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Angelika Hoerle (née Fick) (20 November 1899 – 9 September 1923) was a German Dada artist who was a founding member of the Cologne art group Stupid and the cofounder of a Dadaist publishing house.

Angelika Hoerle
Photo of Angelika Hoerle.jpg
BornMargaretha Angelika Fick
(1899-11-20)November 20, 1899
Cologne, Germany
DiedSeptember 9, 1923(1923-09-09) (aged 23)
Cologne, Germany
NationalityGerman
Known forPainting
MovementDada
Spouse(s)
Heinrich Hoerle (m. 1919)
Angelika Hoerle, Mann mit Auge entfernt, 1921, Fick-Eggert Collection, Art Gallery of Ontario.
Artwork by Angelika Hoerle in Die Schammade magazine, issue of Feb. 1, 1920.

Contents

LifeEdit

She was born Margaretha Angelika Fick in Cologne, Germany, the daughter of cabinetmaker Richard August Michael Fick and Anna Maria (Kraft) Fick.[1] She had three siblings, one of whom was fellow Dada artist Willy Fick.

Largely self-taught as an artist because the German art schools of the day did not admit women, in 1915 she became an apprentice milliner.[2]

In 1919, she married the painter Heinrich Hoerle. In 1922 she contracted tuberculosis, and she died the following year, only 23 years old. She was buried in Cologne's West Cemetery.[1]

Art careerEdit

In 1919, she and Heinrich moved to an apartment in Cologne-Lindenthal that they named "dadaheim" (Dada home). Here they founded the Schloemilch Verlag publishing house, which published the international dadaist magazine Die Schammade and Max Ernst's portfolio of lithographs entitled Fiat modes pereat ars. It was also a popular meeting place for the Cologne Dadaists.

In the same year, Hoerle and her husband were among the founding members of the art group Stupid.[3]

Hoerle worked in a variety of styles ranging from caricature to Dada-inflected surrealism, mainly in the media of drawings, prints, and collages. Her surreal portraits quickly drew attention, but her career was cut short by her early death from tuberculosis. Much of her work was destroyed by the Nazis as 'Degenerate art', but her brother Willy hid 35 pieces, which were rediscovered in 1967.[3]

Portraits of her were painted by Heinrich as well as by such artists as Jankel Adler, Anton Räderscheidt, and Marta Hegemann.[3]

Recent exhibitionsEdit

  • 2008 Junker Simonskall, Hürtgenwald: Experiment Kalltalgemeinschaft 1919-1921 - The Cologne Progressives in Simonskall
  • 2009 Gallery of Ontario, Toronto: Angelika Hoerle: Cologne Comet of Dada
  • 2009 Museum Ludwig Cologne: Angelika Hoerle: Comet of the Avantgarde

In popular cultureEdit

Hoerle's great-niece Angelika Littlefield wrote a play about her, Angelika's Promise, produced at the Art Gallery of Ontario in 2009.[4]

In 2016, the German writer Ute Bales wrote a novelization of Hoerle's life, Die Welt zerschlagen: Die Geschichte der Dada-Künstlerin Angelika Hoerle (The World Shattered: The Story of Dada Artist Angelika Hoerle).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Angelika Hoerle". Angielittlefield.com.
  2. ^ Littlefield, Angelika. "The New Woman: Angelika and Women's Rights". Summer at the AGO: Dada Podcasts (Audio). Art Gallery of Ontario. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
  3. ^ a b c Paiement, Genevieve. "Stupid Girl: Angelika Hoerle’s Art, Rediscovered". T magazine, June 16, 2009
  4. ^ "Angelika's Promise". Angielittlefield.com.

Further readingEdit

  • de Zegher, Catherine, and Angelika Littlefield, Angelika Hoerle: The Comet of Cologne Dada, Art Gallery of Ontario, König, Köln, 2009, ISBN 978-1-894243-62-9