Anne Henriette of Bavaria

Anne of the Palatinate known in France as Anne of Bavaria, Princess Palatine (Anne Henriette Julie; 13 March 1648 – 23 February 1723) was a Princess of the Palatinate and Countess Palatine of Simmern by birth and was the wife of Henri Jules de Bourbon eldest son of Louis, Grand Condé. Following her father-in-law's death, her husband succeeded as Prince of Condé, a purely honorary title, but one of the highest ranking in France. She was also the Princesse of Arches and Charleville in her own right from 1708.

Anne of Bavaria
Princess of Condé
Anne de Bavière par Gobert.jpg
Portrait by Gobert
Born(1648-03-13)13 March 1648
Paris, France
Died23 February 1723(1723-02-23) (aged 74)
Petit Luxembourg, Paris, France
Carmel du faubourg Saint-Jacques, Paris
(m. 1663; died 1709)
Full name
Anne Henriette Julie
FatherEdward, Count Palatine of Simmern
MotherAnna Gonzaga
ReligionRoman Catholicism
SignatureAnne of Bavaria's signature


Anne was born in Paris the second of the three daughters of Prince Palatine Edward. Her mother was Anna Gonzaga, a well known Parisian political hostess and sister of the Queen of Poland.

At the age of fifteen, she was engaged to Henri Jules, Duke of Enghien, the only surviving child of the famous military commander the Grand Condé. The Grand Condé was the most senior Prince du Sang at the French court ("First Prince of the Blood"). Henri Jules was his heir and prior to his succession to the purely honorary title of Prince of Condé, was styled the Duke of Enghien and was addressed Monsieur le Duc. The marriage ceremony took place at the Palais du Louvre on 11 December 1663 with Louis XIV of France and the rest of the royal family in attendance. At this time, Anne became Madame la Duchesse, as Duchess of Enghien. At the death of her father-in-law in 1684, Anne took on the style of Madame la Princesse. She was also known as Anne, princesse Palatine.

Anne and Henri Jules had ten children. Henri Jules, who suffered from clinical lycanthropy, was greatly supported by his wife. Anne is described as very pious, generous, and charitable, and was praised by many at court for her very supportive nature towards her husband. Despite that her husband, who was prone to great rages, would often beat his quiet wife, even in the presence of other courtiers.[1] Of her many children, five survived infancy. Four of those went on to marry.

Her mother was instrumental in helping bring about a marriage between her niece by marriage, Elisabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate and the brother of Louis XIV, Philippe, Duke of Orléans in 1671. Elisabeth Charlotte was Anne's first cousin, their fathers being brothers. In 1708, when her cousin Charles IV, Duke of Mantua died, being his heiress, Anne Henriette became the Princess of Arches in her own right. Charles IV was the last Duke of Mantua. The next year, Anne's husband died in Paris on 1 April 1709, aged 65, making her son, Louis, the next Prince of Condé.

Louis died the next year and his son Louis Henri, Duke of Bourbon became the next holder of the title. Anne also owned the Château du Raincy which was sold to the House of Orléans in 1769. She died in Paris at the age of 74, having outlived her husband and all but two of her children, namely the Princess of Conti and the Duchess of Maine. On her death, the principality of Arches became extinct; the title was claimed by her son, the Prince of Condé and her nephew, the son of her sister, Louise Marie of Bavaria. She was buried at the Carmel du Faubourg Saint-Jacques in Paris.


Anne was the princess for whom the Rue Palatine was named - the road in the 6th arrondissement of Paris where she had lived in the Petit Luxembourg, next to the Luxembourg Palace in Paris.


Anne had ten children.

Name Portrait Lifespan Notes
Marie Thérèse de Bourbon
Princess of Conti
  1 February 1666 –
22 February 1732
Born in Paris and known as Mademoiselle de Bourbon in her youth, she married her cousin François Louis, Prince of Conti and had issue; she was briefly titular Queen of Poland in 1697.
Henri de Bourbon
Duke of Bourbon
  5 November 1667 –
5 July 1670
Died in infancy.
Louis de Bourbon
Duke of Bourbon
Prince of Condé
  10 November 1668 –
4 March 1710
Born in Paris, he became the heir apparent of his father on his brother's death in 1670; he married Louise-Françoise de Bourbon, légitimée de France a daughter of Louis XIV; the couple had issue.
Anne de Bourbon
Mademoiselle d’Enghien
  11 November 1670 –
27 May 1675
Died in infancy.
Henri de Bourbon
Count of Clermont
  3 July 1672 –
6 June 1675
Born at Saint-Germain-en-Laye and died in Paris.
Louis Henri de Bourbon
Count of La Marche
  9 November 1673 –
21 February 1677
Born in Paris, he died at the age of 3 in the same city.
Anne Marie de Bourbon
Mademoiselle d'Enghien
Mademoiselle de Condé
  11 August 1675 –
23 October 1700
Born in Paris, she died at the age of twenty-five at the Château Asnières.
Louise Bénédicte de Bourbon
Duchess of Maine
  8 November 1676 –
23 January 1753
Born in Paris, she was known as Mademoiselle d’Enghien and then Mademoiselle de Charolais during her youth; she married another illegitimate child of Louis XIV, Louis Auguste de Bourbon, duc du Maine; the couple had issue.
Marie Anne de Bourbon
Duchess of Vendôme
  24 February 1678 –
11 April 1718
Born in Paris, she was known as Mademoiselle de Montmorency and then Mademoiselle d’Enghien during her youth; she married her cousin, Louis Joseph de Bourbon, duc de Vendôme; the couple had no issue and Marie Anne died at the Hôtel de Vendôme.
N de Bourbon
Mademoiselle de Clermont
  17 July 1679 –
17 September 1680
Born and died in Paris.



  Media related to Anne of Bavaria, Princess Palatine at Wikimedia Commons

Anne Henriette of Bavaria
Born: 1 February 1666 Died: 22 February 1733
French nobility
Preceded by
Charles IV, Duke of Mantua
Princess of Arches
Succeeded by