Angeles Arrien (1940 – April 24, 2014) was a Basque-American cultural anthropologist, educator, author, lecturer and consultant, best known for her book The Four-Fold Way: Walking the Paths of the Warrior, Healer, Teacher and Visionary.

Early life


Angeles Arrien was born in 1940 in the Basque Country, Spain, to Salvatore Arrien and Marie Elordi.[1] She moved with her family to Idaho, USA, when she was seven years old, and later became a naturalized American.[2] She received a Bachelor's degree from the University of Idaho,[3] a Master's degree from the University of California Berkeley, and a doctorate from the California Institute of Integral Studies.[4]



Arrien taught at the California Institute of Integral Studies, the Alaya Institute, Spain, John F. Kennedy University, and at the Metta Institute, California.[5] She was a founder of the External (Global) Program at the Institute of Transpersonal Psychology (now Sofia University).[6] She served as Vice President of the Association for Transpersonal Psychology[6] and as President of the Angeles Arrien Foundation for Cross-Cultural Education and Research. She received honorary doctorates from the Institute of Transpersonal Psychology and the East-West Interfaith Ministry, California.[7][8] She lectured, gave keynote speeches to medical, academic and corporate conferences, held workshops and worked as a personal consultant across the US and worldwide.[9][10] She mentored many colleagues, students and individuals.[8][11]

Arrien published ten major works that bridged anthropology, psychology, and religion over a period of twenty-four years, and which were translated into many languages. Her book The Signs of Life won the 1993 IBPA Benjamin Franklin Award, and The Second Half of Life won the 2007 Nautilus Book Award for Best book on Ageing.[12] Her book Working Together, in which she recognised that cultural diversity is a reality in many fields of employment, and proposed strategies that would enable workforces to build on that diversity and create bridges between people from different cultural backgrounds, was influential in the fields of leadership development and change management.[2][13][14][15] The concepts developed in her book The Four-Fold Way: Walking the Paths of the Warrior, Healer, Teacher and Visionary influenced the personal and professional development of many who attended her lectures, keynote speeches or workshops.[16][17]

Arrien died on April 24, 2014, aged 74, due to pneumonia.[5]


  • The Tarot handbook : practical applications of ancient visual symbols (1987, 1991, 1997)
  • Power and Love in Relationships (1991)[18]
  • Signs of life : the five universal shapes and how to use them (1992, 1998)[19][20][21][22]
  • The Four-Fold Way: walking the paths of the warrior, teacher, healer, and visionary (1993, 2013)[16][17][20][23][24][25]
  • Gathering Medicine: stories, songs, and methods for soul retrieval (1994)
  • Working Together: producing synergy by honoring diversity (editor; 1998, 2001)[13][14][15]
  • The Nine Muses: a mythological path to creativity (2000)[26]
  • The Preferential Shapes Test (2002)
  • The Second Half of Life: opening the eight gates of wisdom (2007)[27][28][29]
  • Living in Gratitude: a journey that will change your life (2011)


  1. ^ Low, Jacqueline (September 24, 1972). "Euzkadi In The City". The San Francisco Examiner. p. 36. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Grand Circle Foundation". Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  3. ^ "Angeles Arrien engaged". The Times-News. Twin Falls, Idaho. August 15, 1963. p. 7. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  4. ^ "Angeles Arrien". Sounds True. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Metta : Angeles Arrien, In Memoriam". Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  6. ^ a b Boucouvalas M. 'Editor’s Note.' Journal of Transpersonal Psychology. 2014;46(1):V-Vi.
  7. ^ "About Interfaith". East-West Interfaith Seminary. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  8. ^ a b "Angeles Arrien, 1940–2014". The Four Directions. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  9. ^ Eliason, Mickey (2016). Reflecting on the Teaching of Angeles Arrien: From a to Z. CreateSpace Independent Publishing. ISBN 9781523647576.
  10. ^ Robinson-Walker, Catherine (October 2014). "Paying Tribute to Dr. Angeles Arrien". Nurse Leader. 12 (5). New York: Mosby: 12–13. ISSN 1541-4620.
  11. ^ "The Legacy of Angeles Arrien". Charter for Compassion. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  12. ^ "Honorees: Angeles Arrian". YWCA San Francisco & Marin. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  13. ^ a b Buschiazzo, John (May 1, 2003), "On the night stand.(interesting business books)(Column)", T+D, 57 (5), American Society for Training & Development, Inc: 109(2), ISSN 1535-7740
  14. ^ a b Connaughton, Mary; Hassinger, James (October 2007). "Leadership character: antidote to organizational fatigue". Journal of Nursing Administration. 37 (10): 464–470. doi:10.1097/01.NNA.0000285150.72365.b7. ISSN 0002-0443. PMID 17914294. S2CID 29059334.
  15. ^ a b Shelton K. 'The Constant of Change.' Executive Excellence. 2001;18(12):2.
  16. ^ a b Durrance, Bonnie (February 1, 1997), "Stories at work. (includes related article on story-based business plan)", Training & Development, v51 (n2), American Society for Training & Development, Inc: 25(5), ISSN 1055-9760
  17. ^ a b Cook, Sarah Gibbard (November 1, 2002), "Four archetypes remind women of ancient cultures", Women in Higher Education, 11 (11): 26(1), ISSN 1060-8303
  18. ^ Logghe, Joan (June 22, 1992), "Power and Love in Relationships", Mothering (n64), Mothering Magazine: 83(1), ISSN 0733-3013
  19. ^ Jowers, Andrew (July 21, 1993). "Circling toward knowledge of mankind". The Press Democrat. p. 60. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  20. ^ a b Madrigal, Alix (March 28, 1993). "Archetypes, Myths and Symbols". The San Francisco Examiner. p. Review: 9. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  21. ^ Schnitzer, Lynn (July 6, 1993). "Understanding the signs of life". The Petaluma Argus-Courier. Petaluma, California. p. 2. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  22. ^ Bryson, Jodi (December 1, 1998), "Analyze Yourself!(personality tests)", Cosmopolitan, 225 (6), Hearst Magazines, a Division of the Hearst Corporation: 254(1), ISSN 0010-9541
  23. ^ Cummins, H.J. (August 10, 2006). "Today's conflicts can be resolved by ancient values". Star Tribune. Minneapolis, Minnesota. pp. D1, D5. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  24. ^ Zaid, Rhona (April 1, 1993), "The Four-Fold Way: Walking the Paths of the Warrior, Teacher, Healer, and Visionary", Whole Life Times (n132), Whole Life Company, Inc: 42(1), ISSN 0279-5590
  25. ^ Doebel, Reinald (2000). "Oral Traditions and Scientific Knowledge: Some Remarks on the Epistemological Validity of the Indigenous Perspective". Southeast Asian Journal of Social Science. 28 (1): 171–184. doi:10.1163/030382400X00217. JSTOR 24493004.
  26. ^ Christian, Graham (October 1, 2000), "The Nine Muses: A Mythological Path to Creativity.(Review)(Brief Article)", Library Journal, 125 (16), Library Journals, LLC: 110, ISSN 0363-0277
  27. ^ Spillman, Nancy (November 1, 1999), "The Second Half of Life.(Review)(Brief Article)", Booklist, 96 (5), American Library Association: 551, ISSN 0006-7385
  28. ^ Lankard, Charlotte (February 20, 2006). "Find later half of life promising". The Daily Oklahoman. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. p. 19. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  29. ^ HEERY M. 'Baby Boomers on Conscious Aging.' Journal of Transpersonal Psychology. 2011;43(2):256-259.