Androcleides (Ancient Greek: Ἀνδροκλείδης) was a politician of ancient Thebes. In the 390s BCE, Thebes was a city divided between factions desiring an alliance with Sparta, and factions desiring an alliance with Athens, and Androcleides led the Athenian faction, along with Ismenias.
In 382, the Spartan commander Phoebidas, stationed at Thespiae, urged the Spartan faction of Thebes to take over the citadel of Thebes known as the Cadmeia. The democratic leaders of the Theban faction, Androcleides and Pherenicus, escaped to Athens as exiles. One of leaders of the Spartan faction of Thebes, Leontiades, later had Androcleides assassinated during his exile.
- Plutarch (2012). Lives that Made Greek History. Hackett Publishing. p. 193. ISBN 978-1603849159.
- Xenophon, Hellenica ii. 5. § 1
- Plutarch, Lysander 27
- Pausanias, Description of Greece iii. 9. § 4
- Todd, S.C. (2010). Lysias. Austin: University of Texas Press. pp. 352–353. ISBN 978-0292773684.
- Xenophon, Hellenica v. 2. § 31
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William (1870). "Androcleides". In Smith, William (ed.). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. Vol. 1. p. 171.