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Anna "Annie" Edson Taylor (October 24, 1838 – April 29, 1921) was an American schoolteacher who, on her 63rd birthday, October 24, 1901, became the first person to survive a trip over Niagara Falls in a barrel. Her motives were financial but she never made much money from her adventure. She died penniless and her funeral was paid for by public donations.
Annie Edson Taylor
Anna M Edson
24 October 1838
Auburn, New York, U.S.
|Died||April 29, 1921 (aged 82)|
Lockport, New York, U.S.
|Other names||Queen of Mist, Qween of the Falls|
|Known for||First person to go over Niagara Falls intentionally and survive|
Early life Edit
Annie was born on October 24, 1838, in Auburn, New York. She was one of eight children born to Merrick Edson (1804–1850) and Lucretia Waring; her father owned a flour mill and died when she was 12 years old, leaving enough money to provide a comfortable living for the family. She became a schoolteacher (she received an honors degree in a four-year training course). During her studies, she met David Taylor. They were married and had a son who died in infancy. Her husband died soon after. After she was widowed, she spent her working years in between jobs and locales.
Eventually, she ended up in Bay City, Michigan, where she hoped to be a dance instructor. Since there were no dance schools in Bay City at that time, Taylor opened her own. She moved to Sault Ste. Marie in 1900 to teach music. From there, she traveled to San Antonio, Texas, then she and a friend went to Mexico City to find work. Unsuccessful, she returned to Bay City.
Niagara Falls Edit
By 1900, Taylor had fallen upon hard times, having been burned out of her home and having lost money invested with a clergyman. She claimed to be only 42 years old at the time, suggesting that she could make money more easily if she were younger. Having always associated with "the best class of people, the cultured and the refined," Taylor believed that she needed money to hold her place in the world. In the 1900 Federal Census, she declared her year of birth as 1860. Hoping to secure her later years financially, she decided she would be the first person to ride over Niagara Falls in a barrel. Taylor used a custom-made barrel for her trip, constructed of oak and iron and padded with a mattress. Several delays occurred in the launching of the barrel, particularly because no one wanted to be part of potential suicide. Two days before Taylor's own attempt, a domestic cat was sent over the Horseshoe Falls in her barrel to test its strength to see if the barrel would break or not. Contrary to rumors at the time, the cat survived the plunge and seventeen minutes later, after she was found with a bleeding head, posed with Taylor in photographs.
On October 24, 1901, her 63rd birthday, the barrel was put over the side of a rowboat, and Taylor climbed in, along with her lucky heart-shaped pillow. After screwing down the lid, friends used a bicycle tire pump to compress the air in the barrel. The hole used for this was plugged with a cork, and Taylor was set adrift near the American shore, south of Goat Island.
The river currents carried the barrel over the Canadian Horseshoe Falls, which has since been the site for all successful daredevil stunting at Niagara Falls. Rescuers reached her barrel shortly after the plunge. Taylor was discovered to be alive and relatively uninjured, except for a small gash on her head. The trip itself took less than twenty minutes, but it was some time before the barrel was actually opened. Taylor was helped out of the barrel by Carlisle Graham, her friend and the first man to run the rapids on a raft. After the journey, Taylor told the press:
"If it was with my dying breath, I would caution anyone against attempting the feat ... I would sooner walk up to the mouth of a cannon, knowing it was going to blow me to pieces than make another trip over the Fall."
Later years Edit
She briefly earned money speaking about her experience but was never able to build much wealth. She wrote a memoir and returned to Niagara Falls to sell it. Her manager, Frank M. Russell, ran away with her barrel, and most of her savings were used towards private detectives hired to find it. It was eventually located in Chicago, only to permanently disappear some time later.
She spent her final years posing for photographs with tourists at her souvenir stand, attempting to earn money from the New York Stock Exchange, briefly talking about taking a second plunge over the cataracts in 1906, attempting to write a novel, re-constructing her 1901 plunge on film (which was never seen), working as a clairvoyant, and providing magnetic therapeutic treatments to local residents.
Taylor entered the Niagara County Infirmary in Lockport, New York on February 23, claiming her age to be 57. She died on April 29, 1921, aged 82 and was interred next to her friend and fellow daredevil Carlisle Graham, in the "Stunter's Rest" section  of Oakwood Cemetery in Niagara Falls, New York.
Since she died penniless, public donations were sought to pay the costs of her funeral, which was held on the 5th of May, 1921. She attributed her bad health and near blindness to her trip over the falls.
In popular culture Edit
- Annie Taylor's character appears in the IMAX film Niagara: Miracles, Myths and Magic.
- Emma Donoghue has written a short story featuring Taylor's descent.
- Legends of the Hidden Temple had an episode entitled "The Heart-Shaped Pillow of Annie Taylor."
- Composer Michael John LaChiusa wrote a musical, "Queen of the Mist", based on Taylor's life. It was premiered by Transport Group in New York City on October 18, 2011, and starred Mary Testa as Taylor.
- Taylor's story inspired the plot to the episode "Barrel Bear" of the television show Wonderfalls.
- Chris Van Allsburg has a children's book called Queen of the Falls about her feat.
- Annie is portrayed at Niagara Falls State Park by Kathleen Ordiway on the "Encounter Niagara" tour.
- In TV Murdoch Mysteries 7-1 "Murdoch Ahoy", Annie (Jillian Cook) is in Toronto for a speech, at the police station accusing her manager (Joel Rinzler) of stealing her barrel.
- Her story also appears in "Niagara Falls Daredevil, Accidental Nuclear Bomb, Railroad Heroine", an episode of Mysteries at the Museum.
- The poet John Wall Barger portrayed Annie Edson Taylor as the heroine/radiation victim of a fictitious movie in his 2014 poem "Chernobyl".
- Joanne Murray wrote a long narrative poem, "Queen of the Mist", published by Beacon Press in 1999.
- She is also depicted in a National Geographic special, "Conquering Niagara", documenting all stunts attempted over the falls.
- There is a depiction of her in the form of an Easter egg, in the game Red Dead Redemption 2.
- She is referenced in the popular cartoon-based medical school licensing exam preparation service Sketchy in the episode "Naegleria Falls"
- Lindsey Lauren Visser wrote "Annie Edson Taylor's Barrel v. Niagara Falls" for The Buffalo History Museum Podcast.
- Wisconsin-based Americana singer-songwriter Trapper Schoepp tells Annie Edson Taylor’s story in the song “Queen of the Mist” on his 2023 album, Siren Songs, which was recorded at Johnny Cash’s cabin.
- Niagara Falls Live Archived July 23, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- "Niagara Daredevils". niagarafallsforyou.com. Archived from the original on 2 June 2007. Retrieved 6 June 2022.
- Kusmierz, Marvin (20 March 2010). "Anna Edson Taylor (1839–1921) Bay City teacher was first person to go over Niagara Falls". Bay-Journal, Bay City, Michigan. Archived from the original on 25 October 2016. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
- Biodata Archived July 23, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- "Annie Get Your Barrel". Newsday. November 21, 1981. p. 31.
- "1900 United States Federal Census for Anna E Taylor". United States Federal Census. June 6, 1900. Retrieved July 3, 2022 – via Ancestry.
- Parish, Charles Carlin, Queen of the Mist: The Story of Annie Edson Taylor, First Person Ever To Go Over Niagara Falls and Survive (Empire State Books, Interlaken, New York, 1987, ISBN 0-932334-89-X); p. 47.
- Parish, C. Queen of the Mist, ibid., p. 55
- Parish, Charles Carlin, Queen of the Mist: The Story of Annie Edson Taylor, First Person Ever To Go Over Niagara Falls and Survive (Empire State Books, Interlaken, New York, 1987, ISBN 0-932334-89-X)
- First barrel ride down Niagara Falls, History.com, Retrieved 23 October 2016
- "Overlooked No More: Annie Edson Taylor, Who Tumbled Down Niagara Falls Into Fame". The New York Times. 2019-05-01. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
- "Woman who went over Niagara dies". The Pittsburgh Press. April 30, 1921. p. 1.
- "Woman Goes Over Niagara in a Barrel". Oakwood Niagara. The New York Times. 25 October 1901. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
- "Oakwood Cemetery Commemorates War of 1812: Historic Congressional Presentation, Stunters Rest Tour, Nature Walk, Tree Planting" (PDF). Niagara Chamber of Commerce. Oakwood Cemetery of Niagara Falls. 9 July 2012. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
- "Anna Edson Taylor: Junior Editors' Quiz". Rocky Mount Telegram. November 17, 1984. p. 9.
- "Niagara Falls Daredevils | IMAX Theater, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada". www.imaxniagara.com. Archived from the original on 2 June 2008. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
- "BBC Radio 3 – The Verb, Emma Donoghue, Hannah Silva, Gary Shteyngart, Roz Goddard, Winning Words". BBC.
- "Transport Group's Queen of the Mist, Starring Mary Testa, Extends Through December 4". Broadway.com.
- "TV Murdoch Mysteries 7-1 "Murdoch Ahoy"". CBC News. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
- "Niagara Falls Daredevil, Accidental Nuclear Bomb, Railroad Heroine." Mysteries at the Museum, performance by Don Wildman, season 4, episode 1, Travel Channel, 15 Nov. 2012.
- Visser, Lindsey Lauren. "Annie Edson Taylor's Barrel v. Niagara Falls". The Buffalo History Museum Podcast. Podcast audio, October 28, 2021. https://open.spotify.com/episode/00zZvfHeoQpRO5eGTAhxW2?si=428fe1e7e0844519.
- Maas, Tyler. "Trapper Schoepp Uses Old Formats To Tell New Stories On Siren Songs". Milwaukee Record. Album review, April 21, 2023. https://milwaukeerecord.com/music/trapper-schoepp-uses-old-formats-to-tell-new-stories-on-siren-songs/
- Annie Taylor biodata
- "Daredevils of Niagara Falls"
- Annie Edson Taylor images from the Niagara Falls, Ontario Public Library
- "Annie Edson Taylor Bio from Oakwood Cemetery website"
- "Not the usual carnival show-off": Annie Edson Taylor at Niagara Falls – ABC Radio National program describing the background and circumstances of Taylor's stunt broadcast September 2011