Amram Mitzna (Hebrew: עמרם מצנע, born 20 February 1945) is an Israeli politician and former general in the IDF. He is a former mayor of Haifa (1993–2003) and Yeruham (2005–2010) and led the Labor Party from 2002 to 2003. In 2012 he joined Hatnuah.
|Leader of the Opposition|
|Faction represented in the Knesset|
|Mayor of Haifa|
|Mayor of Yeruham|
|Born||20 February 1945|
Dovrat, Mandatory Palestine
Youth, education, and military serviceEdit
He was born in Kibbutz Dovrat to Jewish refugees that escaped from Nazi Germany. He attended a military boarding school in Haifa, graduating from the Hebrew Reali School in 1963 and enlisting into the IDF the same year. He served in various positions in the IDF armored force, the Command and Staff College, and the Operations Division in the General Staff, receiving the Medal of Distinguished Service for his actions during the Six-Day War and the Yom Kippur War, both of which saw him wounded.
In 1986 he was promoted to major general, and assisted the Head of the Operations branch. In 1987 he became commander of the Central Command, and in 1989 completed the program for senior public figures at the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs at Harvard University.
In 1990 he became head of the IDF's planning branch, and gained an MA from Haifa University in political science. He retired from the IDF in 1993.
In 1993, the same year as finishing his military career, Mitzna was elected mayor of Haifa representing Labor, and re-elected in 1998. He won the Labor's leadership elections on 19 November 2002 with 53.6% of the vote, defeating incumbent Binyamin Ben-Eliezer and Member of the Knesset Haim Ramon. During campaigning for the 2003 elections, Mitzna proposed that Israel pursue further negotiations with the Palestinian Authority, but if they failed to yield a solution, that Israel withdraw from the Gaza Strip and most of the West Bank, and unilaterally set its final borders. His position was lambasted by Likud leader Ariel Sharon, though later partially implemented by him as the disengagement plan.
Mitzna oversaw Labor's second worst electoral performance up to 2003 when leading it in that year's election. the party won just 19 seats. He resigned as party leader shortly after, replaced by Shimon Peres.
In November 2005, the Internal Affairs Minister appointed Mitzna acting mayor of Yeruham, a town in the southern Negev region, after the elected mayor was forced to step aside, due to incompetence. Mitzna resigned from the Knesset to take up the role.
On 1 December 2012, Mitzna joined Tzipi Livni's new party, Hatnuah. He was elected to the Knesset in second place on the party's list in the 2013 elections. On 24 December 2014 he announced he was retiring from politics and would not seek re-election in 2015, although he supported the Zionist Union, an alliance of Hatnuah and Labor that had been formed for the elections.
- An unlikely dove The Guardian, 4 October 2002
- עתי"ם (2002-08-13). "עמרם מצנע: אריאל שרון, ראש ממשלת ישראל, מוביל אותנו לאסון". Globes. Retrieved 2022-05-12.
- "התוצאות הסופיות: מצנע - ברוב של 53.6%". ynet (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2022-05-12.
- "Letter of support from prominent Israelis". Archived from the original on July 4, 2010. Retrieved December 21, 2010.
- "Labor Leadership Race to Second Round". Israel National News. Retrieved 2022-05-12.
- חדשות (2011-09-17). "עמרם מצנע: תומך בעמיר פרץ לראשות מפלגת העבודה". Ynet (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2022-05-12.
- Amram Mitza joins Livni's new party Ynetnews, December 1, 2012
- Asher Schechter (March 3, 2013). "The would-be Israeli prime minister: Amram Mitzna's tragic mediocrity". Haaretz. Retrieved August 2, 2013.
- Livni's Hatnuah disintegrating as Mitzna quits, Sheetrit expected to follow Haaretz, 25 December 2014