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Anjuman-i-Himayat-i-Islam ("The Association for the Support of Islam") or Anjuman-e-Himayat-e-Islam (Urdu: انجمن حمایت اسلام‎) is an Islamic intellectual and social welfare organisation with branches both in India and Pakistan.[1] It was founded in Lahore on 24 September 1884 in a mosque known as Masjid Bakan inside Mochi Gate, Lahore, by Khalifa Hameed-ud-Din.

History and backgroundEdit

The Indian Rebellion of 1857 against the British Empire also known as the War of Independence of 1857 was an important and historical milestone in the history of India. Many political and social movements were later inspired by it, including the Aligarh Movement, founded by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, and the Aligarh Muslim University (founded in 1878).[2]

Anjuman-i-Himayat-i-Islam was founded in Lahore on 22 September 1884 in a mosque known as Masjid Bakan inside Mochi Gate, Lahore, by Khalifa Qazi Hameed-ud-Din.[1]

One of its major efforts was the foundation of a number of schools for Muslim girls and orphanages in the Punjab, where girls were taught Urdu, the Qur'an, mathematics, needlework, and crafts. It started a publishing house for appropriate textbooks for Muslim girls' and boys' schools, and these textbooks were used all over the Punjab and beyond. In 1939, it founded the Islamia College for Women in Lahore, the only one of its kind in the region, whose curriculum was the standard Bachelor of Arts program, supplemented by Islamic education. It also founded Islamia College Lahore in 1892.[3]

The Anjuman-i-Himayat-i-Islam was a body that represented a spontaneous desire on the part of middle-class Muslims of Lahore to cooperate with each other for common good. The Anjuman also played a vital role to provide a political platform for Indian Muslims.[4]

Later, a number of other institutions were initiated in Pakistan under the auspices of or partially supported by the Anjuman. One of such most prominent schools which gained recognition and was later turned into a full-fledged government-run public high school is the Himayat-ul-Islam High School in Hyderabad, Sindh,[5][6] which has two distinct sections, the Himayat-ul-Islam Boys and Girls High Schools. The school was initiated by a prominent Shaikh Sindhi family in Hyderabad in 60's by granting their property with the sole aim of extending English-medium quality education to the masses. The school soon turned into a prominent English-medium public school competing with the leading public and private schools in the city, especially during the 70's and 80's, with prizes and awards in many literary and sports competitions. It has produced a number of prominent personalities in the city and province, civilian and military officers and eminent businessmen, some even gaining world fame such as the Pakistani-American politician Mr. M.J. Khan.

ActivitiesEdit

The association is composed of Muslim intellectuals and politicians seeking to reform Muslim society and work on its development.[1] Some of its most prominent members included the famous poet Sir Muhammad Iqbal, who recited his first poems at the sessions of the Anjuman. Its purpose is the educational uplift of Muslims of the Indian subcontinent.[1][7]

PublicationsEdit

  • Risala-e-Anjuman-e-Himayat-e-Islam (first published in 1885)[1]

Programs and servicesEdit

In addition to numerous other charitable services, the Anjuman runs:

Public schoolsEdit

  • Dar-ul-Shafqat (for males only)
  • Dar-ul-Shafqat (for females only)
  • Dar-ul-Aman (for females only)
  • Dar-ul-Uloom Deenia (for both males and females)
  • Hamayat-e-Islam High School (for boys)[8]
  • Hamayat-e-Islam Pasha Girls High School
  • Hamayat-e-Islam Rajgarh School
  • Hamayat-e-Islam Degree College (for women only)
  • Hamayat-e-Islam Law College
  • Hamayat-e-Islam Tibbya College
  • Hamayat-e-Islam Younani Shafa Khana
  • Hamayat-e-Islam Library

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Profile of Anjuman-e-Himayat-e-Islam on storyofpakistan.com website, Updated 1 June 2003, Retrieved 21 August 2017
  2. ^ Profile of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan on Encyclopedia Britannica, Retrieved 21 August 2017
  3. ^ Qureshi, M. Naeem. Pan-Islam in British Indian Politics: A Study of the Khilafat Movement, 1918-1924. Social, economic, and political studies of the Middle East and Asia, v. 66. Leiden: Brill, 1999.
  4. ^ S. M. Ikram. Indian Muslims and Partition of India. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers & Distributors, 1995.
  5. ^ http://www.schoolinglog.com/school/Government-Boys-High-School-HIMAYAT-UL-ISLAM-Hyderabad-City_84099.html
  6. ^ https://www.facebook.com/Govt-Himayat-ul-Islam-Boys-High-School-Hyderabad-783176251701574/
  7. ^ Qureshi, M. Naeem. Pan-Islam in British Indian Politics: A Study of the Khilafat Movement, 1918-1924. Social, economic, and political studies of the Middle East and Asia, v. 66. Leiden: Brill, 1999.
  8. ^ Anjuman-e-Himayat-e-Islam Government Boys High School, Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan, schoolinglog.com website, Retrieved 21 August 2017

External linksEdit