Animal engine

An animal engine is a machine powered by an animal. Horses, donkeys, oxen, dogs, and humans have all been used in this way.[1][2][3][4] An unusual example of an animal engine was recorded at Portland, Victoria in 1866. A kangaroo had been tamed and trained to work a treadmill which drove various items of machinery.[5]

Ox powered treadwheel

See alsoEdit


  • Animal Powered Machines, J. Kenneth Major. Shire Album 128 - Shire Publications 1985. ISBN 0-85263-710-1
  • Walton, James (1974). Water-mills, windmills and horse-mills of South Africa. Cape Town: C. Struik Publishers. ISBN 978-0-86977-040-5.
  • Pond, Wilson G. (2005). Encyclopedia of Animal Science. Marcel Dekker. ISBN 9780824754969. Retrieved 12 April 2019.


  1. ^ Potter, A (1917). Farm Motors: steam and gas engines, hydraulic and electric motors, automobiles, animal motors, windmils. New York: McGraw Hill Book Co.
  2. ^ Braford, B; Major, B; Kenneth, M (1979). "Animal Powered Engines". Technology and Culture. 20 (2): 359–360. JSTOR 3103873.
  3. ^ Mohl, Raymond A. (1997). The Making of Urban America (3 ed.). Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-0742552357.
  4. ^ McNeil, Ian (2002). An Encyclopedia of the History of Technology. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-1134981656.
  5. ^ "Australia". The Times (25447). London. 16 March 1866. col F, p. 5.