in Bulgaria and Byzantium of that period, and their defining characteristic was that they purported to come from a prophet, delivering God's message and announcing that the Apocalypse is near.[1]

15th centuryEdit

Several sources refer to an early 15th-century work of that name.[4][5][6][7]

According to Khristov this work is focused on the Ottoman invasion of the Balkans.[4] Imber, however, is more critical of its coverage of that time period. According to him that work provides a narrative from 1296 to the death of Sultan Bayezid I in 1403 and only has a few brief and rather inaccurate entries focusing on the Ottoman civil war.[8] This work has been identified it as one of the two important Slavonic literary histories for that time and place.[8] Due to the relatively undescriptive name, it is possible that Khristov and Imber discuss two different works.

Göyünç, Kreiser and Neumann discuss the work of that name noting that it reaches the year 1417 and that has been "identified as an Old-Bulgarian translation of the Byzantine chronicle of John Chortasmenos.[9] Another work uses this term to refer to a chronicle covering years 1296-1413.[10] For the reasons mentioned above, it is not certain whether the scholars in question are discussing a single chronicle, ending in the early 15th century, or several different ones.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Antoanetta Granberg, "Transferred in Translation. Making a State in Early Medieval Bulgarian Genealogies" (PDF).[1] (252 KB), SLAVICA HELSINGIENSIA 35, 2008
  2. ^ Yassen Borislavov (1 January 2004). Bulgarian wine book: history, culture, cellars, wines. TRUD Publishers. p. 74. ISBN 978-954-528-478-6. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
  3. ^ Anonymous classics: a list of uniform headings for European literatures. Second edition revised by the Working group set up by the IFLA Standing Committee of the Section on Cataloguing
  4. ^ a b Khristo Angelov Khristov; Dimitǔr Konstantinov Kosev (1963). A short history of Bulgaria. Foreign Languages Press. p. 128. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
  5. ^ United Center for Research and Training in History; Edinen t︠s︡entŭr za nauka i podgotovka na kadri po istorii︠a︡ (1987). Revue bulgare d'histoire. Pub. House of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. p. 93. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
  6. ^ Research Programme for Macedonian Studies (New Delhi, India) (1991). Macedonian studies. Research Programme for Macedonian Studies. p. 60. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
  7. ^ Vernon J. Parry; Malcolm Yapp (1975). War, technology and society in the Middle East. Oxford University Press. p. 175. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
  8. ^ a b Colin Imber (1990). The Ottoman Empire, 1300-1481. Isis Press. p. 7. ISBN 978-975-428-015-9. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
  9. ^ Nejat Göyünç; Klaus Kreiser; Christoph K. Neumann (1997). Das osmanische Reich in seinen Archivalien und Chroniken: Nejat Göyünç zu Ehren. In Kommission bei Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart. p. 32. ISBN 978-3-515-07034-8. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
  10. ^ University of Melbourne. Dept. of Russian and Language Studies; Australian and New Zealand Slavists' Association; Australasian Association for Study of the Socialist Countries (1 January 2003). Australian Slavonic and East European studies: journal of the Australian and New Zealand Slavists' Association and of the Australasian Association for Study of the Socialist Countries. Dept. of Russian and Language Studies, University of Melbourne. p. 7. Retrieved 10 November 2011.